Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 40

Introduction

1Job humbles himself to God.
6God stirs him up to shew his righteousness, power, and wisdom.
16Of the behemoth.

Verse 1

Moreover the LORD answered Job, and said,
6; 38:1
Reciprocal: Job 11:5 - GeneralJob 16:21 - plead;  Job 23:3 - Oh that

Verse 2

Shall he that contendeth with the Almighty instruct him? he that reproveth God, let him answer it.
Shall
9:3; 33:13; Ecclesiastes 6:10; Isaiah 45:9-11; 50:8; 1 Corinthians 10:22
instruct
Isaiah 40:14; 1 Corinthians 2:16
he that reproveth
3:11,12,20,23; 7:12,19-21; 9:17,18,32-35; 10:3-7,14-17; 13:21-27; 14:16,17; 16:11-21; 19:6-11; 27:2; 30:21; Ezekiel 18:2; Matthew 20:11; Romans 9:19-23; 11:34-36
Reciprocal: Job 8:3 - Almighty;  Job 13:15 - but I will;  Job 21:22 - teach;  Job 33:12 - God;  Proverbs 25:2 - the glory;  Jeremiah 49:19 - appoint me the time;  Jeremiah 50:24 - because;  Daniel 4:35 - What;  Acts 11:17 - what;  Romans 9:20 - who art

Verse 4

Behold, I am vile; what shall I answer thee? I will lay mine hand upon my mouth.
Behold
42:6; Genesis 18:27; 32:10; 2 Samuel 24:10; 1 Kings 19:4; Ezra 9:6,15; Nehemiah 9:33; Psalms 51:4,5; Isaiah 6:5; 53:6; 64:6; Daniel 9:5,7; Luke 5:8; 15:18,19; 18:13; 1 Timothy 1:15
what
9:31-35; 16:21; 23:4-7; 31:37
I will
21:5; 29:9; Judges 18:19; Psalms 39:9; Proverbs 30:32; Micah 7:16; Habakkuk 2:20; Zechariah 2:13
Reciprocal: Genesis 18:30 - GeneralGenesis 44:16 - What shall we say;  Leviticus 13:12 - cover all;  Leviticus 13:23 - General1 Samuel 7:6 - We have sinned;  2 Samuel 6:22 - in mine;  1 Kings 18:21 - answered;  Job 1:22 - charged God foolishly;  Job 13:2 - GeneralJob 13:15 - but I will;  Job 13:22 - GeneralJob 30:8 - viler;  Job 31:35 - Oh;  Psalm 106:33 - he spake;  Isaiah 43:26 - Put;  Isaiah 52:15 - kings;  Lamentations 1:11 - see;  Lamentations 3:29 - putteth;  Ezekiel 16:63 - and never;  Jonah 4:9 - I do well to be angry;  Zephaniah 1:7 - thy;  Matthew 15:27 - Truth;  Mark 14:31 - he spake;  Romans 6:21 - whereof;  1 Corinthians 4:4 - yet;  Galatians 3:11 - that

Verse 5

Once have I spoken; but I will not answer: yea, twice; but I will proceed no further.
but I will not
34:31,32; Romans 3:19
twice
33:14; 2 Kings 6:10; Psalms 62:11
but I will proceed
Jeremiah 31:18,19
Reciprocal: Genesis 38:26 - And he knew;  Leviticus 13:23 - GeneralJudges 18:19 - lay thine;  1 Kings 18:21 - answered;  Job 6:26 - reprove;  Job 13:2 - GeneralJob 13:15 - but I will;  Job 13:22 - GeneralJob 31:35 - Oh;  Job 33:29 - oftentimes;  Psalm 39:9 - GeneralPsalm 106:33 - he spake;  Isaiah 43:26 - Put;  Ezekiel 16:63 - and never;  Jonah 4:9 - I do well to be angry;  Zephaniah 1:7 - thy;  Matthew 15:27 - Truth;  Mark 14:31 - he spake;  Romans 9:20 - who art

Verse 6

Then answered the LORD unto Job out of the whirlwind, and said,
out
38:1; Psalms 50:3,4; Hebrews 12:18-20; 2 Peter 3:10-12
Reciprocal: Job 40:1 - General

Verse 7

<I>Gird up thy loins now like a man: I will demand of thee, and declare thou unto me.
Gird
13:22; 23:3,4; 38:3
I
42:4
Reciprocal: Job 13:18 - I have ordered;  Isaiah 41:1 - let the people;  Isaiah 41:21 - Produce;  Isaiah 43:26 - declare;  1 Peter 1:13 - gird

Verse 8

Wilt thou also disannul my judgment? wilt thou condemn me, that thou mayest be righteous?
Wilt
Psalms 51:4; Romans 3:4
disannul
Isaiah 14:27; 28:18; Galatians 3:15,17; Hebrews 7:18
wilt thou condemn
10:3; 27:2-6; 32:2; 34:5,6; 35:2,3
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 15:20 - Yea;  Job 4:17 - Shall mortal;  Job 6:26 - reprove;  Job 8:3 - God;  Job 11:5 - GeneralJob 13:15 - but I will;  Job 13:18 - I know;  Job 15:6 - thine own;  Job 18:4 - shall the;  Job 19:7 - no judgment;  Job 33:12 - God;  Job 34:13 - Who hath given;  Job 34:17 - wilt;  Job 36:23 - Thou;  Psalm 39:10 - blow;  Ecclesiastes 3:18 - that God;  Isaiah 41:1 - let us;  Isaiah 43:26 - declare;  Isaiah 45:9 - unto him;  Jeremiah 36:29 - Thou hast;  Ezekiel 18:25 - way;  Ezekiel 26:14 - for I;  Ezekiel 33:17 - GeneralMalachi 3:13 - What;  Matthew 20:13 - I do;  John 12:10 - GeneralActs 11:17 - what;  Romans 9:20 - who art

Verse 9

Hast thou an arm like God? or canst thou thunder with a voice like him?
Hast
9:4; 23:6; 33:12,13; Exodus 15:6; Psalms 89:10,13; Isaiah 45:9; 1 Corinthians 10:22
canst
37:4,5; Psalms 39:3-9
Reciprocal: Exodus 9:17 - General1 Samuel 2:10 - he thunder;  1 Samuel 17:10 - give me;  2 Samuel 22:14 - thundered;  2 Chronicles 13:12 - fight ye;  2 Chronicles 32:8 - an arm;  Job 9:13 - the proud helpers;  Job 9:19 - he is strong;  Job 15:25 - strengtheneth;  Job 25:2 - Dominion;  Job 26:14 - the thunder;  Job 31:23 - by;  Job 35:9 - the arm;  Job 41:10 - who;  Psalm 18:13 - thundered;  Psalm 18:14 - he shot;  Psalm 29:4 - full of;  Isaiah 30:30 - his glorious voice;  Isaiah 33:5 - The Lord;  Isaiah 36:20 - that the Lord;  Isaiah 40:18 - GeneralJeremiah 15:12 - Shall iron;  Jeremiah 50:24 - because;  Jeremiah 51:16 - he uttereth;  Ezekiel 10:5 - the voice;  Ezekiel 13:5 - to stand;  Ezekiel 22:14 - Thine heart;  Ezekiel 28:6 - Because;  Daniel 4:35 - none;  Luke 1:51 - he hath scattered;  Luke 14:32 - and desireth;  Luke 18:14 - every;  John 12:10 - GeneralJohn 12:29 - thundered;  Acts 5:39 - to fight;  Acts 9:5 - it is;  Acts 11:17 - what;  Revelation 19:6 - and as the voice of mighty

Verse 10

Deck thyself now with majesty and excellency; and array thyself with glory and beauty.
Deck
39:19; Psalms 93:1; 104:1,2; Isaiah 59:17
majesty
1 Chronicles 29:11; Psalms 21:5; 45:3,4; Matthew 6:13; 2 Peter 1:16,17; Jude 1:24,25
glory
Exodus 28:2; Psalms 50:2; 90:16,17; 149:4; Isaiah 4:2; *marg:; 1 Corinthians 15:54
Reciprocal: Numbers 16:27 - and stood;  Esther 1:4 - excellent;  Job 9:19 - he is strong;  Job 37:22 - with;  Psalm 76:5 - stouthearted;  Proverbs 31:25 - Strength;  Isaiah 2:11 - lofty;  Jeremiah 13:9 - the pride;  Jeremiah 43:12 - array;  Jeremiah 48:29 - his loftiness;  Luke 14:11 - whosoever;  Acts 9:5 - it is;  James 4:6 - God

Verse 11

Cast abroad the rage of thy wrath: and behold every one that is proud, and abase him.
Cast
20:23; 27:22; Deuteronomy 32:22; Psalms 78:49,50; 144:6; Romans 2:8,9
behold
Exodus 9:16,17; 15:6; 18:11; Isaiah 2:11,12,17; 10:12-19; Ezekiel 28:2; Daniel 4:37; 5:20-23; Obadiah 1:3,4; Malachi 4:1; Luke 18:14; Acts 12:22,23; James 4:6; 1 Peter 5:5,6
Reciprocal: Numbers 16:27 - and stood;  Judges 4:17 - fled;  2 Samuel 22:28 - but thine;  1 Kings 20:32 - Thy servant;  2 Kings 14:13 - took Amaziah;  Nehemiah 9:10 - they;  Job 26:12 - he smiteth;  Psalm 36:11 - foot;  Psalm 94:2 - render;  Psalm 101:5 - an high;  Psalm 119:21 - rebuked;  Psalm 138:6 - but the proud;  Proverbs 15:25 - destroy;  Isaiah 5:15 - the eyes;  Isaiah 10:33 - and the haughty;  Isaiah 22:19 - GeneralIsaiah 23:9 - to stain;  Isaiah 26:5 - bringeth;  Isaiah 40:4 - every mountain;  Jeremiah 50:31 - O thou;  Ezekiel 28:17 - I will cast;  Daniel 4:24 - come;  Habakkuk 2:4 - his;  2 Corinthians 10:5 - and every

Verse 12

Look on every one that is proud, and bring him low; and tread down the wicked in their place.
tread
Psalms 60:12; Proverbs 15:25; Isaiah 10:6; Zechariah 10:5; Malachi 4:3; Romans 16:20
in
36:20; Ecclesiastes 11:3; Acts 1:25
Reciprocal: Exodus 14:24 - looked unto;  Exodus 18:11 - proudly;  Judges 4:17 - fled;  2 Samuel 22:28 - but thine;  1 Kings 20:32 - Thy servant;  2 Kings 14:13 - took Amaziah;  2 Chronicles 28:19 - the Lord;  Nehemiah 9:10 - they;  Job 26:12 - he smiteth;  Psalm 7:5 - tread;  Psalm 36:11 - foot;  Psalm 59:11 - bring;  Psalm 78:66 - And he;  Psalm 94:2 - render;  Psalm 101:5 - an high;  Psalm 119:21 - rebuked;  Psalm 138:6 - but the proud;  Proverbs 16:5 - that;  Proverbs 29:23 - man's;  Isaiah 5:15 - the eyes;  Isaiah 10:12 - punish the fruit of the stout heart;  Isaiah 10:33 - and the haughty;  Isaiah 22:19 - GeneralIsaiah 23:9 - to stain;  Jeremiah 50:31 - O thou;  Ezekiel 17:24 - have brought;  Ezekiel 28:17 - I will cast;  Daniel 4:24 - come;  Daniel 4:37 - those that walk;  Daniel 5:20 - when;  Micah 1:3 - and tread;  Habakkuk 2:4 - his;  2 Corinthians 10:5 - and every

Verse 13

Hide them in the dust together; and bind their faces in secret.
Hide
14:13; Psalms 49:14; Isaiah 2:10
bind
36:13; Esther 7:8; John 11:44
Reciprocal: Psalm 7:5 - lay;  Psalm 63:9 - go

Verse 14

Then will I also confess unto thee that thine own right hand can save thee.
that
Psalms 44:3,6; Isaiah 40:29; Romans 5:6; Ephesians 2:4-9
Reciprocal: 2 Corinthians 1:9 - that

Verse 15

Behold now behemoth, which I made with thee; he eateth grass as an ox.
behemoth
[b@hemowth (twmhb)] Perhaps an extinct dinosaur, maybe a Diplodocus or Brachiosaurus, the exact meaning is unknown. Some translate as elephant or hippopotamus but from the description in #Job 40:15-24|, this is patently absurd.
which
Genesis 1:24-26
he
20; 39:8; Psalms 104:14
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:22 - GeneralGenesis 1:30 - GeneralPsalm 8:8 - The fowl;  Psalm 50:10 - every

Verse 17

He moveth his tail like a cedar: the sinews of his stones are wrapped together.
moveth
or, setteth up. the.
41:23
Reciprocal: Job 10:11 - fenced

Verse 18

His bones are as strong pieces of brass; his bones are like bars of iron.
7:12; Isaiah 48:4
Reciprocal: Job 6:12 - of brass;  Job 10:11 - fenced;  Revelation 9:9 - they had

Verse 19

He is the chief of the ways of God: he that made him can make his sword to approach unto him.
the chief
26:13; Psalms 104:24
he that
Psalms 7:12; Isaiah 27:1
Reciprocal: Job 41:33 - Upon

Verse 20

Surely the mountains bring him forth food, where all the beasts of the field play.
the mountains
15; Psalms 147:8,9
where
Psalms 104:14,26
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:30 - GeneralGenesis 6:21 - GeneralJob 39:8 - General

Verse 21

He lieth under the shady trees, in the covert of the reed, and fens.
the reed
Isaiah 19:6,7; 35:7

Verse 22

The shady trees cover him with their shadow; the willows of the brook compass him about.
the willows
Leviticus 23:40; Isaiah 15:7; Ezekiel 17:5

Verse 23

Behold, he drinketh up a river, and hasteth not: he trusteth that he can draw up Jordan into his mouth.
drinketh
Heb. oppresseth.
Isaiah 37:25
hasteth
Psalms 55:8; Isaiah 28:16
Jordan
Genesis 13:10; Joshua 3:15
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 47:18 - Jordan

Verse 24

He taketh it with his eyes: his nose pierceth through snares.
41:1,2
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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 40". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/job-40.html.