Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

John 13:10

Jesus *said to him, "He who has bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean, but not all of you."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Feet;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Peter;   Scofield Reference Index - Cleansing;   Sin;   The Topic Concordance - Examples;   Jesus Christ;   Judas Iscariot;   Knowledge;   Receiving;   Resurrection;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Feet, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Eating, Mode of;   Humility;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Peter;   Slave;   Water;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Follow, Follower;   Humility;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Foot;   John, the Gospel According to;   Judas Iscariot;   Laver;   Synagogue;   Washing;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Foot;   Footwashing;   Gestures;   Holy Week;   John, the Gospel of;   Servant of the Lord, the;   The Last Supper;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Foot;   Humility;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Bath, Bathing;   Complacency;   Death of Christ;   Feet (2);   Humility;   Ideas (Leading);   Imagination;   Lord's Supper. (I.);   Love (2);   Paradox;   Purity (2);   Redemption (2);   Righteous, Righteousness;   Sacrifice (2);   Service;   Sin (2);   Upper Room (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Laver;   Shoes;   Washing;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Clean;   Judas;   Passover;   Washing;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Washing of the hands and feet;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Synagogue;   Washing the Hands and Feet;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Feet (wash);  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Foot;   Judas Iscariot;   Laver;   Lord's Supper (Eucharist);   Peter, Simon;   Wash;   Washing of Feet;  
Devotionals:
Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for December 30;   Every Day Light - Devotion for November 17;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

He that is washed - That is, he who has been in the bath, as probably all the apostles had lately been, in order to prepare themselves the better for the paschal solemnity; for on that occasion, it was the custom of the Jews to bathe twice.

Needeth not save to wash his feet - To cleanse them from any dirt or dust that might have adhered to them, in consequence of walking from the bath to the place of supper. The washing, therefore, of the feet of such persons was all that was necessary, previously to their sitting down to table; The Hindoos walk home from bathing barefoot, and, on entering the house wash their feet again. To this custom our Lord evidently alludes.

If these last words of our Lord had any spiritual reference, it is not easy to say what it was. A common opinion is the following: He who is washed - who is justified through the blood of the Lamb, needeth only to wash his feet - to regulate all his affections and desires; and to get, by faith, his conscience cleansed from any fresh guilt, which he may have contracted since his justification.

Ye are clean, but not all - Eleven of you are upright and sincere; the twelfth is a traitor. So it appears he had washed the feet of all the twelve; but as no external ablutions can purify a hypocrite or a traitor, therefore Judas still remained unclean.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on John 13:10". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/john-13.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

He that is washed - This is a difficult passage, and interpreters have been divided about its meaning. Some have supposed that it was customary to bathe before eating the paschal supper, and that the apostles did it; Jesus having said, “he that hath bathed his body is clean except in regard to his feet - to the dirt contracted in returning from the bath, and that there was need only that the feet should be washed in order to prepare them properly to receive the supper.” They suppose, also, that the lesson which Jesus meant to teach was that they were really pure John 15:3; that they were qualified to partake of the ordinances of religion, and needed only to be purified from occasional blemishes and impurities (Grotius). Others say that there is not evidence that the Jews bathed before partaking of the Paschal Supper, but that reference is made to the custom of washing their hands and their face. It is known that this was practiced. See the Matthew 15:2 note; Mark 7:3-4 notes. Peter had requested him to wash his hands and his head. Jesus told him that as that had been done, it was unnecessary to repeat it; but to wash the feet was an act of hospitality, the office of a servant, and that all that was needed now was for him to show this condescension and humility. Probably reference is had here to internal purity, as Jesus was fond of drawing illustrations from every quarter to teach them spiritual doctrine; as if he had said, “You are clean by my word and ministry John 15:3; you are my followers, and are prepared for the scene before you. But one thing remains. And as, when we come to this rite, having washed, there remains no need of washing except to wash the feet, so there is now nothing remaining but for me to show you an example that you will always remember, and that shall complete my public instructions to you.”

Is clean - This word may apply to the body or the soul.

Every whit - Altogether, wholly.

Ye are clean - Here the word has doubtless reference to the mind and heart.

But not all - You are not all my true followers, and fitted for the ordinance before us.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on John 13:10". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/john-13.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

Jesus saith unto him, He that is bathed needeth not save to wash his feet: and ye are clean, but not all.

It is not necessary to construe the first part of this reply of Jesus as something mysterious and deep beyond human comprehension. It meant, "Only your feet need washing." It is only at the end of this verse that Jesus left off speaking of physical things, the final clause being intended spiritually.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on John 13:10". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/john-13.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Jesus saith to him, he that is washed,.... Not he that is baptized; for every such person is not wholly clean, but he who is regenerated by the Spirit of God, or rather, who is washed in the blood of Christ: such an one "is clean every whit"; is all over clean; not that he has no sin in him, nor commits any; but as he is washed in the blood of Christ, and justified by his righteousness, he is wholly and entirely clean in the sight of God; for he is justified from all things he could not be justified from by the law of Moses; all his sins are pardoned, and he is perfectly righteous before God; and so is perfectly clean through the word or sentence of justification and absolution pronounced on him, which must be understood in a forensic or law sense. And such an one

needeth not, save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit; the feet of his life and conversation, which are continually gathering dirt, and need daily washing in the blood of Christ; and therefore recourse must be constantly had to that fountain to wash in, for sin and for uncleanness. The allusion is either to persons washed all over in a bath, who have no need to wash again, unless their feet, which may contract some soil in coming out of it; or to travellers, who have often need to wash their feet, though no other part, and such is the case of the children of God in this life; or rather to the priests, who having bathed themselves in the morning, needed not to wash again all the day, except their hands and feet, on certain occasionsF24Misn. Yoma, c. 3. sect. 3. .

And ye are clean, but not all; which shows, that justifying and regenerating grace are common to all the true disciples of Christ; they are equally born again, alike justified, and are as clean one as an other in the sight of God; not only Peter, but all the apostles, were clean, excepting one; there was one of them, Judas, who was not clean; and therefore he says, but not all: whence it may be observed, that among the purest societies, there are some unclean persons; there was a Judas, an unclean person among the pure disciples of Christ; there are chaff and tares among his wheat, goats among his sheep, and foolish virgins along with the wise ones.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on John 13:10". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/john-13.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

He that is washed — in this thorough sense, to express which the word is carefully changed to one meaning to wash as in a bath.

needeth not — to be so washed any more.

save to wash his feet — needeth to do no more than wash his feet (and here the former word is resumed, meaning to wash the hands or feet).

but is clean every whit — as a whole. This sentence is singularly instructive. Of the two cleansings, the one points to that which takes place at the commencement of the Christian life, embracing complete absolution from sin as a guilty state, and entire deliverance from it as a polluted life (Revelation 1:5; 1 Corinthians 6:11) - or, in the language of theology, Justification and Regeneration. This cleansing is effected once for all, and is never repeated. The other cleansing, described as that of “the feet,” is such as one walking from a bath quite cleansed still needs, in consequence of his contact with the earth. (Compare Exodus 30:18, Exodus 30:19). It is the daily cleansing which we are taught to seek, when in the spirit of adoption we say, “Our Father which art in heaven  …  forgive us our debts” (Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:12); and, when burdened with the sense of manifold shortcomings - as what tender spirit of a Christian is not? - is it not a relief to be permitted thus to wash our feet after a day‘s contact with the earth? This is not to call in question the completeness of our past justification. Our Lord, while graciously insisting on washing Peter‘s feet, refuses to extend the cleansing farther, that the symbolical instruction intended to be conveyed might not be marred.

and ye are clean — in the first and whole sense.

but not all — important, as showing that Judas, instead of being as true-hearted a disciple as the rest at first, and merely falling away afterwards - as many represent it - never experienced that cleansing at all which made the others what they were.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 13:10". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/john-13.html. 1871-8.

People's New Testament

He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet. We must seek the spiritual meaning. He who is once cleansed by the blood of Christ only needs, after this, to come to Christ for partial cleansing; for the forgiveness of the special sins that make him unclean.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Original work done by Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
Johnson, Barton W. "Commentary on John 13:10". "People's New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pnt/john-13.html. 1891.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

He that is bathed (ο λελουμενοςho leloumenos). Perfect passive articular participle of λουωlouō to bathe the whole body (Acts 9:37).

Save to wash his feet (ει μη τους ποδας νιπσασταιei mē tous podas nipsasthai). Aleph and some old Latin MSS. have only νιπσασταιnipsasthai but the other words are genuine and are really involved by the use of νιπσασταιnipsasthai (first aorist middle infinitive of νιπτωniptō to wash parts of the body) instead of λουσασταιlousasthai to bathe the whole body (just used before). The guest was supposed to bathe (λουωlouō) before coming to a feast and so only the feet had to be washed (νιπτωniptō) on removing the sandals.

Clean
(καταροςkatharos). Because of the bath. For καταροςkatharos meaning external cleanliness see Matthew 23:26; Matthew 27:59; but in John 15:3 it is used for spiritual purity as here in “ye are clean” (καταροιkatharoi).

Every whit
(ολοςholos). All of the body because of the bath. For this same predicate use of ολοςholos see John 9:34.

But not all
(αλλ ουχι παντεςall' ouchi pantes). Strongly put exception (ουχιouchi). Plain hint of the treachery of Judas who is reclining at the table after having made the bargain with the Sanhedrin (Mark 14:11). A year ago Jesus knew that Judas was a devil and said to the apostles: “One of you is a devil” (John 6:64, John 6:70). But it did not hurt them then nor did they suspect each other then or now. It is far-fetched to make Jesus here refer to the cleansing power of his blood or to baptism as some do.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 13:10". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/john-13.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

He that is washed - wash his feet ( ὁ λελουμένος - νίψασθαι ).

The A.V. obliterates the distinction between λούω , to bathe, to apply water to the whole body, and νίπτω , to wash a part of the body. Thus, when Dorcas died (Acts 9:37) they bathed her body ( λούσαντες ). The proverb in 2 Peter 2:22, is about the sow that has been bathed all over ( λουσαμένη ). On the other hand, he who fasts must wash ( νὶψαι ) his face (Matthew 6:17). Both verbs are always used of living beings in the New Testament. The word for washing things, as nets, garments, etc., is πλύνω . See Luke 5:2. All three verbs occur in Leviticus 15:11(Sept.).

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on John 13:10". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/john-13.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all.

And so ye, having been already cleansed, need only to wash your feet - That is, to walk holy and undefiled.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on John 13:10". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/john-13.html. 1765.

The Fourfold Gospel

Jesus saith to him, He that is bathed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all1.

  1. He that is bathed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all. The language implies that the disciples had bathed before leaving Bethany, and that only their feet, soiled by the journey to Jerusalem, needed to be rewashed. The saying is spiritually true as well, for one who has been washed thoroughly by baptism needs not to be re-baptized. After that general cleansing the particular sins are removed by confession (1 John 1:7-9).

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on John 13:10". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/john-13.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

Every whit; entirely. The meaning of the remark seems to be, simply, that, for his purpose at that time, the washing of the feet was all that was necessary.

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Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on John 13:10". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/john-13.html. 1878.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

И вы чисты. Это утверждение как бы меньшая посылка в силлогизме. Отсюда следует, что омовение ног в собственном смысле приличествует одним ученикам. Однако добавляется оговорка, дабы каждый из них исследовал сам себя, и дабы Иуда, возможно, почувствовал раскаяние. Хотя Христос хотел одновременно оградить прочих учеников, дабы последовавшее вскоре жуткое преступление не смутило их души, как будто зародилось в сердце, наполненном небесной благодатью. Он намеренно не стал упоминать имя, чтобы не закрыть преступнику дверь к покаянию. Однако, несмотря на все оплакивание, увещевание Христа способствовало только отягчению Иудиной вины. Ученикам же оно принесло большую пользу, ибо отсюда ярче заблистало божество Христа. Кроме того, они поняли: чистота – редкий дар Божественного Духа.

 

 

 

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 13:10". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-13.html. 1840-57.

Scofield's Reference Notes

needeth

The underlying imagery is of an oriental returning from the public baths to his house. His feet would contract defilement and require cleansing, but not his body. So the believer is cleansed as before the law from all sin "once for all" Hebrews 10:1-12 but needs ever to bring his daily sins to the Father in confession, that he may abide in unbroken fellowship with the Father and with the Son 1 John 1:1-10. The blood of Christ answers forever to all the law could say as to the believer's guilt, but he needs constant cleansing from the defilement of sin,; Ephesians 5:25-27; 1 John 5:6. Typically, the order of approach to the presence of God was, first, the brazen altar of sacrifice, and then the laver of cleansing Exodus 40:6; Exodus 40:7. See, also, the order in Exodus 30:17-21. Christ cannot have communion with a defiled saint, but He can and will cleanse him.

washed Lit. bathed. The Greek word signifies a complete ablution. "Wash" is another word.

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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on John 13:10". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/john-13.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

10 Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all.

Ver. 10. Needeth not, save to wash his feet] For though bathed in that blessed fountain, Zechariah 13:1, and fully justified, yea, and freed from the stain and reign of sin, yet not from the relics, to keep us humble; that when we look upon our feathers, we may withal look upon the feet still defiled, and so be still cleansing ourselves "from all filthiness of flesh and spirit," 2 Corinthians 7:1. The inwards and the feet in a sacrifice were to be washed above the rest; because the entrails contain the excrements; and the legs, because they tread in the dirt. Answerable whereunto, we are called upon to wash our hearts, Jeremiah 4:14, and our feet, here. The comparison seems to be taken from those that are washed in baths; for though their whole bodies besides are washed; yet going forth, they touch the earth with their feet, and so are fain to wash again.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on John 13:10". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/john-13.html. 1865-1868.

Sermon Bible Commentary

John 13:10

The Bathed must yet be Cleansed

Even he that has plunged into the love of Christ and Christ's law, will yet soil his feet as he walks through the world, and will need perpetually to be washed as the disciples were washed on the evening of the Last Supper. In the text our Lord declared that He would wash the defilement of the feet in the ways of the world, and not merely cleanse once for all, but ever renew the cleansing as it was needed.

I. It is the sin which remains on the conscience that withers and destroys all religious life. It is the sin which, whether great or small in itself, we will not repent of; it is the sin which we are too proud to set right, that really keeps us from our Saviour. To be defeated in the spiritual warfare is a serious matter; but to keep away from the voice of the Captain, to be unwilling to fight any more, to be too much ashamed or too proud to come back and submit to His will, this is worse than all defeats. But meanwhile our Lord knows full well that we shall often be taken in all manner of faults, and He is ready to cleanse us the moment we come back to Him. If we have been separated from Him for ever so little, His heart goes out to meet us the moment we return. As the father met the prodigal son, so our Lord sees us and welcomes us when we are yet a great way off.

II. It is the readiness of repentance that marks the childlike character. Little children are easily led away, but they are easily made sorry, and easily are they brought to seek forgiveness from offended parents. And this is one of the ways in which Christians are to resemble little children. It is readiness of repentance which marks the loving temper. The self-contained, cold character feels no need of forgiveness. Such an one cannot bear to accept forgiveness, but always desires to earn it. But the loving character knows that nothing earns forgiveness so surely, so truly, as seeking for it, and all other earning should follow, not precede. If you have done wrong, know that this wrong-doing will not quench the smoking flax, but that delay in coming to Christ will. Know this, and know too that instant repentance brings you instant forgiveness; nay, more than forgiveness, love and approval and help from the Lord of all power and might.

Bishop Temple, Rugby Sermons, 2nd series, p. 116.


Whom does Christ pronounce Clean?

Consider what it was in our Lord's Apostles that made Him say to them that, with one exception, they were all clean.

I. It certainly was not because they were free from sin altogether. The Gospels contain many instances of faults, even amongst the most eminent of their number, which prove quite clearly that they were far from perfect. There were marks of ambition, of violence, of worldly-mindedness in their characters, which on different occasions drew forth our Lord's reproof. But yet He calls them clean, because as he said to them that very same evening, "Ye are they who have continued with Me" in my temptations. They were men who when many others had gone back and walked no more with Him, and when they themselves did not understand aright those words of their Lord which had given so much offence, yet replied to Him when He asked them, "Will ye also go away?" "Lord, to whom shall we go? Thou hast the words of eternal life." He calls them clean therefore, because their faith in Him had not failed; but they had continued with Him in all His temptations, and loved Him better than any other service.

II. If this is the case then, we may think at first sight that we too are all clean, because our faith in Christ has never failed us, and we have continued in His service ever since we were born. And so, indeed, we might think justly if our notions of faith were the same as those of the Scripture. But many of us cannot be said, like the Apostles, to have continued with Christ in His temptations, for we have never known what it is to struggle against temptation for Christ's sake. We have never made it our deliberate choice to abide with Him, let who would forsake Him, because we were sure that He had the words of eternal life. However much then we may be called Christians, and however little we have ever doubted the fact of Christ's life and death, we cannot on that account lay claim to that true and lively faith which Christ saw in His eleven disciples, and for which He did not hesitate to pronounce them to be "clean every whit." We are not clean, indeed, too many of us; but that Gospel which is preached unto us holds out to every one of the children of men who need it, a fountain for sin and for uncleanness, a means whereby our sins, though scarlet, may be made as white as snow, and we, like the Apostles, may stand in the sight of God as "clean every whit."

T. Arnold, Sermons, vol. ii., p. 127.


References: John 13:10.—Expositor, 2nd series, vol. iv., p. 146; D. Fraser, Metaphors of the Gospels, p. 391. John 13:12-14.—J. H. Thorn, Laws of Life after the Mind of Christ, 3rd series, p. 316. John 13:12-15.—Expository Sermons on the New Testament, p. 120. John 13:12-20.—A. B. Bruce, The Training of the Twelve, p. 351.

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Nicoll, William R. "Commentary on John 13:10". "Sermon Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sbc/john-13.html.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

10.] Reference appears to be made to the fact that one who has bathed, after he has reached his home, needs not entire washing, but only to have his feet washed from the dust of the way. This bathing, the bath of the new birth, but only yet in its foreshadowing, in the purifying effect of faith working by love, the Apostles, with one exception, had; and this foot-washing represented to them, besides its lesson of humility and brotherly love, their daily need of cleansing from daily pollution, even after spiritual regeneration, at the hands of their Divine Master. See 2 Corinthians 7:1; James 1:21; Acts 15:8-9; 2 Peter 2:22.

On καθ. ἐστε, see note, ch. John 15:3.

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on John 13:10". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/john-13.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

John 13:10. λελουμένος) λούω (whence comes λουτρόν) is said of the whole body; νίπτω of a part of it.— οὐ, not) Jesus brings back the feeling of Peter to due bounds.— πόδας, feet) which are the last in being washed, and the first in being soiled.— ὅλος, all over) when the feet have been washed.— καθαροί, clean) ch. John 15:3, “Now ye are clean through the word, which I have spoken unto you.”

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on John 13:10". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/john-13.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Look as it is with persons that have been washing themselves in a bath, when they are washed, yet walking abroad barefoot, or with thin sandals or coverings for their feet, will be again subject to pollute and dirty their feet, so as they will have frequent need to wash them again; but they need not soon again wash their whole bodies: so it is as to souls that are washed with my blood; washed, and sanctified, justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of God, (as the apostle speaketh, 1 Corinthians 6:11), their state is not to be renewed; they need not be justified a second time; but they will have need to have their feet washed, in regard of their remainder of sin and lust that is in them, and will be so while they are in the world, and the temptations which every where he in the world, as snares for their feet; they will have need of a daily washing by repentance, and fresh applications of their souls to my blood, by the repeated exercises of faith, according to their renewed and repeated acts of sin.

Ye are clean; you, who are my apostles, are clean; you are washed, you are justified, I have forgiven your sins, accepted your persons.

But not all; the most of you are so, but not all.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on John 13:10". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/john-13.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

He that is washed; that is, bathed, as the original implies, which here uses a different word from the preceding. The bathing represents "the washing of regeneration," which the apostles, with one exception, have already received.

Save to wash his feet; which have been soiled in passing from the bath to his own home. This beautifully sets forth the daily cleansing which even regenerated men need from the defilement of daily life.

Clean, but not all; washed in the bath or regeneration, with one exception.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on John 13:10". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/john-13.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

10.Needeth not save’ his feet—For in this act of washing the feet, which, being the lowest part of the body, are the emblem of our entire impure nature, the cleansing away of our entire impurity is symbolized.

Clean, but not all—Clean, not merely by this act of washing, but clean by the forgiving power of my blood; clean even in spite of their just previous contention for the precedency. For, in spite of that imperfection, there was in their heart a predominant faith in and love to him their justifying Saviour. Yet not all clean; for there was one in whom that faith and love were overborne, neutralized, and destroyed by a supreme purpose of treason.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on John 13:10". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/john-13.html. 1874-1909.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 13:10. Jesus saith to him, He that is bathed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all. The ground of the figurative language hardly needs explanation: he who has just been cleansed in the bath has only further to wash his feet as he proceeds from the bath to the banquet in order that he may sit down there wholly clean. Peter’s words had shown that he did not fully understand he application of the figure, and that he did not see that the washing of more than the feet, which had alone been in a position to contract defilement, implied that the first cleansing had not been so thorough as it really was. It was necessary, therefore, in furtherance of his training at this time, to remind him that in faith and love he had already been made completely one with Jesus, and that all now required was not an entire renewal of that first cleansing, as if men were to be born a third as well as a second time, but a preserving of it in its completeness. This was to be effected by suffering Jesus now to cleanse away any stain that could be imparted by the work of the world, but no more. A right perception of the greatness of what Christ did for us when He first united us to Himself, is as necessary to a true following of His example of love and self-denial, as is a perception of the fact that, at every step of our progress, in every part of our continued work, we need to turn to Him for the spiritualising of our earthly thoughts, the elevation of our earthly aims, and the pardon of our shortcomings and sins. Peter and the apostles ought not to forget this. They had all been truly united to Jesus except one; and there is sadness in the way in which the words are added, ‘but not all.’

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on John 13:10". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/john-13.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

John 13:10. . “He that has been in the bath has no need to wash save his feet, but is all clean.” His feet may be soiled by walking from the public bath to the supper chamber, and it is enough that they be washed. “Ad convivium vocati solebant prius in balneo lavari; in domo vero convivatoris nonnisi pedes, quibus in via pulvis aut sordes adhaeserant, a servis abluebantur, ne lecti, super quibus accumbebant, macularentur.” Wetstein. He supports the statement by many references. The added clause discloses that a spiritual sense underlies the symbol: , , “ye are clean, but not all”. All had been washed: the feet of Judas were as clean as those of Peter. But Judas was not clean.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on John 13:10". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/john-13.html. 1897-1910.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

He that is washed, &c. The feet are always apt to contract some dust or dirt; and in the mystical sense, he that is washed by the sacraments of baptism, or penance, from greater sins, must still endeavour to cleanse, and purify his affections from lesser failings of human frailty. And you, my apostles, are clean from greater offences, but not all of you, meaning the traitor Judas. (Witham) --- It is impossible that the extremities of the soul (if we may be allowed the expression) should not, as long as we tread upon this earth, receive some stain or other; although in the opinion of men, the soul appear just. Many indeed after baptism, are covered with the dust of sin, even to the head, but those who are disciples indeed, need only to wash their feet. (Origen, tract. 32. in Joan.) --- The foulness of the feet, when the rest is clean, signifies the earthly affections, and remains of former sins remitted, which are to be cleansed by devout acts of charity and humility. (St. Ambrose, lib. iii. de Sacram. chap. 1; St. Bernard, de cæn. Dom. ser. 1.) --- Though his disciples were clean, still he washed their feet, comformably to that of the Apocalypse, chap. xxii. "He that is clean, let him be cleansed still." (Origen, tract. 32. in Joan.)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on John 13:10". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/john-13.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

washed = bathed. Greek. louo. App-186. Note the distinction between washing the whole body, and washing only a part of it. Compare 1 Corinthians 6:11.

clean. Greek. katharos. Occurs twenty-seven times, translated ten times "clean", sixteen "pure", and once "clear "(Revelation 21:18) = free from impurity or dross. Used here of the eleven (Compare John 15:8), but not of Judas into whose heart Satan had "cast "the impure thought of John 13:2.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on John 13:10". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/john-13.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all.

Jesus saith to him, He that is washed, [ leloumenos (Greek #3068)] - not in the partial sense denoted by the word used for the washing of the feet, but in the complete sense denoted by the word here used, signifying to wash the entire person; as if we should render it, 'he that is bathed:'

Needeth not - to be so washed anymore; needeth no such washing a second time.

Save to wash, [ nipsasthai (G3538)] his feet - that is, 'needeth to do no more than wash his feet;' the former word being now resumed.

But is clean every whit, [ katharos (Greek #2513) holos (Greek #3650)] - 'clean as a whole,' or entirely clean. This sentence is singularly instructive. Of the two cleansings, the one points to that which takes place at the commencement of the Christian life, embracing complete absolution from sin as a guilty state, and entire deliverance from it as a polluted life (Revelation 1:5; 1 Corinthians 6:11) - or, in the language of theology, Justification and Regeneration. This cleansing is effected once for all, and is never repeated. The other cleansing, described as that of "the feet," is such, for example, as one walking from a bath quite cleansed still needs, in consequence of his contact with the earth. (Compare Exodus 30:18-19.) It is the daily cleansing which we are taught, to seek, when in the spirit of adoption we say, "Our Father which art in heaven-forgive us our debts;" and, when burdened with the sense of manifold shortcomings-as what tender heart of a Christian is not?-is it not a relief to be permitted thus to wash our feet after a day's contact with the earth? This is not to call in question the completeness of our past justification. Our Lord, while graciously insisting on washing Peter's feet, refuses to extend the cleansing further, that the symbolical instruction intended to be conveyed might not be marred.

And ye are clean - in the first and whole sense, but not all, [ all' (Greek #235) ouchi (Greek #3780) pantes (Greek #3956)] - 'yet not all;'

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 13:10". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/john-13.html. 1871-8.

The Bible Study New Testament

10. Whoever has taken a bath. Compare note on John 11:55. They had all made themselves ritually clean. Except for his feet. Their feet were dusty from walking. [Johnson sees in this: “He who is once cleansed by the blood of Christ only needs, after this, to come to Christ for partial cleansing; for the forgiveness of the special sins that make him unclean.” Compare 1 John 1:7-10.]

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on John 13:10". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/john-13.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(10) He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet.—Better, He who has bathed . . . St. Peter’s words have implied that he was wholly unclean, and needed for feet, and head, and hands, for the whole man, a moral cleansing. Christ answers that this was not so. The man who has been bathed is clean, but his feet coming in contact with the dust of the road need to be washed. It was so morally. They had been cleansed; their whole moral life had been changed, but they were liable to the corruption of every-day life through which they walked, and needed to be cleansed from the pollution of it. That day had furnished an example; their pride and self-seeking was of the spirit of the world, and not of the spirit of Christ; His act was a cleansing from that, but it did not imply that they were not clean. The lesson is that all, from Apostles downwards, need the daily renewing of the grace of God; and that none should find in failure, or even in the evil which clings to his daily path, reason for questioning the reality of the moral change which has made him the child of God.

And ye are clean, but not all.—This is the moral application, accompanied by the mournful thought that it was not true of all. One there was among those who had been bathed who had allowed evil to enter into his heart and pollute it. For him cleansing had been neglected, and the daily corruption of the world had remained; evil thoughts had been harboured, until at length they had made corrupt the whole man. (Comp. Note on John 15:4.)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on John 13:10". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/john-13.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all.
He
Leviticus 16:26,28; 17:15,16; Numbers 19:7,8,12,13,19-21; Hebrews 9:10; *Gr:
needeth
Ecclesiastes 7:20; Matthew 6:12; Romans 7:20-23; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Ephesians 4:22-24; 5:26,27; 1 Thessalonians 5:23; James 3:2; 1 John 1:7-10
but
Song of Solomon 4:7; Jeremiah 50:20; 2 Corinthians 5:17,21
ye
15:3
Reciprocal: Genesis 35:2 - clean;  Exodus 38:8 - the laver;  Exodus 40:31 - washed;  Proverbs 29:1 - GeneralJohn 6:64 - there;  John 13:5 - feet;  John 13:7 - What;  1 Corinthians 6:11 - but ye are washed

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 13:10". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/john-13.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

10.He who is washed needeth not to wash more than his feet, but is altogether clean. First, he says that believers are altogether clean; not that they are in every respect pure, so that there no longer remains in them any stain, but because they are cleansed in their chief part; that is, when sin is deprived of its kingly power, so that the righteousness of God holds the superiority; just as if we were to say, that a body was altogether healthy, Because it was not infected with any universal disease. It is by newness of life, therefore, that we must testify ourselves to be the disciples of Christ, for he declares that he is the Author of purity in all his followers.

Again, the other comparison was also applied to the case in hand, that Peter might not set aside the washing of the feet as foolish; for, as Christ washes from the head to the feet, those whom he receives as his disciples, so, in those whom he has cleansed, the lower part remains to be daily cleansed. The children of God are not altogether regenerated on the first day, so as to aim at nothing but the heavenly life; but, on the contrary, the remains of the flesh continue to dwell in them, with which they maintain a continued struggle throughout their whole life. The term feet, therefore, is metaphorically applied to all the passions and cares by which we are brought into contact with the world; for, if the Holy Spirit occupied every part of us, we would no longer have anything to do with the pollutions of the world; but now, by that part in which we are carnal, we creep on the ground, or at least fix our feet ill the clay, and, therefor are to some extent unclean. Thus Christ always finds in us something to cleanse. What is here spoken of is not the forgiveness of sins, but the renewal, by which Christ, by gradual and uninterrupted succession, delivers his followers entirely from the sinful desires of the flesh.

And you are clean. This proposition may be said to be the minor in the syllogism, and hence it follows that the washing of the feet applies to them with strict propriety.

But not all. This exception is added, that every one may examine himself, if Judas may perhaps be moved by a feeling of repentance; though he intended by it to take an early opportunity of fortifying the rest of the disciples, that they might not be perplexed by the atrocity of the crime, which was soon afterwards to be made known. Yet he purposely abstains from naming him, that he may not shut against him the gate of repentance. As that hardened hypocrite (44) was utterly desperate, the warning served only to aggravate his guilt; but it was of great advantage to the other disciples, for by means of it the Divinity of Christ was more fully made known to them, and they likewise perceived that purity is no ordinary gift of the Holy Spirit.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 13:10". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-13.html. 1840-57.