Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Joshua 11:7

So Joshua and all the people of war with him came upon them suddenly by the waters of Merom, and attacked them.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Armies;   Canaanites;   Jabin;   Merom;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Protection;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Hazor;   Jabin;   Merom;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Amorites;   Joshua the son of nun;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Camp;   Jabin;   Merom;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Barak;   Jabin;   Syria;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Amorites;   Conquest of Canaan;   Hazor;   Joshua, the Book of;   Merom;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Israel;   Jabin;   Jordan;   Joshua;   Merom, the Waters of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Galilee;   Joram;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Hazor ;   Jabin ;   Merom, Waters of (See Also Jordan, Lake of Huleh);   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Journeyings of israel from egypt to canaan;   Merom;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ja'bin;   Me'rom;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Army;   Jabin;   Joshua, Book of;   Lake;   Merom, Waters of;   Palestine;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

By the waters of Merom suddenly - Joshua, being apprised of this grand confederation, lost no time, but marched to meet them; and before they could have supposed him at hand, fell suddenly upon them, and put them to the rout.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Joshua 11:7". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/joshua-11.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Suddenly - As before, at Gibeon Joshua 10:9, so now Joshua anticipates his enemies. Taken by surprise, and hemmed in between the mountains and the lake, the chariots and horses would have no time to deploy and no room to act effectively; and thus, in all probability, the unwieldy host of the Canaanites fell at once into hopeless confusion.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Joshua 11:7". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/joshua-11.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

So Joshua came, and all the people of war with him, against them,.... Being encouraged by the Lord, they set out with Joshua at the head of them, to fight the kings and their forces. It is highly probable that these were not the whole body of armed men in the camp of Israel, but a select company Joshua took of them, and who would be able to make quicker marches on this expedition:

by the waters of Merom suddenly; the Targum is,"they lay by the waters of Merom;'as they were thoughtless and careless, and not on their guard, Joshua and his forces came to them suddenly, unawares, and they not provided for them:

and they fell upon them; at once, which threw them into disorder and confusion.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Joshua 11:7". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/joshua-11.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

So Joshua came, and all the people of war with him, against them by the waters of Merom suddenly; and they fell upon them.

Suddenly — When they least expected them, intending there to refresh, and prepare, and order themselves for the offensive war which they designed.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Joshua 11:7". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/joshua-11.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Joshua 11:7 So Joshua came, and all the people of war with him, against them by the waters of Merom suddenly; and they fell upon them.

Ver. 7. By the waters of Merom suddenly.] Like a lightbolt. Bajazet, for like cause, was surnamed Gilderun, or lightning: and of two brave Romans Lucan saith that they were

duo fulmina belli.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Joshua 11:7". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/joshua-11.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

When they least expected them, intending there to refresh, and prepare, and order themselves for the offensive war which they designed.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Joshua 11:7". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/joshua-11.html. 1685.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

So Joshua came, and all the people of war with him, against them by the waters of Merom, suddenly, and fell on them.’

The huge army gathered together, were probably still arranging tactics and leadership, not realising how close the Israelites were, when without warning the Israelite men of war, whom their scouts had probably told them were safely well out of the way, suddenly emerged and swept down on them catching them totally unawares. Their horses and chariots were unready and they panicked. They knew the fearsome reputation of these barbarians, and that they were seemingly invincible, with a God Who could do wonderful things. The alliance was a hotchpotch of armies, without unity, and may well have begun to fight each other, for in the panic they would be strangers to each other. Whatever the situation their unpreparedness resulted in panic and flight.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Joshua 11:7". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/joshua-11.html. 2013.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

7.Suddenly — Joshua’s victories were achieved by bold and unexpected strokes, appalling and disorganizing the foe by the suddenness of his assault. The Septuagint reads that he fell upon them on the “mountain slopes,” or in the hilly region, before they could deploy upon the plain by the lake and use their war chariots to any good purpose. These would only serve to obstruct their movements and impede their flight when attacked among the hills.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Joshua 11:7". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/joshua-11.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Joshua 11:7. Joshua came — against them — When they least expected him, intending there to refresh, and prepare, and order themselves for the offensive war which they designed.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Joshua 11:7". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/joshua-11.html. 1857.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

So Joshua came, and all the people of war with him, against them by the waters of Merom suddenly; and they fell upon them.

No JFB commentary on this verse.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Joshua 11:7". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/joshua-11.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(7) Suddenly.—On this occasion, as in the former campaign which began at Gibeon, Joshua surprised his adversaries by the rapidity of his movements.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Joshua 11:7". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/joshua-11.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

So Joshua came, and all the people of war with him, against them by the waters of Merom suddenly; and they fell upon them.
suddenly
10:9; 1 Thessalonians 5:2,3
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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 11:7". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/joshua-11.html.