Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Joshua 13:19

and Kiriathaim and Sibmah and Zereth-shahar on the hill of the valley,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Amorites;   Kirjathaim;   Reubenites;   Sibmah;   Topography;   Zareth-Shahar;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Amorites, the;   Reuben, the Tribe of;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Kirjathaim;   Sibmah;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Gad;   Heshbon;   Manasseh, tribe of;   Reuben;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Land (of Israel);   Easton Bible Dictionary - Mount of the Valley;   Reuben, Tribe of;   Sibmah;   Zareth-Shahar;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ashtaroth;   Kiriathaim;   Sibmah (1);   Zareth-Shahar;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Joshua, the Book of;   Kiriathaim;   Moab and the Moabite Stone;   Mount of the Valley;   Sibmah;   Tribes of Israel, the;   Zereth-Shahar;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Joshua;   Kiriathaim;   Moab, Moabites;   Numbers, Book of;   Priests and Levites;   Shaveh-Kiriathaim;   Zereth-Shahar;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Joram;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Heshbon ;   Kirjathaim ;   Sibmah ;   Zarethshahar ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Kirjathhaim;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Heshbon;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Village;   Za'reth-Sha'har;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Emims;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Joshua, Book of;   Kiriathaim;   Moab;   Mount of the Valley;   Sebam;   Siddim, Vale of;   Zereth-Shahar;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Emim;   Kirjathaim;   Moab;   War;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Kirjathaim - This city, according to Eusebius, was nine miles distant from Medeba, towards the east. It passed from the Emim to the Moabites, from the Moabites to the Amorites, and from the Amorites to the Israelites, Genesis 14:6; Deuteronomy 2:20. Calmet supposes the Reubenites possessed it till the time they were carried away by the Assyrians; and then the Moabites appear to have taken possession of it anew, as he collects from Jeremiah 48:1; etc., and Ezekiel 25:9; etc.

Sibmah - A place remarkable for its vines. See Isaiah 16:8, Isaiah 16:9, Jeremiah 48:32.

Zareth-shahar, in the mount of the valley - This probably means a town situated on or near to a hill in some flat country.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Joshua 13:19". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/joshua-13.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Kirjathaim,.... Of which See Gill on Numbers 32:37,

and Sibmah; of which See Gill on Numbers 32:3 and See Gill on Numbers 32:38,

and Zarethshahar, in the mount of the valley; which was built on one of the mountains that looked over the valley of Moab, as did Nebo, Pisgah, Abarim; perhaps it is the same place JosephusF11Antiqu. l. 13. c. 15. sect. 4. calls Zara, to which he joins the valley of the Cilicians, and mentions it along with Heshbon, Medeba, and other cities of Moab; according to AdrichomiusF12Ut supra, (Theatrum Ter. Sanct.) p. 130. , it was in the mount of the valley of Bethpeor, which next follows.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Joshua 13:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/joshua-13.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And Kirjathaim, and Sibmah, and Zarethshahar in the mount of the valley,

In the mount of the valley — In the mountain bordering upon that valley, which then was famous among the Israelites; whether that where Moses was buried, which was near to Beth-peor, Deuteronomy 34:1,6, or some other. And this clause is thought to belong to all the cities now mentioned.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Joshua 13:19". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/joshua-13.html. 1765.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

In the mountain bordering upon that valley, which then was famous among the Israelites, whether that where Moses was buried, which was near to the place here following, Beth-peor, Deuteronomy 34:1,6, or some other. And this clause is thought to belong to all the cities now mentioned.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Joshua 13:19". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/joshua-13.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

19.Kirjathaim — The word means the double city, and in the English version is sometimes written Kiriathaim. In its plain Chedorlaomer and his confederate kings smote the Emim in the days of Abraham. Genesis 14:5. There is some uncertainty as to its site, but J.L. Porter very plausibly identifies it with Kureijat, a ruined town on the southwestern slope of Jebel Attarus.

Sibmah — From Isaiah 16:8-9, and Jeremiah 48:32, this place seems to have been famous for the cultivation of the vine. According to Jerome it was hardly five hundred paces distant from Heshbon, but no trace of its name has yet been found among the ruined cities of that district.

Zareth-shahar — This place was in a mount of the valley, that is, a mountain overlooking the valley of the Jordan and Dead Sea. Seetzen conjectured that its name still lingered in the ruins of Sara, a little northwest of Jebel Attarus, and near the mouth of the Wady Zerka.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Joshua 13:19". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/joshua-13.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Joshua 13:19. In the mount of the valley — In the mount which overlooked the great plain before mentioned, or which bordered upon the valley, a mount which, it seems, was then famous among the Israelites; whether that where Moses was buried, which was near to Beth-peor, or some other.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Joshua 13:19". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/joshua-13.html. 1857.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Zareth-shahar = light of the dawn, because it catches the rays of the rising sun. Compare Subscription to Psa 22.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Joshua 13:19". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/joshua-13.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And Kirjathaim, and Sibmah, and Zarethshahar in the mount of the valley,

Kirjathaim - now Kureiyat, or Kureiyeh, at the foot of Jebel-Attarus (Genesis 14:5; Numbers 32:37; Jeremiah 48:1; Jeremiah 48:23; Ezekiel 25:9).

Sibmah - or Shebmah (Numbers 32:38; Isaiah 16:9; Jeremiah 48:32). The vineyards which once rendered it famous have entirely disappeared, and the region is an uninhabited scene of desolation. Jerome ('Onomast.') says that it was only about 500 paces from Heshbon.

Zareth-shahar in the mount of the valley, [the Vulgate reads, in the midst of the valley; but the Septuagint, en too horei Enab, in the mount Enob, meaning probably mount Nebo] - 'the name of a place situated probably upon a sunny hill, which is only mentioned here' (Rosenmuller's 'Scholia').

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Joshua 13:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/joshua-13.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Kirjathaim, and Sibmah, and Zarethshahar in the mount of the valley,
And Kirjathaim
This city, according to Eusebius, was situated ten miles west of Medeba.
Numbers 32:37,38
Sibman
Called Shibmah, Nu 32:38, and celebrated for its vines Jer 48:32. Isa 16:8, 9; on which last place, Jerome says, there were scarcely 500 paces between it and Heshbon.
Reciprocal: Genesis 14:5 - Shaveh Kiriathaim;  Jeremiah 48:23 - Kiriathaim;  Ezekiel 25:9 - Baalmeon

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 13:19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/joshua-13.html.