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People's Dictionary of the Bible


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Heshbon (hĕsh'bŏn), reason, device. A city of the Moabites, taken by Sihon, king of the Amorites, and made his capital; captured and occupied by the Israelites, Numbers 21:25-26; situated on the boundary between Reuben and Gad; rebuilt by Reuben and made a Levitical city, then being territorially a Gadite city. Numbers 32:3; Numbers 32:37; Deuteronomy 1:4; Deuteronomy 2:24-30; Deuteronomy 3:2; Deuteronomy 3:6; Deuteronomy 4:46; Deuteronomy 29:7; Joshua 9:10; Joshua 12:2; Joshua 12:5; Joshua 13:10-27; Joshua 21:39; Judges 11:19; Judges 11:26; 1 Chronicles 6:81. In later times the Moabites regained possession of Heshbon, so that it is mentioned as a Moabitish town in the prophetic denunciations against that people. Isaiah 15:4; Isaiah 16:8-9; Jeremiah 48:2; Jeremiah 48:34; Jeremiah 48:45; Jeremiah 49:3. The ruins of the city still exist some 15 miles east of the northern end of the Dead sea, on the great table land of Moab. A small hill rises 200 feet above the general level, and upon this is Heshbon, now called Hesbân. East of the city are the remains of water-courses and an enormous cistern, or "fish-pond," which illustrates Song of Solomon 7:4.

Map of Location

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Rice, Edwin Wilbur, DD. Entry for 'Heshbon'. People's Dictionary of the Bible. 1893.

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