Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Joshua 13:2

This is the land that remains: all the regions of the Philistines and all those of the Geshurites;
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Geshur;   Thompson Chain Reference - Philistia;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Lebanon;   Philistines, the;   Theocracy, the, or Immediate Government by God;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Geshur, Geshuri, Geshurites;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Caleb;   Philistia, philistines;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Joshua, Theology of;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Gaza;   Geshurites;   Lebanon;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Avim;   Beriah;   Canaan;   Geshur;   Joshua, the Book of;   Lebanon;   Philistia;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Conquest of Canaan;   Geshur;   Joshua, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Geliloth;   Geshur, Geshurites;   Joshua;   Priests and Levites;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Geshuri, Geshurites ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Philistia;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Gesh'uri;   Leb'anon,;   Philis'tines;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Geliloth;   Geshur;   Joshua, Book of;   Palestine;   Philistia;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Gentile;   Geshur, Geshurites;   Philistines;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The borders of the Philistines, and all Geshuri - The borders of the Philistines may mean the land which they possessed on the sea-coast, southwest of the land of Canaan. There were several places named Geshuri, but that spoken of here was probably the region on the south of Canaan, towards Arabia, or towards Egypt. - Calmet. Cellarius supposes it to have been a country in the vicinity of the Amalekites.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Joshua 13:2". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/joshua-13.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

This and Joshua 13:3 name the still unconquered districts in the southern half of the land, Joshua 13:4-6 those in the north.

Geshuri - A district on the south of Philistia, the inhabitants of which are again named in 1 Samuel 27:8; but are not to be confounded with the land of the Geshurites mentioned in Joshua 13:13; Joshua 12:5.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Joshua 13:2". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/joshua-13.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

This is the land that yet remaineth,.... Unconquered and not enjoyed, namely, what is after described; and this account is given for Joshua's information, that he might know what to divide, and for the people of Israel's sake, that they might know what they had a right to a claim upon; what they should endeavour to possess themselves of, and what the Lord would deliver into their hands, provided they were obedient to his will, for, because they were not, hence many of these places never came into their possession, though divided to them by lot:

all the borders of the Philistines; whose country bordered and lay upon the shores of the Mediterranean sea, in the southwest of the land of Canaan:

and all Geshuri; the principal city belonging to it is said to be in Syria, 2 Samuel 15:8; and had a king over it in the times of David, 2 Samuel 3:3; and seems never to have come into the hands of the Israelites.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Joshua 13:2". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/joshua-13.html. 1999.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

We may derive a very profitable lesson, from what is here said, of the land that still remained to be conquered! In grace, after many victories much of conflict will still continue, and never, until we are undressed for death, can we be said to be unbuckled from our armour in life. Acts 20:22-23.

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Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on Joshua 13:2". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/joshua-13.html. 1828.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

This is the land that yet remaineth: all the borders of the Philistines, and all Geshuri,

Remaineth — Unconquered by thee, and to be conquered by the Israelites, if they behave themselves aright.

All Geshuri — A people in the northeast of Canaan, as the Philistines are on the southwest.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Joshua 13:2". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/joshua-13.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Joshua 13:2 This [is] the land that yet remaineth: all the borders of the Philistines, and all Geshuri,

Ver. 2. All the borders of the Philistines.] Anciently called Caphtorims. [Deuteronomy 2:23 Amos 9:7] Their country lay along the coast of the midland sea; whereby the Israelites were kept from much trading with other nations, that they might not learn their manners. Hence Judea is called an "isle," though part of the continent. [Isaiah 20:6] Like Benjamin, who had his mess by himself.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Joshua 13:2". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/joshua-13.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Ver. 2. This is the land that yet remaineth; all the borders of the Philistines i.e. The country which they kept upon the sea-coast, to the south-west of the land of Canaan. See ch. Joshua 22:10-11.

And all Geshuri This name was given to a city and region situate on the north-east of the Holy Land, toward mount Hermon. Both of them fell to the lot of the tribe of Manasseh, Deuteronomy 3:14. Joshua 12:5. It should, however, be observed, that there was another country of Geshuri, on the south of the land of Canaan, towards Egypt, the inhabitants of which country are sometimes joined with the Amalekites. It was they who tried David's valour; 1 Samuel 27:10; 1 Samuel 30:20. There was a third city of Geshuri in Syria, the king of which protected Absalom his son-in-law, 2 Samuel 3:3; 2 Samuel 13:37; 2 Samuel 15:8 and which appears to have been not far from the land of Geshuri situate in the tribe of Manasseh, 1 Chronicles 2:23.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Joshua 13:2". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/joshua-13.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

That yet remaineth unconquered by thee, and to be conquered by the Israelites, if they behave themselves aright.

Geshuri; a people in the north-east of Canaan, of which see Deuteronomy 3:14, as the Philistines are on the southwest.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Joshua 13:2". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/joshua-13.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

2. All the borders of the Philistines — This territory is in the southern part of the Holy Land, lying on the Mediterranean. It was a confederacy of five powerful cities, Gaza, Ashdod, Ashkelon, Gath, and Ekron. These enemies of the sea-coast afterwards gave great trouble to the Hebrews.

The Philistines, according to Genesis 10:14, sprang from Mizraim. See note, Acts 8:40.

All Geshuri — Hebrew, all the Geshuri. These are not to be confounded with the Geshurites of Joshua 12:5, but were a nomadic and predatory people of the desert south of Philistia. David invaded their country and smote them while he dwelt at Ziklag. 1 Samuel 27:8.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Joshua 13:2". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/joshua-13.html. 1874-1909.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

The Philistines were not native Canaanite people. They had migrated to Canaan from the northwest. They had by this time displaced the Canaanites in the southwest portion of the Promised Land. Because the land they occupied was part of what God had promised Israel, the Israelites were responsible to drive them out too. The Israelites were not successful in doing this. The Philistines increased in power and influence over the Israelites, eventually becoming the major enemy of Israel during King Saul"s reign more than three centuries later. In Joshua"s time, however, they were a smaller, secondary target of the Israelites.

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Joshua 13:2". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/joshua-13.html. 2012.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Galilee. As Josue had been making such conquests in that part lately, some would translate Geliloth, "the confines" of the Philistines, in which sense it seems to be taken, chap. xviii. 18., and xxii. 10. (Calmet) --- Bonfrere suspects that St. Jerome wrote Galila. --- Gessuri, either near Mount Hermon, (Menochius) or bordering upon Arabia, 1 Kings xv., and xxvii. 10.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Joshua 13:2". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/joshua-13.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

borders = circuit. Hebrew. gelilah, a rare word.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Joshua 13:2". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/joshua-13.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

This is the land that yet remaineth: all the borders of the Philistines, and all Geshuri,

This is the land that yet remaineth - i:e., to be acquired. This section forms a parenthesis, in which the historian briefly notices the districts yet unsubdued-namely, first, all the borders of the Philistines. Beginning with the southwestern district and proceeding northward, the historian specifies [ g

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Joshua 13:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/joshua-13.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

This is the land that yet remaineth: all the borders of the Philistines, and all Geshuri,
the land
Exodus 23:29-31; Deuteronomy 11:23,24; Judges 3:1
borders
Genesis 10:14; 26:1; Joel 3:4
Geshuri
11,13; 12:5; 1 Samuel 27:8; 2 Samuel 3:3; 13:37,38; 15:8
Reciprocal: Joshua 23:4 - Behold;  2 Chronicles 9:26 - river;  Obadiah 1:19 - the plain

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 13:2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/joshua-13.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

2.This is the land, etc The ancient boundaries long ago fixed by God, are recalled to remembrance, in order that Joshua. and the people may feel fully persuaded that the covenant made with Abraham would be fulfilled in every part. Wherefore they are enjoined to make it their study to acquire the parts still remaining to be possessed. The inference will be appropriate if we make a practical application of this perseverance to that which is required of us, viz., to forget the things which are behind, and reach forth unto those that are before, and press toward the mark for the prize of our high calling. (Philippians 3:14.) (128) For it would be of no use to run in the race without endeavoring to reach the goal.

The boundary commenced with a river separating Egypt toward the sea from the Holy Land, and most probably the river Nile, as we interpret it according to the received opinion, or a small stream which flowed past the town of Rhinocornea, believed by many to be Raphia or Raphane. (129) It is indeed beyond dispute that the inheritance of the people commencing in that quarter was contiguous to Egypt. But although I have followed the opinion of the majority of expositors, that the boundaries were not extended further than to the less cultivated and in a manner desert land, lest greater proximity might have been injurious by leading to too close familiarity with the Egyptians, I by no means repudiate a different opinion.

The third verse raises a question. After it is said that the territories towards the sea-coast were five, a sixth is added, namely, that of the Avites. Some think that it is not counted among the five because it was an insignificant province. But I would have my readers to consider whether there may not be an indirect antithesis between a free people, their own masters, and five territories ruled by sovereigns. Hence the Avites being in different circumstances are mentioned separately, the plural number being used for the sake of distinction. In the enumeration of the sovereignties they are not arranged in the order of their dignity or opulence, but the first place is given to Aza because of its nearness to Egypt, and the same remark applies to Ashdod and the others.

The Septuagint translators, according to their usual custom, employ the Greek γ (gamma) to express the Hebrew ע (ain), and thus give the name of Gaza to that which in Hebrew is Aza, in the same way as they convert Amorrha into Gomorrha. (130) This sufficiently exposes the mistake of those who suppose that its name is Persian, and derived from its resources (131) in consequence of Cambyses, when about to carry on war in Greece, having made it the depot of his treasures. But as in the Acts, (Acts 8:26,) Luke speaks of “Gaza which is desert,” it appears that a city of the same name was erected near it, but on a different site. Ashdod is the same as that which the Greeks called Azotus. The whole of this tract, which is either on the sea-coast or verging towards it, extends as far as Sidon. And there are some who think that the Phoenicians were once masters both of Gaza and Azotus. How far Lebanon extends is sufficiently known. (132) For it sometimes comprehends Mount Hermon; and on account of its length part of it is surnamed Antilibanus. (133) The reader will find the subject of Mount Hermon considered in Deuteronomy 4:0. Towards the east is Hamath, which is also Antioch of Syria.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Joshua 13:2". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/joshua-13.html. 1840-57.