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Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("bridge".) A region N.E. of Bashan, adjoining Argob and Aram, conquered by Jair of Manasseh, but left in the hands of the original inhabitants (Joshua 13:13; Deuteronomy 3:14; 2 Samuel 15:8). "Geshur at Aram" (Hebrew), i.e. bordering on Syria of Damascus (1 Chronicles 2:23). The Geshuri bordering on the Philistines (Joshua 13:2), and invaded by David (1 Samuel 27:8), were distinct from those N.E. of Gilead. Yet there may have been some connection, a portion of the Geshurites possibly passing southwards. At least David in his wandering life formed an alliance with Talmai king of Geshur by marrying Maachah his daughter, by whom he had his handsome but worthless son Absalom and his daughter Tamar.
David's attack on the southern Geshurites, or else his stay near Moab (1 Samuel 22), may have first brought him into connection with Talmai king of the northeastern Geshur (2 Samuel 3:3; 2 Samuel 13:37.) The wild nature of Absalom accords with the wild home and stock from whence he sprang; there he fled after murdering Amnon. Geshur was probably part of the rugged Argob, now Lejah, where amidst those basaltic fastness the Geshurites would be secure from the Israelites in the plains. (See .)
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Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Geshur'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/fbd/g/geshur.html. 1949.