Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Joshua 13:31

also half of Gilead, with Ashtaroth and Edrei, the cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were for the sons of Machir the son of Manasseh, for half of the sons of Machir according to their families.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Ashtaroth;   Bashan;   Edrei;   Machir;   Og;   Topography;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Amorites, the;   Manasseh, the Tribe of;   Tribes of Israel, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ashtaroth-Karnaim;   Edrei;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Bashan;   Gad;   Gilead;   Manasseh, tribe of;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Land (of Israel);   Easton Bible Dictionary - Bashan;   Edrei;   Machir;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ashtaroth;   Bashan;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Ashtaroth;   Bashan;   Edrei;   Joshua, the Book of;   Machir;   Tribes of Israel, the;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ashtaroth;   Edrei;   Joshua;   Numbers, Book of;   Priests and Levites;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ashtaroth, Astaroth ;   Bashan ;   Edrei ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Ashtaroth;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ba'shan;   Manas'seh;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Abiezer;   Edrei;   Machir;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Ashtaroth;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Og;  

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And half Gilead,.... The other half not given to the Gadites, who had that half of it which Sihon possessed, and the tribe of Manasseh that half of it which Og possessed, see Deuteronomy 3:12,

and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan; which are particularly mentioned, because royal cities, Joshua 13:10; see Deuteronomy 1:4,

were pertaining unto the children of Machir the son of Manasseh; and who was his only son; however, to his posterity only was this inheritance given, though not to them all:

even to one half of the children of Machir, by their families; which seems to confirm it that Manasseh had no other son, since his whole posterity, both the half tribe on the other side, as well as that in the land of Canaan, were denominated from him; though he seems to have had another son, who perhaps died without issue, 1 Chronicles 7:14.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Joshua 13:31". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/joshua-13.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, [were pertaining] unto the h children of Machir the son of Manasseh, [even] to the one half of the children of Machir by their families.

(h) Meaning, his nephews and posterity.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Joshua 13:31". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/joshua-13.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were pertaining unto the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, even to the one half of the children of Machir by their families.

Children of Machir — Whom before he called the children of Manasseh, he now calls the children of Machir, because Machir was the most eminent, and as it may seem, the only surviving son of Manasseh, Numbers 26:29; 1 Chronicles 7:14-16.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Joshua 13:31". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/joshua-13.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Joshua 13:31 And half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, [were pertaining] unto the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, [even] to the one half of the children of Machir by their families.

Ver. 31. Mackir the son of Manasseh.] Whose children had taken Gilead: and therefore had the like right to it as Jacob had to that portion of ground which he gave to their great-grandfather Joseph.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Joshua 13:31". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/joshua-13.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Ver. 31. Half of the children of Machir, by their families Jair had the honour to be included, though of the tribe of Judah, because he had contributed to the conquest of the country, Numbers 32:41-42.; and was moreover great grand-son, by the grand-mother's side, of Machir, who married Hezron, of the tribe of Judah, 1 Chronicles 2:21.

Note; It is repeatedly mentioned, that the Levites had no lot among their brethren; but they had a better, Jehovah, who was their portion; and by his service they were liberally provided for. Note; They who have a portion in the Lord need not envy the world the possession of the land.

See commentary on Joshua 13:29

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Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Joshua 13:31". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/joshua-13.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The children of Machir; whom before he called the children of Manasseh, he now calls the children of machir, because Machir was the most eminent, and, as it may seem, the only surviving son of Manasseh, Numbers 26:29 1 Chronicles 7:14-16. For the other half of Machir’s or Manasseh’s children, see Joshua 17:1, &c.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Joshua 13:31". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/joshua-13.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

31.Half Gilead — The northern half, for the southern was assigned to Gad. Joshua 13:25.

Ashtaroth — Generally supposed to be identical with the Ashteroth-karnaim of Genesis 14:5. It was doubtless so called from being the seat of worship of the Phenician goddess Ashtoreth, the Greek Astarte. Its ruins are supposed to lie at the modern Tell-Astereh, some fifteen miles east of the Sea of Galilee. Edrei was the other chief city of the kingdom of Bashan, and here King Og was defeated and slain. Numbers 21:33-35. It was a stronghold among the rocks, and its ruins have been found in the modern Edra, thirty miles or more northeast of the Sea of Galilee. J.L. Porter visited the ruins a few years ago and thus wrote: “The situation is most remarkable; without a single spring of living water; without river or stream; without access, except over rocks and through defiles all but impassable; without tree or garden. In selecting the site everything seems to have been sacrificed to security and strength. The huge masses of shattered masonry could scarcely be distinguished from the rocks that encircled them, and all, ruins and rocks alike, are black as if scathed by lightning.”

Unto the children of Machir — “Because he was a man of war, therefore he had Gilead and Bashan.” Joshua 17:1.

Even to the one half — The heads of the families of this half are named in 1 Chronicles 5:24.]

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Joshua 13:31". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/joshua-13.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Joshua 13:31. Children of Machir — Whom before he called the children of Manasseh, he now calls the children of Machir, because Machir was the most eminent, and, as it may seem, the only surviving son of Manasseh, Numbers 26:29; 1 Chronicles 7:14-16.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Joshua 13:31". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/joshua-13.html. 1857.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Machir. Compare Numbers 32:39.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Joshua 13:31". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/joshua-13.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were pertaining unto the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, even to the one half of the children of Machir by their families.

Pertaining unto the children of Machir - (see the note at Joshua 17:2; Numbers 26:29-33; 1 Chronicles 5:23-24.)

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Joshua 13:31". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/joshua-13.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were pertaining unto the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, even to the one half of the children of Machir by their families.
Ashtaroth
12:4
the children of Machir by
Numbers 32:39,40
Reciprocal: Genesis 14:5 - Ashteroth;  Deuteronomy 3:4 - all his cities;  Deuteronomy 3:10 - Edrei;  Joshua 22:9 - the country of Gilead;  Judges 5:17 - Gilead;  1 Chronicles 7:14 - Machir;  Obadiah 1:19 - Benjamin

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 13:31". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/joshua-13.html.