Attention!
Tired of seeing ads while studying? Now you can enjoy an "Ads Free" version of the site for as little as 10¢ a day and support a great cause!
Click here to learn more!

Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Leviticus 25:4

but during the seventh year the land shall have a sabbath rest, a sabbath to the Lord ; you shall not sow your field nor prune your vineyard.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Agriculture;   Holiday;   Pruning;   Sanitation;   Thompson Chain Reference - Land;   Sabbatic Year;   Year;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Feast of Sabbatical Year, the;   Holy Land;   Seed;   Vineyards;   Years;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jubilee;   Poor;   Vine;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Nature;   Sabbath;   Sabbatical year;   Seven;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Jubilee, Year of;   Sabbath;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Agriculture;   Festivals, Religious;   Sabbatical Year;   Seven;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Agriculture;   Sabbatical Year;   Year;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Economic Life;   Festivals;   Field;   Leviticus;   Number Systems and Number Symbolism;   Pentateuch;   Sabbatical Year;   Seventy Years;   Vine;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Canon of the Old Testament;   Congregation, Assembly;   Crimes and Punishments;   Deuteronomy;   Hexateuch;   Holiness;   Law;   Leviticus;   Poverty;   Priests and Levites;   Rest;   Sabbatical Year;   Sanctification, Sanctify;   Vine, Vineyard;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Debt, Debtor (2);   Poverty (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Jubilee;   Sabbatical Year;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Feasts;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jubilee;   Sabbath;   Year sabbatical;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Law of Moses;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Weeks;   Year;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Calendar;   Sabbath and Feasts;   Time Given to Religion;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Agrarian Laws;   Feasts, and Fasts;   Law in the Old Testament;   Leviticus;   Rest;   Sabbatical Year;   Vine;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Agriculture;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Abrogation of Laws;   Commandments, the 613;   Mishnah;   Shebi'it;   Talmud;  

Bridgeway Bible Commentary



Sabbatical and jubilee years (25:1-34)

When the Israelites conquered Canaan and divided it among their tribes and families, they were not to be selfish or greedy in their use of the land. Just as people and their working animals were to rest one day in seven, so the land was to rest one year in seven. The lack of cultivation during this seventh or sabbatical year gave people the opportunity to recognize in a special way that God was the rightful owner of the land. At the same time it gave the land the opportunity to renew its powers of reproduction (25:1-7; cf. Exodus 23:10-11).

After seven lots of seven years there was an additional sabbath year called the jubilee, or fiftieth year (GNB: the Year of Restoration). In this year all land that had been sold or otherwise changed hands during the previous fifty years returned to the original owner. This helped maintain the fairness of the original distribution of the land. It prevented the poor from losing their family property permanently, and prevented the rich from gaining control of the whole land (8-12).
In view of the return of all land to the original owner in the fiftieth year, the sale price had to be reduced from its original value, so that it was proportionate to the number of years that remained till the fiftieth year. People were to be honest in their buying and selling of land, and not cheat each other (13-17).

People had no reason to fear a shortage of food during the sabbatical and jubilee years. Whatever grew of itself during the ‘rest’ years was sufficient for the poor and for the flocks and herds (see v. 6,7,12; Exodus 23:10-11). In addition God would bless every sixth year with double, and the forty-eighth year with triple, the normal produce. This would ensure enough food throughout the sabbatical and jubilee years (18-22). The people were not to act as if they owned the land and could do as they liked with it. God was the owner; they were merely tenants (23-24).

If people needed money they could sell their land, but as soon as possible either they or a close relative had to buy it back (redeem it). The price again depended on how many years remained till the next jubilee, when normally they would receive all their land back free (25-28).
These laws for the return of land in the year of jubilee applied to all land in the country regions, such as farm and pastoral land, country villages, and districts where the Levites lived and kept their flocks. The only place where they did not apply was in the walled cities, where houses were close together and occupied very little land. The interests of such people were usually commercial and had nothing to do with the cultivation of the land and its ‘rest’ years (29-34; cf. v. 15-16).

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Flemming, Donald C. "Commentary on Leviticus 25:4". "Brideway Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bbc/leviticus-25.html. 2005.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

A sabbath of rest - See Leviticus 23:3 note. The express prohibition of sowing and reaping, and of pruning and gathering, affords a presumption in favor of the sabbatical year beginning, like the year of Jubilee Leviticus 25:9, in the first month of the civil year Leviticus 23:24, the seventh of the sacred year, when the land was cleared of the crops of the preceding year.

The great material advantage of the institution must have been the increased fertility of the soil from its lying fallow one year out of seven, at a time when neither the rotation of crops nor the art of manuring were understood. It must also have kept up a salutary habit of economy in the storing of grain. Compare Genesis 41:48-56. Its great spiritual lesson was that there was no such thing as absolute ownership in the land vested in any man, that the soil was the property of Yahweh, that it was to be held in trust for Him, and not to be abused by overworking, but to be made the most of for the good of every creature which dwelt upon it.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Leviticus 25:4". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/leviticus-25.html. 1870.

Chuck Smith Bible Commentary

Now as we get into chapter twenty-five, they were to give the land a Sabbath day's rest or Sabbath year. They were to plant the land for six years, the seventh year they were to let the land rest. Really, I like these laws of God. Man, you've got a lot of seven-day holidays spread through the year. Then every seventh year, you just kick back and take the year off. You don't even plant anything in that year; you just let grow up whatever grows up and you eat that. But God said, "If you will do this in the sixth year I will cause your crops to be so bountiful that I'll give you a three year's crop in the sixth year so that it'll carry you through, clear, and over until you are harvesting from the eighth year. If you'll just follow this," God said, "I'll let you have the whole year off. You just eat what grows up wild. But in the sixth year you'll have a triple crop that'll carry you clear on over to the harvesting of the eighth year."

Now I would venture to declare to you that some, what do they call them, agronomists, or agriologists or something, one of these guys in the field of agronomy. Agronomist? Thank you. Some day an agronomist is gonna come up with a fascinating discovery; that if you just let the ground lie in the seventh year that it has a tremendous regenerative effect upon the land. That has a way of coming out in the sixth year, that you just have a bumper crop. I'm sure that it is a natural law that God has established; that if people would follow it, they would find tremendous success. They could actually have a year's vacation every seven years.

Now this is the law that God, we were talking about spiritual laws, and when we get to it, God said, "Now if you'll just walk in it, this is what I'm gonna do. You'll have plenty. Your vintage will last till the vintage season." I'm sure that they'll discover that the ground will produce much better in the six years, and that your overall crops, and just growing for six years, and letting the thing lie in the seventh year, your overall crop would actually be greater than growing it all seven years. I'm certain that it is true. But you see people say; "I don't understand how that could work." And you get a bunch of egghead scientists that say, "Oh, there's no way that could work," and they put it down. But I'm sure it would. It's there. It's a part of the laws that God has established. Farmers could have it so easy, or so much easier. I don't suppose a farmer ever has it easy. I don't think it's easy getting up that early in the morning, but they could have it so much easier the seventh year. Just enjoy, you know.

Now when the people came into the land they didn't follow this. They were a bunch of smarties just like you are. So they figured, "Oh well, we'll really make it next year. Look at the bumper crop we had this year. Ah, let's plant it this next year. We'll really go for it." They were constantly struggling with a land plagued with drought, over producing the land so that it was weakening the soil processes. Just weakening the soil, its fertility. They disobeyed the laws of God.

So after four hundred and ninety years of being in the land, God said, "All right, that's it. Every seventh year the land was to have a rest. You haven't given it any rest since you've come in. This poor land had been worked for four hundred and ninety years. It never did get its Sabbaths. So I'm gonna set you over in Babylon for seventy years so that the land can get its Sabbaths. And the land is gonna get its rest. It's gonna rest for seventy years because you didn't give it its Sabbaths." Because in the four hundred and ninety years, there would have been seventy of these Sabbath year rests. So God gave it the rest anyhow.

But the people look at the benefit they missed of a vacation, a year vacation every seven years. You know, I like the programs of God. I don't see anything wrong with this at all. I think it's pretty, I think God's pretty generous really with man.

Seventh year shall be a sabbath rest: thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune your vineyard. ["Just stay out of it; just rest."] That which grows of its own accord of your harvest thou shalt not reap ( Leviticus 25:4-5 ),

Just leave it there for the poor people, for the servants, let them come in and let them have it. Whatever grows on your grapevines or your fruit trees, just let it be for the people to come in and take it in the seventh year, because God will give you enough, a triple crop in the sixth year.

Then there was to be a-they would count seven Sabbath years, and then the next year, the fiftieth year was a special one. So you got every fifty years, you got two years' vacation. This was the Year of Jubilee, a year of real celebration. All debts were canceled, all mortgages were canceled, all the slaves were set free, a Year of Jubilee every fifty years. That was equivalent to the Pentecost. You count seven Sabbaths and the next day, the fiftieth day was the Pentecost. So they did it with years. You count seven of the Sabbath year cycles, and then the next year, the fiftieth year, a special Year of Jubilee.

We are close to a Jubilee year right now. Whether or not it's this year or next year, or eighty-one, it's right in here close. And there are varied opinions as to when the Jubilee Year actually is taking place. Some have marked it, a few have marked it seventy-nine, some have marked it eighty-one, and many have marked it eighty. Who am I to mark a year? But it'd be nice, take a year off. You know, after all if next year's gonna be the Jubilee Year, this means this is the rest year anyhow. So go for it. But the year Jubilee.

He now deals with the laws in regards to the Year of Jubilee, beginning with verse eight.

Cause the trumpet of the jubilee to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month ( Leviticus 25:9 ),

That was a day that we've already studied. What was the tenth day of the seventh month? Yom Kippur; good.

And then ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land of the inhabitants thereof: [The Year of Jubilee.] Return every man unto his possession, and return every man unto his family. A jubilee in that fiftieth year be unto you: and ye shall not sow, neither reap that which grows of itself, nor gather the grapes in it undressed. For it is the jubilee; it shall be holy unto you: and ye shall eat of the increase thereof out of the field. And in the year of the jubilee ye shall return every man unto his possession. And if you sell off to your neighbour, you buy something from your neighbour's hand, ye shall not oppress one another: According to the number of years after the jubilee thou shalt buy of thy neighbour, according to the number of years of the fruits he shall sell unto thee ( Leviticus 25:10-15 ):

In other words, you never really bought the land; you leased the land and the lease would go until the Year of Jubilee. So you always figured the price by the number of years until the Year of Jubilee. In other words, if the Year of Jubilee was forty years away, you'd have to pay a pretty good piece of cash for the land. But if the Year of Jubilee was maybe just three years away, then you always measured the price by the distance of the Year of Jubilee because in the Year of Jubilee the land always returned unto the original ownership.

The same was true of the servants; they were to go free. The slaves were to go free in that Year of Jubilee.

The land shall not be sold forever: [verse twenty-three] for the land is mine; [In other words, God says, "The land is mine, you're not to sell it for ever."] for you are strangers and sojourners with me ( Leviticus 25:23 ).

In other words, "You're my guests", God is saying, "this land is Mine; you're My guests." It's always an interesting thing to me when I go over to the land; I love it because I think, "Wow Lord, this is Your land, and I'm just journeying with You. I'm a sojourner with You. Your land, so I'm just sojourning through Your land here." I love to sojourn through the Lord's land of Israel. It's a fascinating experience.

Now if your brother is poor, and he sold away some of his possessions, and then his next of kin can redeem it, and shall redeem what his brother has sold [so that it stays with the family] ( Leviticus 25:25 ).

The various laws of redemption are given to us here in the twenty-fifth chapter of Leviticus. These are important laws, for they pertain to us, for we are redeemed by the blood of Jesus Christ. This idea of being set free in the seventh year, or in the Jubilee Year. If you purchased a slave who was a Jew, he would serve you for six years; the seventh year he was to be set free.

Now there is that interesting pattern of the six years of servitude, the seventh year being the year of liberty being set free. I see it really in the earth. I believe that Adam sold out the possession that God had given to him just about six thousand years ago. How close to the six thousand years, nobody really knows, awfully close now though, because we do know that Adam sold out to Satan. If you take the figures out of the Bible and add them all up, the ages of each person and all, you come to about 4000 B.C. that Adam sinned against God and gave the earth over to Satan.

Now we are in 1979, coming towards the close of it. So you've got a few years divergency here that could be eaten up in several different ways. We are approaching, certainly approaching, and at least at the longest, we are less than twenty years from six thousand years of slavery to sin to Satan, his possession of this earth.

Now we know that there is a thousand-year period coming of restoration, of a righteous reign of Jesus Christ of peace and glory upon the earth. The fact that the six thousand years are almost over is extremely exciting to me, because I am personally convinced that the seventh millennium of the earth will be the glorious Kingdom Age, and we can't be more than twenty years away. Now I'm excited about that. And to me there's nothing of doom and gloom but glory to God, the mess is over. Oh, I'm so excited. What an exciting time to be living. The close of this age, the close of this millennium, the close of this final millennium prior to that glorious seventh millennium, the millennial reign of Christ. He shall rule and reign for a thousand years upon the earth. He's gonna rule and reign forever, a thousand of it will be here upon the earth, and we shall rule and reign with Him as kings and priests. Can you imagine that? How close we are, whoosh it's exciting. I love it.

So this whole law of redemption through chapter twenty-five, the redemption of the poor brother by the kinsman redeemer. What a picture of Christ. The man is unable to redeem himself; his next of kin can move in and redeem it for him.

Now man could not redeem the world himself, so Christ became a man so He could be next of kin to man, so that He could redeem the earth back unto God. Necessary that He become a man, that He become our brother, that He might become our kinsman Redeemer. That which man could not do, Jesus Christ has done. In Revelation, chapter five, when we get into heaven and we're beholding that glorious scene, and we see the angel with the scroll, the title deed of the earth with seven seals writing within and without, standing there proclaiming, "Who is worthy to take this scroll and to loose the seals?"( Revelation 5:2 ).

Here is this whole thing of redemption. Adam forfeited the world over to Satan. It's his possession. He said to Jesus, "It's mine, I can give it to whomever I will." Who is able to redeem now the earth? John began to sob convulsively because no man was found worthy to take the scroll and to loose the seals. That's right, no man can do it.

And as John was weeping the others said, "Weep not John, behold the Lion of the tribe of Judah hath prevailed to take the scroll and loose the seals, and I beheld Him as a lamb that had been slaughtered. And He came, and He took the scroll out of the right hand of Him who sat upon the throne. And as He did, the elders and the cherubim came forth with the golden vials full of odours, which were the prayers of the saints. And they sang a new song saying, Worthy is the Lamb to take the scroll and loose the seals, for He was slain and hath redeemed us by His blood out of all the nations and tribes, tongues, and people, and has made us unto our God a kingdom of priests, and we shall reign with Him on the earth"( Revelation 5:5-10 ). Oh how I long for that day when I'm standing there at the throne of God, singing that glorious song of the redeemed and the worthiness of Jesus Christ.

So this law was put in here for your benefit that you might understand just exactly why Jesus became a man, why it was necessary that He become a man in order that He might be a kinsman redeemer. So there in chapter twenty-five, you'll find it fascinating in that regards. You might want to look at it more carefully.

"





Copyright Statement
Copyright © 2014, Calvary Chapel of Costa Mesa, Ca.
Bibliographical Information
Smith, Charles Ward. "Commentary on Leviticus 25:4". "Chuck Smith Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/csc/leviticus-25.html. 2014.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

1. The sabbatical year 25:1-7

As God ordered the people to rest every seventh day, so He ordered them to let the land rest every seventh year. By resting the people renewed their strength and rejuvenated their productivity in His service. By resting the land’s strength likewise revived and its productivity increased. Modern agronomists have supported the practice of allowing land to lie fallow periodically. God did not want the Israelites to work the land "to death" (i.e., to rape their environment). It belonged to God. Ecologists have argued for the same careful use of the environment that God required of His people. By using the land properly the Israelites sanctified their possession of it. They set it apart to God.

The people were to regard the crops that grew up during the sabbatical year as an offering to Yahweh. God told them not to harvest them. He permitted the slaves, hired people, foreign residents, aliens, cattle, and animals (Leviticus 25:6-7) to eat freely of what was His.

"From this, Israel, as the nation of God, was to learn, on the one hand, that although the earth was created for man, it was not merely created for him to draw out its powers for his own use, but also to be holy to the Lord, and participate in His blessed rest; and on the other hand, that the great purpose for which the congregation of the Lord existed, did not consist in the uninterrupted tilling of the earth, connected with bitter labour in the sweat of his brow (Gen. iii. 17, 19), but in the peaceful enjoyment of the fruits of the earth, which the Lord their God had given them, and would give them still without the labour of their hands, if they strove to keep His covenant and satisfy themselves with His grace." [Note: Keil and Delitzsch, 2:457. See N. P. Lemche, "The Manumission of Slaves - The Fallow Year - The Sabbatical Year - The Jobel Year," Vetus Testamentum 26 (January 1976):38-59; and Don Blosser, "The Sabbath Year Cycle in Josephus," Hebrew Union College Annual (1981):129-39.]

"In its overall plan, the Sabbath year was to be a replication of God’s provisions for humankind in the Garden of Eden. When God created human beings and put them into the Garden, they were not to work for their livelihood but were to worship . . . So also in the Sabbath year, each person was to share equally in all the good of God’s provision (Leviticus 25:6). In the Garden, God provided for the man and woman an eternal rest (cf. Genesis 2:9, the Tree of Life; Genesis 3:22 b) and time of worship, the Sabbath (Genesis 2:3). The Sabbath year was a foretaste of that time of rest and worship. Here, as on many other occasions, the writer has envisioned Israel’s possession of the ’good land’ promised to them as a return to the Garden of Eden." [Note: Sailhamer, p. 361.]

"God’s people must order their lives to harmonize with their belief that the bounty of the earth they share is from the sovereign Creator of the earth." [Note: Ross, p. 453.]

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Leviticus 25:4". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/leviticus-25.html. 2012.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

F. Sanctification of the possession of land by the sabbatical and jubilee years ch. 25

Chapter 25 concludes the laws God gave the Israelites on Mt. Sinai. It contains the only legislation on the subject of land ownership in the Pentateuch. These laws regarding the Promised Land correspond to the laws Moses previously gave regarding the people of Israel. God owned both the Israelites and the land He was giving them.

"The central theme of this last set of instructions is that of restoration. Israel’s life was to be governed by a pattern of seven-year periods, Sabbath years. After seven periods of seven years, in the Year of Jubilee, there was to be total restoration for God’s people." [Note: Sailhamer, p. 361.]

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Leviticus 25:4". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/leviticus-25.html. 2012.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest unto the land,.... From all tillage of it, from planting and cultivating any sort of trees in it; and even from digging pits, ditches; and caves, as say the Jewish writers m: and this was typical of that rest which believers enter into under the Gospel dispensation, and of the rest in the new Jerusalem state, and especially in the ultimate glory; not only from the labours of the body, but of the mind, through sin, Satan, doubts and fears, and through conflicts with various enemies, and when even all spiritual labours and services will be at an end but that of praise:

a sabbath for the Lord; for his honour and glory, to ascertain his property in the land, to show the power of his providence, and display his goodness in his care of all creatures, without any means used by them:

thou shalt neither sow thy field nor prune thy vineyard; under which are comprehended all acts of agriculture, which respect the cultivation of vines, olives, figs, and, according to the Misnah n, there were some instruments which it was not lawful to sell to an artificer in the seventh year, such as a plough, with all belonging to it, a yoke, a fan, a spade, but he may sell him a scythe, or a sickle, or a cart, and all its instruments; and which the commentators o interpret of one that is suspected of working in that year; the house of Shammai say, an heifer that ploughed might not be sold that year.

m Torat Cohenim apud Yalkut, ut supra. (par. 1. fol. 191. 1.) n Sheviith, c. 5. sect. 6. o Maimon. & Bartenora in ib.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Leviticus 25:4". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/leviticus-25.html. 1999.

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary on the Bible

The Sabbatical Year. B. C. 1490.

      1 And the LORD spake unto Moses in mount Sinai, saying,   2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye come into the land which I give you, then shall the land keep a sabbath unto the LORD.   3 Six years thou shalt sow thy field, and six years thou shalt prune thy vineyard, and gather in the fruit thereof;   4 But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest unto the land, a sabbath for the LORD: thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard.   5 That which groweth of its own accord of thy harvest thou shalt not reap, neither gather the grapes of thy vine undressed: for it is a year of rest unto the land.   6 And the sabbath of the land shall be meat for you; for thee, and for thy servant, and for thy maid, and for thy hired servant, and for thy stranger that sojourneth with thee,   7 And for thy cattle, and for the beast that are in thy land, shall all the increase thereof be meat.

      The law of Moses laid a great deal of stress upon the sabbath, the sanctification of which was the earliest and most ancient of all divine institutions, designed for the keeping up of the knowledge and worship of the Creator among men; that law not only revived the observance of the weekly sabbath, but, for the further advancement of the honour of them, added the institution of a sabbatical year: In the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest unto the land,Leviticus 25:4; Leviticus 25:4. And hence the Jews collect that vulgar tradition that after the world has stood six thousand years (a thousand years being to God as one day) it shall cease, and the eternal sabbath shall succeed--a weak foundation on which to build the fixing of that day and hour which it is God's prerogative to know. This sabbatical year began in September, at the end of harvest, the seventh month of their ecclesiastical year: and the law was, 1. That at the seed-time, which immediately followed the end of their in-gathering, they should sow no corn in their land, and that they should not in the spring dress their vineyards, and consequently that they should not expect either harvest or vintage the next year. 2. That what their ground did produce of itself they should not claim any property or use in, otherwise than from hand to mouth, but leave it for the poor, servants, strangers, and cattle, Leviticus 25:5-7; Leviticus 25:5-7. It must be a sabbath of rest to the land; they must neither do any work about it, nor expect any fruit from it; all annual labours must be intermitted in the seventh year, as much as daily labours on the seventh day. The Jews say they "began not to reckon for the sabbatical year till they had completed the conquest of Canaan, which was in the eighth year of Joshua; the seventh year after that was the first sabbatical year, and so the fiftieth year was the jubilee." This year there was to be a general release of debts (Deuteronomy 15:1; Deuteronomy 15:2), and a public reading of the law in the feast (Deuteronomy 31:10; Deuteronomy 31:11), to make it the more solemn. Now, (1.) God would hereby show them that he was their landlord, and that they were tenants at will under him. Landlords are wont to stipulate with their tenants when they shall break up their ground, how long they shall till it, and when they shall let it rest: God would thus give, grant, and convey, that good land to them, under such provisos and limitations as should let them know that they were not proprietors, but dependents on their Lord. (2.) It was a kindness to their land to let it rest sometimes, and would keep it in heart (as our husbandmen express it) for posterity, whose satisfaction God would have them to consult, and not to use the ground as if it were designed only for one age. (3.) When they were thus for a whole year taken off from all country business, they would have the more leisure to attend the exercises of religion, and to get the knowledge of God and his law. (4.) They were hereby taught to be charitable and generous, and not to engross all to themselves, but to be willing that others should share with them in the gifts of God's bounty, which the earth brought forth of itself. (5.) They were brought to live in a constant dependence upon the divine providence, finding that, as man lives not by bread alone, so he has bread, not by his own industry alone, but, if God pleases, by the word of blessing from the mouth of God, without any care or pains of man, Matthew 4:4. (6.) They were reminded of the easy life man lived in paradise, when he ate of every good thing, not, as since, in the sweat of his face. Labour and toil came in with sin. (7.) They were taught to consider how the poor lived, that did neither sow nor reap, even by the blessing of God upon a little. (8.) This year of rest typified the spiritual rest which all believers enter into through Christ, our true Noah, who giveth us comfort and rest concerning our work, and the toil of our hands, because of the ground which the Lord hath cursed,Genesis 5:29. Through him we are eased of the burden of worldly care and labour, both being sanctified and sweetened to us, and we are enabled and encouraged to live by faith. And, as the fruits of this sabbath of the land were enjoyed in common, so the salvation wrought out by Christ is a common salvation; and this sabbatical year seems to have been revived in the Christian church, when the believers had all things common,Acts 2:44.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Henry, Matthew. "Complete Commentary on Leviticus 25:4". "Matthew Henry Complete Commentary on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mhm/leviticus-25.html. 1706.