Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 16:11

Therefore if you have not been faithful in the use of unrighteous wealth, who will entrust the true riches to you?
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Faithfulness;   Jesus, the Christ;   Mammon;   Probation;   Servant;   Worldliness;   Scofield Reference Index - Parables;   The Topic Concordance - Faith/faithfulness;   Unjustness;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Faithfulness;   Servants;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Mammon;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Parables;   Wealth;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Heaven, Heavens, Heavenlies;   Tithe, Tithing;   Wealth;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Mammon;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Judas Iscariot;   Revelation of John, the;   Versions;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Luke, Gospel of;   Mammon;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Almsgiving ;   Asceticism (2);   Circumstantiality in the Parables;   Common Life;   Discourse;   Faithfulness (2);   Indolence;   Mammon;   Paradox;   Property (2);   Questions and Answers;   Redemption (2);   Righteous, Righteousness;   Selfishness;   Social Life;   Spiritualizing of the Parables;   Steward, Stewardship;   Teaching of Jesus;   Wealth (2);   Winter ;   Worldliness (2);   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Mammon;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Rich (and forms);  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Bible, the;   Lazarus;   Mammon;   Steward;   Trade;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Who will commit … - If you are not faithful in the small matters pertaining to this world, if you do not use aright your property and influence, you cannot expect that God will commit to you the true riches of his grace. Men who are dishonest and worldly, and who do not employ the deceitful mammon as they ought, cannot expect to grow in grace. God does not confer grace upon them, and their being unfaithful in earthly matters is evidence that they “would be” also in much greater affairs, and would likewise “misimprove” the true riches.

True riches - The graces of the gospel; the influences of the Spirit; eternal life, or religion. The riches of this world are false, deceitful, not to be trusted Luke 16:9; the treasures of heaven are “true,” faithful, never-failing, Matthew 6:19-20.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/luke-16.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true riches.

Every man is but a steward of God's gifts, even including life; and if he should misuse these which, in a sense, are only loaned to him, how would God give to him, as his very own possession, such a thing as eternal life? On the "unrighteous mammon," see under Luke 16:9, above.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/luke-16.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

If therefore ye have not been faithful,.... This is the application of the above proverbial expressions, and seems to be directed to the disciples of Christ, though not without a view to the covetous Scribes and Pharisees, who were in hearing of it, and were disturbed at it, Luke 16:14 and the meaning is, that whereas some of them might have been unfaithful, and have acted the unjust part of gathering of riches, as Matthew, and other publicans, that were now become the followers of Christ; if therefore they should be unfaithful

in the unrighteous mammon; in the disposing of it to improper uses, which was either unrighteously gotten, and therefore called, as it sometimes was, ממון דרשע, "mammon of ungodliness", or "ungodly mammon"F24Targum in Hab. ii. 9. ; or, which was fallacious, deceitful, vain, and transitory:

who will commit to your trust the true riches; or mammon? that is, how should you expect to be intrusted with the riches of grace, as the blessings and promises of the covenant of grace, the graces of the Spirit of God, which truly enrich persons, and are solid and durable? or the riches of glory, the better and more enduring substance in heaven, signified by a kingdom, and an inheritance that fadeth not away? so the Jews call the good things of another world, and sayF25Tzeror Hammor, fol. 23. 2. , that

"all the good things of this world are not טובות אמתיות, "true good things", in comparison of the good things of the world to come.'

And they use the same distinction with respect to "mammon", as here:

"the holy, blessed God, they sayF26Shemot Rabba, sect. 31. fol. 134. 4. , gives him, ממון של אמת, "mammon of truth", or true mammon; and he makes it שקר, "false", or deceitful:'

or rather the rich treasure of the Gospel is meant, called a treasure in earthen vessels, and the unsearchable riches of Christ; and is comparable to, and of more worth than gold, silver, and precious stones. And so the Syriac version renders it, "who will trust you with the truth?" with the truth of the Gospel.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-16.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the c true [riches]?

(c) That is, heavenly and true riches, which are contrary to material wealth which is worldly and quickly departing.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/luke-16.html. 1599-1645.

John Lightfoot's Commentary on the Gospels

11. If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true riches?

[If ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, &c.] The Vulgar, If ye have not been faithful in the unjust mammon: it is not ill rendered. But can any one be faithful in the unrighteous mammon? As to that, let us judge from the example of Zaccaeus: although he was not faithful in scraping together any thing unjustly, yet was he eminently faithful in so piously distributing it.

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Lightfoot, John. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". "John Lightfoot Commentary on the Gospels". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jlc/luke-16.html. 1675.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Faithful in the unrighteous mammon (εν τωι αδικωι μαμωναιen tōi adikōi mamōnāi). In the use of what is considered “unrighteous” as it so often is. Condition of the first class, “if ye did not prove to be” (ει ουκ εγενεστεei ouk egenesthe). Failure here forfeits confidence in “the true riches” (το αλητινονto alēthinon). There is no sadder story than to see a preacher go down by the wrong use of money, caught in this snare of the devil.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-16.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Faithful

Fidelity is, therefore, possible toward the unrighteous mammon.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/luke-16.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true riches?

Who will intrust you with the true riches? — How should God intrust you with spiritual and eternal, which alone are true riches?

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/luke-16.html. 1765.

The Fourfold Gospel

If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon1, who will commit to your trust the true [riches]2?

  1. If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon. The word "unrighteous" is here used to mean "deceitful", as opposed to "true".

  2. Who will commit to your trust the true [riches]? Worldly riches deceive us by being temporal and transitory, while the true riches are eternal. See 2 Corinthians 4:18.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-16.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

In the unrighteous mammon; that is, in the care of money.

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Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/luke-16.html. 1878.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

11 If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true riches?

Ver. 11. In the unrighteous mammon] Or the uncertain, vain, deceitful wealth of this world, which yet most rich men trust in, as if simply the better or safer for their abundance. Hence Drusius derives mammon from amans, which signifieth to trust.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-16.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Luke 16:11. The true riches? The word riches is substituted by our translators, instead of mammon, which was the word that Christ intended, and which, for that reason, should find its place in the translation of this verse. Dr. Heylin renders it, If you have not been faithful in the false mammon, who will trust you with the true? See on Matthew 6:24.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/luke-16.html. 1801-1803.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 16:11. ἑν, in the case of) i.e. when so small a matter is at stake.— ἀδικῳ, the unjust [unrighteous] The unjust mammon is opposed to the true [good]: and by a metonymy of the consequent [unjust] for the antecedent [worthless at least], it is used for that which is least and worthless; inasmuch as by reason of its worthlessness, it is committed and given even to unjust and faithless men; nay, to these especially, because they, with their whole soul and body, seize upon it and devote themselves to it, and esteem it as their one and only good, Luke 16:25. [Abraham says to Dives, “Thy good things”]. Every great thing has, through men’s instrumentality either lately or formerly, contracted some stain of injustice. What an amount of injustice must the transference of ownerships throughout so many ages have been liable to impart to the tenures of property, even though at the present time the possessors may hold their property in all good faith?— πιστοὶ, faithful) External goods are given by way of a test to prove them.— οὐκ ἐγένεσθε, ye have not become [Engl. Ver. not so well, “ye have not been”]) having laid aside the faithlessness which was in you. This is the signification of the verb γίνομαι [as distinguished from εἰμι].— τὸ ἀληθινὸν, the true) Jesus speaks according to the heavenly sense [perception of the relative value of things]. The true good is that which is spiritual and eternal. Its preciousness is not equally liable to be exposed to the risk of faithless stewardship (management). No loss is sustained in the case of [this] mammon.— τίς, who) i.e. not I, nor my Father will.— πιστεύσει, will commit) in this life, where the danger is of faithlessness.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-16.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

This verse now opposeth the unrighteous mammon to the true riches, which would strongly incline one to think, that by the mammon of unrighteousness, before mentioned, our Saviour meant only false and deceitful riches. By the true riches I cannot think is meant the gospel, which indeed is said to be committed to trust of the ministers, but not of all Christians. I had rather interpret it of special, effectual grace, which is of all other the true riches: and so it teacheth us this great truth, That God is justified in the denial of his special grace to those who do not make a due use of his common gifts and grace; and indeed here will lie men’s damnation, because they do not make a just use of that common grace which they have, and might make a better use of it than they do. If they would be faithful in that, God would not deny them the true riches.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 16:11". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-16.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

истинное Правильное использование своего земного богатства всегда подразумевает накопление сокровищ на небесах (ср. 12:33; 18:22; Мф. 16:19-21).

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/luke-16.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Unrighteous mammon; worldly things.

True riches; heavenly treasures-satisfying, eternal good. To be happy hereafter, men must be honest towards God here. If they continue knowingly to rob him of what he gives them on earth, he will never bestow on them the riches of heaven.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/luke-16.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

11.In the unrighteous mammon’ the true—We have here the real definition of the term unrighteous mammon. It is the opposite of the true divine riches; the riches of God’s favour. We may remark that the word riches is here in italics, which intimates that it is supplied by the translators, there being no word for it in the Greek. It is as if our Lord wanted a word which language did not supply. To say in the contrast the unrighteous mammon, and the true mammon) would be to sanctify the word mammon. He gives the word true and leaves us to supply the blank; and so the translators have supplied with the literal word riches.

 

 

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/luke-16.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

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[BIBLIOGRAPHY]

In iniquo mammona, Greek: en to adiko Mammona.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/luke-16.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

If. Assuming it as a fact. App-118. not. Greek. ou. App-105.

commit to your trust = entrust to you. App-150. true. App-175.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-16.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true riches?

If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon - or, "the mammon of unrighteousness" (Luke 16:9),

Who will commit to your trust the true riches? - that which makes one truly rich, the riches of the kingdom above.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/luke-16.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(11) If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon.—Better, if ye were not, or, became not. Here the “true riches” stand in contrast with the vain, deceitful, unrighteous mammon, and answer to the true spiritual wealth of peace, pardon, wisdom, or, in St. Paul’s language, here again coloured by St. Luke’s, the “unsearchable riches of Christ” (Ephesians 3:8). Our Lord teaches His disciples, what human religious teachers have so often forgotten, that honesty, integrity, and, as implied in faithfulness, benevolence, in the use of this world’s goods, be our portion small or great, is an indispensable condition of all spiritual advancement.

The Greek word for “true” may be noticed as being that which is generally characteristic of St. John. (See Notes on John 1:9; John 4:23.) This is the only instance of its use in the three first Gospels; St. Paul uses it once (1 Thessalonians 1:9), and then, after companionship with St. Luke. It is found in three passages of the Epistle to the Hebrews (Hebrews 8:2; Hebrews 9:14; Hebrews 9:24; Hebrews 10:22) twenty-three times in the writings of St. John.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/luke-16.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true riches?
in
true
12:33; 18:22; Proverbs 8:18,19; Ephesians 3:8; James 2:5; Revelation 3:18
Reciprocal: Exodus 22:10 - General2 Kings 12:15 - for they dealt;  Matthew 6:24 - mammon;  Luke 12:21 - rich;  Luke 16:10 - faithful in;  2 Corinthians 6:10 - and;  2 Corinthians 8:9 - that ye;  Colossians 3:2 - not;  1 Thessalonians 2:4 - to be;  2 Timothy 1:14 - good;  2 Peter 2:16 - the madness

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 16:11". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-16.html.