Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 17:25

But first He must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Scofield Reference Index - Inspiration;   Thompson Chain Reference - Reception-Rejection;   Rejected;   Rejection;   The Topic Concordance - Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ;   Rejection;   Suffering;  
Dictionaries:
Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - King, Christ as;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Eschatology;   Tribulation, the;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Generation;   Luke, Gospel of;   Son of Man;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Disallow;   Matthew, Gospel According to;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Announcements of Death;   Day of Judgment;   Discourse;   Endurance;   Foresight;   Luke, Gospel According to;   Necessity;   Rejection;   Rejection (2);  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Parousia;   Suffering;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

But first must he suffer many things - As the cup of the iniquity of this people shall not be full till they have finally rejected and crucified the Lord of life and glory, so this desolation cannot take place till after my death.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/luke-17.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

See the notes at Mark 8:31.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/luke-17.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

But first must he suffer many things and be rejected of this generation.

The satanic insinuation that Jesus expected his glory in the final phase of the kingdom to come shortly to pass is here refuted. The Lord envisaged a time-lapse, measured not in years, but in generations. There is an abundance of this in the New Testament; but some seem unwilling to see it. Jesus here clearly predicted that his contemporaries would reject the message he came to deliver. See under Matthew 26:13.

Jesus in this verse announced that a gloomy state of things would prevail on earth before his Second Advent. As Spence said:

The torch of religious feeling will have waned in that unknown and possibly distant future when Messiah shall reappear, and will be burning with a pale, faint light. The bulk of mankind will be given up to sensuality .... They will argue that the sun rose yesterday, and on many yesterdays, and of course it will rise again tomorrow, etc.[36]

Some have vainly supposed that Christianity, like some conquering army, will sweep over every land, capturing the whole world for Jesus, binding all the world, and laying it in golden chains at the blessed Redeemer's feet. Would to God it could be true. Jesus, however, did not look forward to any such results. "When he cometh, shall he find faith on the earth?" (Luke 18:8). The next few verses tell how it really will be.

ENDNOTE:

[36] H. D. M. Spence, op. cit., p. 90.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/luke-17.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

But first must he suffer many things,.... By cruel mockings, spitting, buffeting, scourging, and, at last, death itself; all which must be, and were before his day came, or he entered into his glory, or came in it:

and be rejected of this generation; as the Messiah, and be treated with the utmost scorn and contempt, and in the most base and ignominious manner: being put to the death of the cross, and hanged upon the accursed tree: all which were necessary, "must" be; on account of the purposes and decrees of God; the covenant engagements of Christ; the predictions of the prophets of the Old Testament, and his own; and the salvation of his people.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-17.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

suffer, etc. — This shows that the more immediate reference of Luke 17:23 is to an event soon to follow the death of Christ. It was designed to withdraw the attention of “His disciples” from the glare in which His foregoing words had invested the approaching establishment of His kingdom.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/luke-17.html. 1871-8.

William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament

HIS SUFFERINGS

Luke 17:25. “But in the first place, it behooveth Him to suffer many things, and to be set at naught by this generation.” The whole panorama of the Messianic history was simultaneously moving before His eyes. He saw the cruel mob, the frowning tribunals, the rugged cross, the bloody death, and the open sepulcher before His eyes, anticipating Him in a little more than a week; and at the same time the unutterable glory of His second coming was equally vivid and conspicuous.

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Godbey, William. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ges/luke-17.html.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

But first (πρωτον δεprōton de). The second coming will be only after the Cross.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-17.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Rejected

See on disallowed, 1 Peter 2:4; and tried, 1 Peter 1:7.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/luke-17.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

The Fourfold Gospel

But first must he suffer many things and be rejected of this generation1.

  1. But first must he suffer many things and be rejected of this generation. Thus when he speaks of his glory Jesus is careful to mention the humiliation and suffering which precedes it, that the faith of his disciples may not be weakened by false expectations and misunderstandings. The day of glory was not for that generation, since it would reject him.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-17.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

25 But first must he suffer many things, and be rejected of this generation.

Ver. 25. But first must he suffer] He must, because God would have it so. Voluntas Dei, necessitas rei.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-17.html. 1865-1868.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 17:25. What will yet first precede the Parousia, and (1) in respect of the Messiah Himself: He must (comp. Luke 9:22, Luke 24:26) first suffer and be rejected, Luke 17:25; and (2) in respect of the profane world: it will continue in security in its usual earthly doing and striving, until the crisis, universally ruinous for it, shall suddenly break in as in the days of Noah and of Lot, Luke 17:26-30. See further on Luke 17:31.

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Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/luke-17.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 17:25. πρῶτον, first) before that He enters upon that glory, in which He is about to come.— ἀποδοκιμασθῆναι, be rejected) in such a way as if He were not King. After the mention of His glory, immediately again comes the mention of His passion.— ταύτης, on the part of this generation) living in this age. It is hereby implied that the day of the Son of man would not be in that age.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-17.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Before my kingdom shall appear in that glory, I must suffer many things, and be rejected of this generation. You may be seduced to think that I am going to put on a crown as a secular prince to deliver you from your enemies. Alas! I am going to a cross. I shall have a day, but this is mine enemies’ day, and the power of darkness, both with reference to me and you. Look for nothing in or from this generation but to see me mocked, scourged, spit upon, buffeted, hanged upon a cross, rejected by men; these will be the issues of Divine providence as to this generation; look for better things hereafter, but look for no better from or in this generation.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 17:25". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-17.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

надлежит... пострадать Это потому, что верховный Божий план для Него – заместительная смерть за грешников. Ср. 9:22; 18:31-33; 24:25, 26; Мф. 16:21; Мк. 8:31.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/luke-17.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Suffer many things; Mark 8:31.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/luke-17.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“But first must he suffer many things and be rejected of this generation.”

But He must first suffer on earth. That He is unquestionably speaking of Himself now comes out (although those who had heard His inner words to the disciples earlier could hardly have doubted it). For He now declares that before that glorious appearing must come the times of suffering. For He Himself (the Son of Man - Luke 17:24; compare Luke 9:22) must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation. First He must be manifested in suffering and then He will be manifested in glory. So this is the way in which the days of the Son of Man must end, in the Day of suffering that will culminate in the Day of glory. And for the disciples, in between the suffering and the glory, will be the days of longing for the days of the Son of Man, both past and future.

The Crucifixion and Coming of The Son Of Man In Glory Will Issue In The Final Judgment and The Final Consummation (Luke 17:26-37)

In the Section chiasmus this parallels Luke 17:20-21. It expands on the idea of the Kingly Rule of God being among them by pointing out that one day will come the great day of separation between those in the Kingly Rule of God and those who are not. In that day those in the Kingly Rule of God will be take out from among those who are not, and then those who are left will be judged.

Analysis.

a As it happened in the days of Noah, even so will it be also in the days of the Son of man” (Luke 17:26).

b “They ate, they drank, they married, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all” (Luke 17:27).

c “In the same way even as it occurred in the days of Lot. They ate, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they built, but in the day that Lot went out from Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them all” (Luke 17:28-29).

d “In the same way will it be in the day that the Son of man is revealed. In that day, he that will be on the housetop, and his goods in the house, let him not go down to take them away, and let him that is in the field similarly not return back” (Luke 17:30-31).

e “Remember Lot’s wife” (Luke 17:32).

d “Whoever will seek to gain his life will lose it, but whoever will lose his life will preserve it” (Luke 17:33).

c “I say to you, In that night there will be two men on one bed, the one will be taken, and the other will be left” (Luke 17:34).

b “There will be two women grinding together, the one will be taken, and the other will be left” (Luke 17:35).

a “And they answering say to him, “Where, Lord?” And he said to them, “Where the carcase is, there will the vultures also be gathered together” (Luke 17:36-37).

Note that in ‘a’ the scene is set and in the parallel we are given the end solution. In ‘b’ some were saved and some were destroyed, and in the parallel the same applies. In ‘c’ we have the same situation connected with Lot and the same parallel. In ‘d’ men must do the opposite of normal and in the parallel the same applies. In ‘e’ central to all is the injunction to ‘Remember Lot’s wife’ who preferred the worldly city of Sodom to security with God and perished. The previous passage had centred on ‘remember that there will be false messiahs’. Here the warning goes even deeper, ‘remember Lot’s wife’.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/luke-17.html. 2013.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

25.Of this generation—To this generation belong not his second advent, but his internal kingdom; his sufferings, and his death. How absurd and contradictory to a whole mass of texts, the idea that our Lord, or his disciples, taught that his second coming was in their generation.

Luke 17:26-27 are nearly identical with Matthew 24:37-39.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/luke-17.html. 1874-1909.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 17:25. But first must he suffer, etc. Peculiar to Luke, and a proof that the discourse is put in its proper place. This prediction, however, gives no clew to the time and place of His coming, but cautions them against expecting a temporal kingdom and triumph now, since the sufferings of the King were first to come.

Be rejected of this generation. To be taken literally, as an intimation of the speedy rejection of our Lord. The verses which follow point to a virtual rejection by the world, to continue until His return.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/luke-17.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Luke 17:25. , etc.; the Passion must come before the glorious lightning-like advent. What you have to do I meantime is to prepare yourselves for that.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/luke-17.html. 1897-1910.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

first must He suffer. Compare the four announcements: Luke 9:22, Luke 9:44; Luke 17:25; Luke 18:31-33, and the Structure on p. 1461.

rejected. This was the subject of the third period of the Lord"s ministry. See App-119.

of = on the part of. Greek apo. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 17:7, Luke 17:15, Luke 17:20.

this generation = this (present) generation. See note on Matthew 11:16.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-17.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

But first must he suffer many things, and be rejected of this generation.

But first must he suffer many things, and be rejected of this generation. This shows that the more immediate reference of the previous verse is to an event soon to follow the death of Christ. It was designed to withdraw the attention of "His disciples" from the glare in which His foregoing words had invested the approaching establishment of His kingdom.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/luke-17.html. 1871-8.

The Bible Study New Testament

25. But first he must suffer. See notes on Luke 24:25-27.

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/luke-17.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(25) But first must he suffer many things.—See Notes on Matthew 16:21; Matthew 17:22. The interposition of this prophecy of the Passion in a discourse which bears primarily on the Second Advent is an individualising feature of this record of St. Luke’s.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/luke-17.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But first must he suffer many things, and be rejected of this generation.
must
9:22; 18:31,33; 24:25,26,46; Matthew 16:21; 17:22,23; 20:18,19; Mark 8:31; Mark 9:31; 10:33
rejected
1 Samuel 8:7; 10:19; Isaiah 53:3; Matthew 21:42; Mark 12:10; John 1:11; 12:38
Reciprocal: Judges 21:21 - dance;  John 12:48 - rejecteth

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 17:25". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-17.html.