Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 17:27

they were eating, they were drinking, they were marrying, they were being given in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, and the flood came and destroyed them all.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Antediluvians;   Confidence;   Flood;   Jerusalem;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Noah;   Worldliness;   Scofield Reference Index - Inspiration;   The Topic Concordance - Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Deluge, the;  
Dictionaries:
Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Flood, the;   Hell;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Eschatology;   Tribulation, the;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Cain (1);   Giants;   Luke, the Gospel According to;   Noah;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Ark;   Luke, Gospel of;   Son of Man;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Deluge;   Matthew, Gospel According to;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Day of Judgment;   Discourse;   Doctrines;   Eating and Drinking;   Flood;   Luke, Gospel According to;   Names and Titles of Christ;   Noah;   Parousia (2);   Pleasure;   Poet;   Quotations (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Noe ;   Type;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Flood;   Noe;   Parousia;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

They did eat, they drank, etc. - They spent their whole lives in reference to this world; and made no sort of provision for their immortal souls. So it was when the Romans came to destroy Judea; there was a universal carelessness, and no one seemed to regard the warnings given by the Son of God.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Luke 17:27". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/luke-17.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

They did eat, they drank,.... That is, the inhabitants of the old world ate and drank, not merely in a common way, with moderation, and for the support and comfort of life, which is not blameworthy, nor inconsistent with religious exercises; but they lived in an extravagant and luxurious manner; they indulged their sensual appetites, and put away the evil day far from them, that Noah told them of:

they married wives, they were given in marriage; not as should have been done by professors of religion among themselves; but the sons of God, or professors of the true religion, the posterity of Seth took them wives of the daughters of men, of the wicked, of the seed of Cain; and very likely gave their daughters in marriage to the sons of men; see Genesis 6:2 and so they went on in a secure manner, notwithstanding all the remonstrances, warnings, and threatenings of God, by his servant:

until the day that Noe entered into the ark; which he had built by divine direction, for the saving of himself and family, and the creatures that were with him, from the waters of the flood; and this was in the six hundredth year of his life, in the second month, the month of October, and in the seventeenth day of that month; Genesis 7:11

and the flood came and destroyed them all; all the inhabitants of the earth, every living substance, men, cattle, creeping things, and fowls of the heaven; all but Noah, and his wife, and his three sons, and their wives, and the creatures that were with him in the ark: the flood came not of itself, or by chance, or through the influence, or by the concurrence of second causes merely; though these were used, ordered, and directed by the first cause of all things; but it came by the power of God, according to his will; he brought it on the world of the ungodly; see 2 Peter 2:5 The mode of expression is Jewish; it is said of Cain, who is supposed by the Jews to have lived till the flood, באמבול ושטפו, "the flood came", and washed him awayF7Bereshit Rabba, sect. 32. fol. 27. 2. & Shemot Rabba, sect. 31. fol. 134. 4. .

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 17:27". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-17.html. 1999.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

They ate, they drank, they married, they were given in marriage (ηστιον επινον εγαμουν εγαμιζοντοēsthion εισηλτενepinon ηλτενegamoun απωλεσενegamizonto). Imperfects all of them vividly picturing the life of the time of Noah. But the other tenses are aorists (Noah entered eisēlthen the flood came ēlthen destroyed apōlesen).

sa120

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 17:27". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-17.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

The Fourfold Gospel

They ate, they drank, they married, they were given in marriage1, until the day that Noah entered into the ark, and the flood came2, and destroyed them all.

  1. They ate, they drank, they married, they were given in marriage. The antediluvians and the citizens of Sodom discharged the business of the day and laid their plans for tomorrow and had no thought of evil or anticipation of trouble down to the very moment that the bowls of wrath were poured upon them.

  2. Until the day that Noah entered into the ark, and the flood came,
  3. and destroyed them all. Despite all warnings, they were taken by surprise when completely off their guard.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 17:27". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-17.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

They did eat, they drank, &c.; that is, they lived at ease, and in fancied security.

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Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on Luke 17:27". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/luke-17.html. 1878.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

27 They did eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all.

Ver. 27. They did eat, they drank] An elegant assyndeton. For the reason whereof, {See Trapp on "Matthew 24:38"}

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 17:27". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-17.html. 1865-1868.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

[27. Comp. with this, Luke 17:33. How great, in truth, is the difference between those who are wholly immersed in temporal concerns, and those who give themselves up wholly to this one aim, that they may be enabled to stand accepted before the Son of man in the day of His appearing!—V. g.]

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 17:27". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-17.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

See Poole on "Luke 17:26"

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 17:27". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-17.html. 1685.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“They ate, they drank, they married, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all.”

And what happened in ‘the days of Noah?’ They ate, they drank, they married, they were given in marriage. In other words life seemed to be going on as normal. They continued blissfully unaware of Noah’s activities in their midst. They ignored both his building of the Ark which condemned the world (Hebrews 11:7) and the proclamation of his word among them (2 Peter 2:5). They were complacent in their sin. And then Noah entered into the Ark and the flood came and destroyed them all.

‘They married, they were given in marriage.’ This may especially have in mind Genesis 6:1-4, in which case it means that they not only ate and drank, but also that they engaged in the deepest sin. On the other hand the comparison with Lot might suggest that it is simply referring to the everyday things of life. This last view would seem to be confirmed by the use of a similar phrase in Luke 20:34-35 where the point is made that marrying and giving in marriage is something that happens on earth, but not in Heaven.

If we compare this with what has previously been said in Luke 17:22-25 what does it tell us? What we have described here is a period during ‘the days of Noah’ when the majority were living in blissful unawareness, even while the presence of Noah preaching among them was ignored. They simply continued in sin, eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage. And then came the climax. The one who had been among them went into the Ark, and the final result was that Judgment came on them. This suggests that we must see the comparative ‘days of the Son of Man’ as representing a similar period of unawareness while Jesus was preaching among men, followed by His being taken away, in His case by suffering, death and resurrection (Luke 17:25), resulting finally in His coming in final Judgment (Luke 17:24), this last following a period during which His own have bewailed His absence (Luke 17:22).

If we add to this that the Son of man was accused of eating and drinking among men (Luke 7:34) along with public servants and sinners, the parallel is even clearer. This means then that the event which follows ‘the days of the Son of Man’ is the crucifixion, resurrection, enthronement and coming again, all seen as one activity, which is how God saw them. By this He ‘entered the Ark’ and made possible salvation for all those who would follow Him. It was for all those who would follow Him without looking back (Luke 17:31 compare Luke 9:57-62), and for all those who would ‘enter the ark’ with Him by taking up the cross and following Him (Luke 17:33 with Luke 9:23-24).

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Luke 17:27". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/luke-17.html. 2013.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

"Eating and drinking" and "marrying and being given in marriage" are phrases that describe people living life normally. The return of Jesus would suddenly disrupt their lives and call them to a judgment. People living in Noah"s day were unprepared for the flood. Similarly most people living just before the Second Coming will be unprepared for the judgment that will follow Jesus" return, and they will perish in it (cf. Matthew 25:31-46).

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Luke 17:27". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/luke-17.html. 2012.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Luke 17:27. , etc.: note the four verbs without connecting particles, a graphic asyndeton; and note the imperfect tense: those things going on up to the very hour of the advent, as it was in the days of Noah, or in the fateful day of Pompeii.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Luke 17:27". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/luke-17.html. 1897-1910.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

having compared his second coming to lightning, in order to shew how sudden it will be, he next compares it to the days of Noe [Noah] and Lot, to shew that it will come when men least expect it; when, entirely forgetting his coming, they are solely occupied in the affairs of this world, in buying and selling, &c. He only mentions those faults which appear trivial, or rather none at all, (passing over the crimes of murder, theft, &c.) purposely to shew, that if God thus punishes merely the immoderate use of what is lawful, how will his vengeance fall upon what is in itself unlawful. (Ven. Bede)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Luke 17:27". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/luke-17.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

they drank = they were drinking (and so the Imperfect tense throughout the verse). Note the Figure of speech Asyndeton in this verse (App-6), to emphasize the crisis of the flood.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 17:27". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-17.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

They did eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all.

They did eat ... drank ... married ... were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 17:27". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/luke-17.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(27) They did eat, they drank.—Better, as in St. Matthew, they were eating and drinking, marrying, . . .; the tense throughout being that which implies continuous and repeated action.

The flood.—The Greek word is always used in the New Testament for the deluge of Noah, that meaning having been stamped on it by the use of it in the LXX. version in Genesis 6:17; Genesis 7:6-7; Genesis 7:10; Genesis 7:17.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Luke 17:27". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/luke-17.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

They did eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all.
12:19,20; 16:19-23; Deuteronomy 6:10-12; 8:12-14; 1 Samuel 25:36-38; Job 21:9-13; Isaiah 21:4; 22:12-14; 1 Thessalonians 5:1-3
Reciprocal: Genesis 5:29 - he called;  Genesis 6:14 - Make;  Genesis 6:17 - bring;  Genesis 7:7 - GeneralGenesis 7:10 - waters;  Genesis 7:21 - GeneralGenesis 7:23 - every living substance;  Judges 20:41 - were amazed;  1 Samuel 30:16 - eating;  2 Chronicles 18:2 - Ahab;  Job 1:13 - when;  Job 22:15 - the old way;  Proverbs 23:34 - thou;  Ecclesiastes 2:5 - I planted;  Isaiah 5:14 - he that rejoiceth;  Isaiah 47:8 - I shall not;  Jeremiah 16:8 - GeneralMatthew 24:37 - GeneralLuke 3:36 - Noe;  Luke 20:34 - marry;  Romans 13:13 - rioting;  1 Thessalonians 5:3 - then;  2 Peter 2:5 - spared;  2 Peter 3:6 - General

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 17:27". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-17.html.