Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Numbers 11:28

Then Joshua the son of Nun, the attendant of Moses from his youth, said, "Moses, my lord, restrain them."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Bigotry;   Eldad;   Envy;   Inspiration;   Intolerance, Religious;   Joshua;   Medad;   Moses;   Prayer;   Trouble;   Zeal, Religious;   Thompson Chain Reference - Bigotry-Catholicity;   Joshua;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Courts of Justice;   Desert, Journey of Israel through the;   Envy;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Eldad;   Manna;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Holy spirit;   Joshua the son of nun;   Moses;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Holy Spirit;   Prophet, Prophetess, Prophecy;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Discontent;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Eldad;   Medad;   Prophet;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Joshua;   Prophet;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Eldad;   Meat;   Nun;   Tabernacle;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Eldad;   Moses;   Numbers, Book of;   Nun;   Prophecy, Prophets;   Tabernacle;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Nun;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Eldad;   Elder;   Joshua;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Law of Moses;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Eldad;   Elders;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - On to Canaan;   Moses, the Man of God;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Eldad;   Forbid;   Joshua (2);   Medad;   Nun (2);   Servant;   Young Men;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Eldad and Medad;   Joshua (Jehoshua);   Sanhedrin;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

My lord Moses, forbid them -

How often have I blindly done

What zealous Joshua did,

Impatient to the rulers run,

And cried, "My lords, forbid!

Silence the schismatics, constrain

Their thoughts with ours t' agree,

And sacrifice the souls of men

To idol unity!"

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Numbers 11:28". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/numbers-11.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of Moses,.... That waited upon him, and ministered to him, and executed his orders, especially in civil things, and was to be his successor:

one of his young men; not that Joshua was a young man in age, for he must be now between fifty and sixty years of age; see Gill on Exodus 33:11; nor does the word necessarily suppose that those men were young among whom Joshua was; but choice excellent persons, the principal servants of Moses, at the head of whom Joshua was being his prime minister: the Targum of Onkelos and the Syriac version render it, "from his youth", joining it with the word servant, as if he was the servant of Moses from his youth, or ever since he was a young man; but Moses had not been out of Midian but about two years, where he had kept his father's sheep; however, he

answered and said, my lord Moses, forbid them; prophesying, restrain them from it, suffer them not to go on in it; he would have him exert his authority as the chief magistrate, which he thought was affected by their prophesying without his knowledge and consent; and because a word from the root here used signifies a prison, some here interpret it,"put them in prison,'which is a sense Jarchi mentions; but it can hardly be thought that Joshua meant that such rigorous measures should be taken, only that they should be rebuked for what they had done, and be charged for the future to be silent.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Numbers 11:28". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/numbers-11.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of Moses, [one] of his q young men, answered and said, My lord Moses, r forbid them.

(q) Or, a young man whom he had chosen from his youth.

(r) Such blind zeal was in the apostles, (Mark 9:38) ; (Luke 9:44).

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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Numbers 11:28". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/numbers-11.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of Moses, one of his young men, answered and said, My lord Moses, forbid them.

One of his young men — Or, one of his choice ministers, which may be emphatically added, to note that even great and good men may mistake about the works of God.

Forbid them — He feared either schism, or sedition, or that by their usurpation of authority, independently upon Moses, his power and esteem might be lessened.

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Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Numbers 11:28". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/numbers-11.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Numbers 11:28 And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of Moses, [one] of his young men, answered and said, My lord Moses, forbid them.

Ver. 28. My lord Moses, forbid.] Thus, "the spirit that is in us lusteth to envy." [James 4:5] Nero omnium erat aemulus, qui quoquo mode animum vulgi moverint, Nero envied every man that excelled.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Numbers 11:28". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/numbers-11.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

One of his young men, or one of his choice ministers, a chosen or excellent person; which may be emphatically added, to note that even great and good men may mistake and misjudge about the works of God. Or, from his youth, as the words will bear, and the Chaldee, Syriac, &c. render it. So it may be added as a reason why Joshua above others were concerned for Moses’s honour and authority. He feared either schism or sedition, or that by their usurpation of authority independently upon Moses, and separately from him, his power and esteem might be lessened, as the next words show.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Numbers 11:28". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/numbers-11.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

28.Joshua — See Exodus 17:9, and the Introduction to the Book of Joshua, page 7.

My lord — This title of respect is applied to Moses by Aaron in Numbers 12:11, and by the people in Numbers 32:25.

Forbid them — This is the beginning of religious intolerance for nonconformity in worship.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Numbers 11:28". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/numbers-11.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Chosen among the seventy, and designed, from his youth, to be the general, and successor of Moses; the Hebrew may be understood in all these senses. See Exodus xvii. 10. (Calmet) --- Josue was afraid lest they had assumed this air of authority in opposition to Moses. St. John addressed our Saviour, under the same impressions of zeal, Luke ix. 49.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Numbers 11:28". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/numbers-11.html. 1859.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(28) My lord Moses, forbid them.—The motive which prompted Joshua in making this request appears to have been similar to that which led St. John to forbid the man to cast out devils who did not follow with the Apostles (Mark 9:38-39; Luke 9:49-50). But as the man did not cast out devils in his own name, but in that of Christ, so in this case Eldad and Medad prophesied in virtue of the spirit which rested upon them from above, of which the Holy Ghost, not Moses, was the giver. The motives which deterred Eldad and Medad from going to the tent of meeting are unknown. The history teaches the freeness and the sovereignty of the Holy Spirit’s influences, as afterwards did that of Cornelius, when the Holy Ghost fell upon him and upon those who were with him, previously to the reception of baptism, and they spoke with tongues and magnified God (Acts 10:44-48).

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Numbers 11:28". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/numbers-11.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of Moses, one of his young men, answered and said, My lord Moses, forbid them.
Joshua
Exodus 17:9
My Lord
Mark 9:38,39; Luke 9:49,50; John 3:26
Reciprocal: Exodus 24:13 - his minister;  Numbers 13:8 - Oshea;  Numbers 27:18 - Take thee;  Numbers 27:20 - put some;  Numbers 32:27 - as my lord;  Joshua 1:1 - Moses' minister;  1 Chronicles 7:27 - Jehoshuah;  1 Corinthians 4:6 - be puffed;  1 Corinthians 14:5 - would

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Numbers 11:28". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/numbers-11.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

28.And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of Moses. It is obvious that this foolish and preposterous jealousy arose from a good source. Joshua saw that Moses was so preeminent above all others, as to be justly deemed, after God, the head of the people; he feared, therefore, lest, if any portion of his superiority should be withdrawn, the grace of God would be dispelled and lost. We know, too, that almost every change is injurious, and apt to give a shock to public affairs. In asserting, then, the rights of Moses, he desired, as far as he could, to consult the welfare of all; but the excess of his zeal had some alloy in it, in consequence of the immoderate affection and love which he bore to Moses; just as it often happens to ourselves, that although our desires have a right object, they still go astray into erroneous feelings. So, then, let us learn to revere the most illustrious servants of Christ, as that God alone should be supreme; and that He, who is far above all, should still maintain His pre-eminence. And this will be the case, if we hold fast to the principle, that although “there are diversities of gifts,” yet there is but one Spirit from whom they flow; and although there are “differences of administrations,” yet but one Lord who must be served, (1 Corinthians 12:4;) which also Paul confirms elsewhere, where he teaches us that the gifts are so distributed as that no individual should have all, but each

“according to the measure of the gift of Christ.”
(
Ephesians 4:7.)

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Numbers 11:28". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/numbers-11.html. 1840-57.