Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Numbers 21:20

and from Bamoth to the valley that is in the land of Moab, at the top of Pisgah which overlooks the wasteland.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Bamoth;   Jeshimon;   Pisgah;   Thompson Chain Reference - Mountains;   Pisgah, Mount;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Desert, Journey of Israel through the;   Mountains;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Bamah, Plural Bamoth;   Desert;   Pisgah;   Serpents;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Pisgah;   Reuben;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Bamoth;   Desert;   Jeshimon;   Pisgah;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Bamoth-Baal;   Jeshimon;   Moab;   Pisgah;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Bamoth;   Field;   Jeshimon;   Pisgah;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Israel;   Jephthah;   Jeshimon;   Moses;   Numbers, Book of;   Pisgah;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Arnon ;   Bamoth ;   Jeshimon ;   Moab, Moabites ;   Pisgah ;   Wanderings of the Israelites;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Bamah;   Mount pisgah;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Pisgah;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Jesh'imon;   Pis'gah;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Bamoth;   Head;   Jeshimon;   Moses;   Pisgah;   Vale;   Wanderings of Israel;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Nebo, Mount;   Pisgah;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

In the country of Moab - Rather, in the field of Moab: the upland pastures, or flat downs, intersected by the ravine of Wady Waleh.

Pisgah, which looketh toward Jeshimon - Or, “toward the waste.” See Numbers 33:47. Pisgah was a ridge of the Abarim mountains, westward from Heshbon. From the summit the Israelites gained their first view of the wastes of the Dead Sea and of the valley of the Jordan: and Moses again ascended it, to view, before his death, the land of promise. The interest attaching to the spot, and the need of a convenient name for it, has led Christians often to designate it as “Nebo,” rather than as “the mountain of, or near to, Nebo;” but the latter is the more correct: Nebo denoted the town Isaiah 15:2; Jeremiah 48:1, Jeremiah 48:22 on the western slope of the ridge.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Numbers 21:20". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/numbers-21.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And from Bamoth, in the valley,.... Or rather "to the valley", as the Targum of Onkelos, since Bamoth signifies high places; though, according to the Jerusalem TalmudF15Sheviith, fol. 38. 4. , Bamoth, Baal, which seems to be the same place, was in a plain:

that is in the country of Moab; the valley belonged to Moab, into which Israel came:

to the top of Pisgah; not that the valley reached to the top, nor did the children of Israel go to the top of it, only Moses, but rather to the bottom, which indeed is meant; for it intends the beginning of it, where Pisgah, which was an high mountain near the plains of Moab, began, and which was properly the foot of it:

which looketh towards Jeshimon; that is, Pisgah, as Jarchi rightly interprets it, which looked over a place called Jeshimon; and which signifies a wilderness, and is no other indeed than the wilderness of Kedemoth, Deuteronomy 2:26 for from thence the following messengers were sent.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Numbers 21:20". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/numbers-21.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And from Bamoth in the valley, that is in the country of Moab, to the top of Pisgah, which looketh toward Jeshimon.

Pisgah — This was the top of those high hills of Abarim.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Numbers 21:20". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/numbers-21.html. 1765.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Numbers 21:20. To the top of Pisgah Houbigant renders this, Ras-pisgah, supposing the whole a proper name; which, says he, in so uncertain a matter, seems the safest: for, from the context, it sufficiently appears, that this was not the mountain Pisgah; nor can it be proper to render ראשׁ rosh, a mountain, or top, when the Israelites are said to come into a valley. Le Clerc renders it, under the top of Pisgah. Which looketh toward Jeshimon, is rendered more properly in the margin, toward the wilderness; namely, the wilderness of Kedemoth, a city on the borders of the country of the Amorites, from whence they sent messengers to Sihon. See Deuteronomy 32:10. Psalms 68:7 in the original.

REFLECTIONS.—We have here the journies of the people towards Canaan. When they were advanced from Oboth to Beer, in their want of water, God, of his own motion, promises to supply them abundantly. They seem now to have trusted without murmuring, and they find the blessing of doing to. Hereupon, 1. They celebrate with songs of praise the divine mercy; and in confidence of the promise, as if already fulfilled, pray to and praise the gracious giver. Note; (1.) Every promised mercy is as much our own, as if we actually possessed it. (2.) Christ, by his spirit in the believer's heart, as a well of water, springeth up into eternal life. (3.) Praise is the grateful tribute we owe to God for his rich and undeserved mercies. 2. As the people sung, the princes digged, or digged in faith, and their staves, like Moses's rod, brought streams out of the dry ground. When our contrivances seem at the lowest ebb, God can thus open pools in the wilderness; and whilst we, in dependance upon him, employ the staff of prayer, we need not fear but that he will lead us forth beside the waters of comfort.

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Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Numbers 21:20". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/numbers-21.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

In the valley; or, the valley, which might be called Bamoth, not because it was a place naturally high, but from divers other reasons, which may be easily guessed. Or, to the valley, or to that valley, that famous or rather infamous valley, to wit, of Abel-shittim, Numbers 33:49, where they committed those foul abominations recorded Num 25

Pisgah was the top of these high hills of Abarim; of which see Deuteronomy 3:17,27 32:49 34:1,6.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Numbers 21:20". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/numbers-21.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

20.In the valley — Rather, to the valley, which is in the fields of Moab upon the top of Pisgah. The height of Pisgah is in grammatical apposition with the field of Moab, a portion of the perfectly treeless table-land stretching from Rabbath Ammon to the Arnon. Among biblical problems on the east of the Jordan the solution of none has enlisted deeper interest than the identification of long-lost Pisgah. The great mistake for ages was in the attempt to find some peak higher than the general level of the table-land of Moab, from which all the Land of Promise can be seen. But Dr. J.L. Porter, on the south bank of Wady Hesban, about seven miles west of Heshbon, recently noticed some projecting swells of the range, not higher than others, but shooting out farther west, so as to command the Jordan Valley, and suggested that one of these might be Nebo. Professor Paine, in the third statement of the Palestine Exploration Society, in 1873, in an elaborate monograph of nearly ninety pages, entitled, The Identification of Pisgah, cogently argues, after a month’s investigation of all the district, that a double peaked hill or swell called Jebel Siaghah is the true Pisgah. The view from the southwest peak, 2,360 feet above the sea, extending from Dan on the north to the far distant Negeb, fulfils every requisite of the view which Moses beheld from Pisgah, unless it be all Judah unto the Mediterranean Sea, for which there is no peak east of the Jordan high enough. See Bibliotheca Sacra, Jan., 1876. Dr. Ridgaway dissents from the conclusion of Professor Paine, and sides with Tristram and M. de Saulcy, in the identification of Jebel Neba as the true Pisgah, chiefly because this affords an eastward view, which Jebel Siaghah does not. See Deuteronomy 3:27. “My own impression is, that Abarim was the name of the whole cluster of hills immediately overlooking the Jordan in this region, as the term signifies ‘borders;’ that Nebo was the title of a particular mountain, with one or more peaks, and that Pisgah was the special summit of Nebo. I remember very clearly that its top looked, as we rode by, just like a hill, and seemed relatively so little elevated, as we approached from the east, that we hardly thought it worth while to go on to it. Taking the itinerary of Israel, as given in Numbers 33:46-48, nothing can seem more natural.” — Ridgaway.

Jeshimon — Literally, the wilderness. It is doubtful whether it is a proper or a common noun.

Edersheim says that it is the tract of land which extends to the northeastern shore of the Dead Sea. Tristram identifies it with “the barren plain of the Ghor,” about the mouth of the Jordan. But Professor Paine, from every mention of the place, comes to the following conclusion: “So Jeshimon is the wilderness where a line drawn to the north from Maon (1 Samuel 23:24) intersects another drawn west from Pisgah, and just there is a region every way worthy of the name.”

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Numbers 21:20". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/numbers-21.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Numbers 21:20. Pisgah — This was the top of those high hills of Abarim.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Numbers 21:20". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/numbers-21.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Desert. Hebrew and Chaldean, "Yeshimon," (Josue xiii. 28; Ezechiel xxv. 9,) a city of the Moabites.

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Numbers 21:20". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/numbers-21.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

country = field.

Jeshimon = the wilderness.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Numbers 21:20". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/numbers-21.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And from Bamoth in the valley, that is in the country of Moab, to the top of Pisgah, which looketh toward Jeshimon.

Bamoth, [ uwmi-Baamowt (Hebrew #1120) hagay

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Numbers 21:20". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/numbers-21.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(20) And from Bamoth in the valley.—Better, and from Bamoth to the valley that is . . . The country (or, rather, field) of Moab was a portion of the table-land which stretches from Rabbath Ammân to the Arnon. The valley in this table-land was upon the height of Pisgah—i.e., the northern part of the mountains of Abarim.

Toward Jeshimon.—Or, across the waste (or, desert).

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Numbers 21:20". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/numbers-21.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And from Bamoth in the valley, that is in the country of Moab, to the top of Pisgah, which looketh toward Jeshimon.
country
Heb. field.
22:1; 26:63; 33:49,50; Deuteronomy 1:5
to the
23:14; Deuteronomy 3:27; 4:49; 34:1
Pisgah
or the hill. Jeshimon. or, the wilderness.
23:28
Reciprocal: Numbers 22:2 - GeneralNumbers 22:41 - high places;  Numbers 32:34 - Dibon;  Numbers 33:47 - the mountains;  Deuteronomy 11:29 - GeneralJoshua 12:3 - Ashdothpisgah

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Numbers 21:20". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/numbers-21.html.