Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Numbers 21:25

Israel took all these cities and Israel lived in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all her villages.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Amorites;   Heshbon;   Israel;   Sihon;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Amorites, the;   Desert, Journey of Israel through the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ammonites;   Amorites;   Heshbon;   Serpents;   Sihon;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ammon;   Amorites;   Canaan;   Edom;   Heshbon;   Jabbok;   Moab;   Palestine;   Reuben;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Gods and Goddesses, Pagan;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Heshbon;   Sihon;   Wars of the Lord, the Book of the;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ar;   Jephthah;   Medeba;   Sihon;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Amorites;   Cities and Urban Life;   Conquest of Canaan;   Dibon;   Heshbon;   Moab and the Moabite Stone;   Reba;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Government;   Israel;   Jephthah;   Medeba;   Moab, Moabites;   Moses;   Numbers, Book of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Amorites ;   Arnon ;   Daughter;   Heshbon ;   Moab, Moabites ;   Sihon ;   Villages;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Mount hor;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Heshbon;   Sihon;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Daughter;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Amorites;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - On to Canaan;   Moses, the Man of God;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ammon;   Amorites;   Daughter;   Heshbon;   Moab;   Moses;   Town;   Village;   Wanderings of Israel;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - City;   Government;   Heshbon;   Moab;   Sihon;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Heshbon - Now Heshban, a ruined city, due east of the point where the Jordan enters the Dead Sea; conspicuous from all parts of the high plateau on which it stands, but concealed, like the rest of the plateau, from the valley beneath.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Numbers 21:25". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/numbers-21.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Israel took all these cities,.... Which lay between the rivers Arnon and Jabbok; their particular names may be seen in Numbers 32:3,

and Israel dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites; being given to the Reubenites and Gadites, who inhabited them, as their possession and inheritance, Numbers 32:2,

in Heshbon, and in all the villages thereof; or "daughters thereof"F17בנתיה "filiabus ejus", Montanus, Munster, Fagius, Grotius. . Heshbon was the metropolis or mother city, and all the towns and villages adjacent were as daughters to it; of which city more is said in the following verses; see Gill on Isaiah 15:4.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Numbers 21:25". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/numbers-21.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Israel dwelt in all the cities — after exterminating the inhabitants who had been previously doomed (Deuteronomy 2:34).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Numbers 21:25". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/numbers-21.html. 1871-8.

James Nisbet's Church Pulpit Commentary

LIFE AT ITS NOBLEST

‘Israel took all these cities … Israel possessed his land.’

Numbers 21:25; Numbers 21:35

I. ‘The joys of conquest are the joys of man.’—To face hopeless odds without fear, in quiet reliance upon the Divine word; to act strongly, and conquer to the uttermost; and then, knowing that all—both the occasion, the promise, the courage, and the victory—all are the gifts of glad and fathomless love, to pour out the full heart in glorious praise to the Great Giver, this, surely, is life at its noblest. And all this—except the praise, which, however, appears in Psalms 135:11; Psalms 136:20—we find here in vv. 34 and 35:—‘And the Lord said unto Moses, Fear him not,’ etc.

II. This raises a question of intensest interest: Is there any parallel to this in my life? Is there any deep-rooted evil for me to overcome in this living present, and in fearless reliance upon some omnipotent word of the Lord that has already gone forth against it? What of those weaknesses or evil habits that I know so well and fear so much? Are they not, like Og, the giant king, simply occasions for a Divine over-coming? Has not the Almightyword sounded out against them even as it did against him? Of him it was said:—‘Fear him not; for I have delivered him into thine hand’; and of them it is said:—‘Sin shall not have dominion over you. Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lusts of the flesh. Be strong, therefore, in the grace which is in Christ Jesus.’ Yes, in Him, we, even we, may know life at its noblest!

Illustration

(1) ‘Thou wilt pitch in Oboth, from which point and onwards there will be no further record of murmuring. This chapter was set to music by the Psalmist, who interleaved the names of these beings and the story of these battles by the mention of the ever-enduring mercy of God (Psalms 106:16-26). So shalt it be with us. The experiences of life may not seem to be joyous but grievous, nevertheless, in the golden afterward they will yield food for everlasting joy, and the uncouth names of sins and foes will be woven into the music of golden lays. Wherefore lift up your heads and rejoice in anticipation of your joy, for your redemption draweth night.’

(2) ‘A beautiful little song is given in this Lesson. The princes were able to use their official rods in putting aside the brushwood which hid the well, and its discovery was greeted by songs. How often does God open springs for us which we do not acknowledge! Let us be more prone to give thanks.’

(3) ‘A friendly message was sent to Sihon the king of the Amorites, to ask him, as Edom, Moab, and Ammon had been asked before, for a free passage through his kingdom. But the friendly message was again refused. Sihon followed up his refusal by advancing against the Israelites, and was defeated in a great battle at Jahaz. This victory gave Israel possession of the whole country from Arnon to Jabbok, including the strong city of Heshbon. The Arnon was henceforth the boundary of Israel and Moab. This triumph was celebrated in a war-song which tells of Israel’s glorious success over the Amorites, of the former defeat of Moab, and of the way in which Israel, avenging their kinsmen, won for themselves the fertile land on the east of the Jordan (Numbers 21:27-31).’

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Bibliographical Information
Nisbet, James. "Commentary on Numbers 21:25". Church Pulpit Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cpc/numbers-21.html. 1876.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Having destroyed the ancient inhabitants, Deuteronomy 2:34.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Numbers 21:25". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/numbers-21.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

25.Heshbon — See Joshua 13:17, note.

Villages — Hebrew, daughters, that is, lesser towns.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Numbers 21:25". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/numbers-21.html. 1874-1909.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And Israel took all these cities: and Israel dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all the villages thereof.

Israel dwelt in all the cities - such as Beth-gamul, Bozrah, Kerioth, etc. (Jeremiah 48:21-24), after exterminating the inhabitants, who were previously doomed (Deuteronomy 2:34).

In Heshbon, and in all the villages thereof - literally, all the daughters thereof. The phrase, 'all the daughters' of a city, evidently means the excrement villas and towns belonging to the metropolitan or mother city.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Numbers 21:25". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/numbers-21.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(25) And Israel dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites.—If, as appears most probable, this and the thirty-first verse form a part of the original narrative, the word which is rendered dwelt should be rendered sojourned, or abode, and understood, in accordance with the frequent use of the word (as, e.g., in Numbers 22:5; Numbers 22:8), of a temporary occupation or encampment. The permanent occupation of the eastern side of the Jordan by the Israelites was subsequent to the death of Moses.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Numbers 21:25". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/numbers-21.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Israel took all these cities: and Israel dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all the villages thereof.
dwelt
31; 32:33-42; Deuteronomy 2:12
in Heshbon
Heshbon was situated, according to Eusebius, twenty miles east of Jordan; and Jerome, who places it at the same distance, says it was, in his time, a very considerable city. It still subsists, in ruins, under the name of Heshban.
Song of Solomon 7:4; Isaiah 15:4; 16:8,9; Jeremiah 48:2,34,45
villages
Heb. daughters.
Ezekiel 16:46,49,53
Reciprocal: Numbers 21:34 - as thou;  Judges 11:20 - GeneralJudges 11:26 - Heshbon;  1 Chronicles 6:81 - Heshbon;  Jeremiah 49:2 - her daughters

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Numbers 21:25". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/numbers-21.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

Numbers 21:25And Israel took all these cities. As if speaking of something present, he uses the demonstrative pronoun, and says, “these cities,” just as if he were pointing them out to the eyes of his readers. The word which we have rendered “towns” (oppida,) (130) others translate “country-houses” (villas,) or “hamlets” (viculos.) In the Hebrew, Moses calls by the name of “daughters” all the villages and lesser towns, whose mother-city (metropolis) was Heshbon. By these words, however, Moses indicates that, by the right of war, all these places had fallen into the hands of the Israelites, as the lot of their inheritance; for, as I have lately said, God had not yet openly declared that they should be masters of this part of the country. They would consequently have over-passed their boundaries, unless these had been added to the land of Canaan. This is the reason why God openly declares that they possessed them by His authority. But when he says that the cities were destroyed, and all their inhabitants exterminated, so that neither women nor children were spared, let us understand that they dealt not thus cruelly of their own impulse, or in heedless violence, but that whatsoever was on the other side of Jordan was devoted to destruction by God, that they might always have their minds fixed on the promised land, and might never give way to listlessness, which would have been the case if an easy occupation of it had invited them to repose. Although, therefore, God delivered over the land to them hereafter, and suffered them to enrich themselves with its booty and spoils, yet He would not have it retained as a place of residence, and therefore commanded them to destroy its cities and villages, in order that they might seek their rest elsewhere. In fine, since they were abundantly disposed to be slothful, it was expedient that all snares should be removed, and that by the very desolation they might be urged forward whither God called them.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Numbers 21:25". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/numbers-21.html. 1840-57.