Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Proverbs 20:2

The terror of a king is like the growling of a lion; He who provokes him to anger forfeits his own life.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Citizens;   Lion;   Thompson Chain Reference - King's;   Nation, the;   Wrath;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;   Lion, the;  
Dictionaries:
Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Lion;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Pardon;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Proverbs, the Book of;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Proverbs, Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Lion;  
Encyclopedias:
The Jewish Encyclopedia - Lion;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The fear of a king - Almost the same with Proverbs 19:12; (note), which see.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/proverbs-20.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Sinneth against his own soul - i. e., Against his own life (compare Habakkuk 2:10).

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/proverbs-20.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

"The terror of a king is as the roaring of a lion: He that provoketh him to anger sinneth against his own life."

This is exactly the kind of proverb we should have expected from Solomon. See the comments on Proverbs 16:14-15, p. 190 in my commentary on Proverbs. This proverb is parallel to the thought there.

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/proverbs-20.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

The fear of a king is as the roaring of a lion,.... The wrath and displeasure of a king, which causes fear; see Proverbs 19:12; kings should be terrors to evil works and workers, though not to good ones, Romans 13:3. This is true of the King of kings, who one day will be terrible to the drunkards, the mockers, and murderers of his people, before spoken of;

whoso provoketh him to anger sinneth against his own soul; he exposes his life to danger: the Targum supplies it as we do. It may be rendered, his "soul sinneth"F1חוטא נפשו. ; he is guilty of sin, as well as is in danger of punishment; see Proverbs 8:36.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/proverbs-20.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

The fear of a king [is] as the roaring of a lion: [whoever] provoketh him to anger b sinneth [against] his own soul.

(b) Puts his life in danger.
Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/proverbs-20.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

(Compare Proverbs 19:12). Men who resist authority injure themselves (Romans 13:2).

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/proverbs-20.html. 1871-8.

Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary

2 A roaring as of a lion is the terror of the king;

And he that provoketh him forfeiteth his life.

Line first is a variation of Proverbs 19:12. The terror which a king spreads around ( מלך, gen. subjecti ., as, e.g., at Job 9:34 and generally) is like the growling of a lion which threatens danger. The thought here suggested is that it is dangerous to arouse a lion. Thus מתעבּרו does not mean: he who is angry at him ( Venet .: χολούμενος αὐτῷ ), but he who provokes him (lxx, Syr., Targ., Jerome, Luther). התעבּר signifies, as we saw at Proverbs 14:16, to be in a state of excessive displeasure, extreme anger. Here the meaning must be: he who puts him into a state of anger (lxx, ὁ παροξύνων αὐτόν, in other versions with the addition of καὶ ἐπιμιγνύμενος, who conducts himself familiarly towards him = מתערבו ). But can mitharvo have this meaning? That the Hithpa . of transitive stems, e.g., התחגּן (1 Kings 8:59) and השׁתּמּר (Micah 6:16), is construed with the accus. of that which any one performs for himself (cf. Ewald's Gramm. Arab . §180), is not unusual; but can the Hithpa . of the intrans. עבר, which signifies to fall into a passion, “express with the accusative the passion of another excited thereby” (Ewald, §282a)? There is no evidence for this; and Hitzig's conjecture, מתעבּרו ( Tiphel of the Targ. תּעבור = עברה ), is thus not without occasion. But one might suppose that התעבּר, as the reflexive of a Piel or Hiphil which meant to be put into a state of anger, may mean to draw forth the anger of any one, as in Arab., the VIIIth form ( Hithpa .) of ḥaḍr, to be present, with the accus. as reflexive of the IVth form, may mean: sibi aliquid praesens sistere . Not so difficult is חטא with the accus. of that which is missing, vid ., Proverbs 8:36 and Habakkuk 2:10.

Copyright Statement
The Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.
Bibliographical Information
Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/proverbs-20.html. 1854-1889.

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary on the Bible

See here, 1. How formidable kings are, and what a terror they strike upon those they are angry with. Their fear, with which (especially when they are absolute and their will is a law) they keep their subjects in awe, is as the roaring of a lion, which is very dreadful to the creatures he preys upon, and makes them tremble so that they cannot escape from him. Those princes that rule by wisdom and love rule like God himself, and bear his image; but those that rule merely by terror, and with a high hand, do but rule like a lion in the forest, with a brutal power. Oderint, dum metuant - Let them hate, provided they fear. 2. How unwise therefore those are that quarrel with them, that are angry at them, and so provoke them to anger. They sin against their own lives. Much more do those do so that provoke the King of kings to anger. Nemo me impune lacesset - No one shall provoke me with impunity.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Henry, Matthew. "Complete Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". "Matthew Henry Complete Commentary on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mhm/proverbs-20.html. 1706.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

The fear of a king is as the roaring of a lion: whoso provoketh him to anger sinneth against his own soul.

The fear — The terror which the wrath of a king causes.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/proverbs-20.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Proverbs 20:2 The fear of a king [is] as the roaring of a lion: [whoso] provoketh him to anger sinneth [against] his own soul.

Ver. 2. The fear of a king is as the roaring of a lion.] See Proverbs 16:14; Proverbs 19:12.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/proverbs-20.html. 1865-1868.

The Popular Commentary by Paul E. Kretzmann

v. 2. The fear of a king, the terror spread by his anger, is as the roaring of a lion, 19:12; whoso provoketh him to anger sinneth against his own soul, foolishly risks and even forfeits his own life.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Kretzmann, Paul E. Ph. D., D. D. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". "Kretzmann's Popular Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kpc/proverbs-20.html. 1921-23.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Proverbs 20:2. The fear of a king, &c.— Or, The terror of a king is as the roaring of a young lion: he who rageth against him, sinneth, &c. Houbigant renders it, The threatening of a king.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/proverbs-20.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The fear of a king, passively taken, the terror which the wrath of a king causeth, by comparing this with Proverbs 19:12.

Sinneth against his own soul; exposeth himself to manifest danger of death.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/proverbs-20.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

2.The fear of a king — The dread, terror, which a king inspires in those brought before him.

Provoketh him — Stirs him up to anger.

Sinneth against his own soul — Against his life, or himself; forfeits his life. Comp. Proverbs 6:32; Proverbs 8:36; Proverbs 16:14; Proverbs 19:12.

 

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/proverbs-20.html. 1874-1909.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

sinneth = erreth. Hebrew. chata". App-44.

soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/proverbs-20.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

The fear of a king is as the roaring of a lion: whoso provoketh him to anger sinneth against his own soul.

The fear of a king (the fear which a king excites) (is) as the roaring of a lion: (Whoso) provoketh him to anger sinneth (against) his own soul - (Habakkuk 2:10.) So Adonijah in provoking King Solomon (1 Kings 2:23). How terrible the consequences to one's self of provoking the King of kings! (Psalms 2:12.)

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/proverbs-20.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(2) The fear of a king is as the roaring of a lion, i.e., the dread which he casts upon others when he is becoming angry is a warning of approaching. danger.

Sinneth against his own soul—i.e., against his own life.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/proverbs-20.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The fear of a king is as the roaring of a lion: whoso provoketh him to anger sinneth against his own soul.
fear
16:14,15; 19:12; Ecclesiastes 10:4; Hosea 11:10; Amos 3:8
sinneth
8:36; 1 Kings 2:23
Reciprocal: Numbers 16:38 - sinners;  Esther 1:12 - was the king;  Proverbs 24:22 - who;  Proverbs 28:15 - a roaring;  Proverbs 29:24 - hateth;  Proverbs 30:31 - against;  Ecclesiastes 8:4 - the word;  Ecclesiastes 10:16 - and;  Daniel 2:12 - GeneralAmos 1:2 - The Lord;  Romans 13:3 - rulers;  Romans 13:4 - be;  2 Timothy 4:17 - and I:1 Peter 5:8 - as

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-20.html.

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible

Посмотрите,

(1) как грозны цари, каким ужасом они поражают тех, на кого гневаются. Гроза царя (особенно если он обладает абсолютной властью и его воля – закон), с помощью которой он поддерживает подчиненных в благоговении, как бы рев льва; он очень страшен для животных, на которых охотится, и заставляет их так трепетать от страха, что они не могут сбежать от него. Те цари, которые царствуют с мудростью и любовью, подобны самому Богу и носят Его образ, а те, которые царствуют с помощью ужаса и террора, владычествуют, как лев в лесу – с помощью жестокой власти. Oderint, dum metuant – дайте им ненавидеть и обеспечьте страхом.

(2) Как глупо поступает тот, кто ссорится с царем, кто гневается на него и тем самым раздражает его. Тот грешит против самого себя. Намного больше грешат те, кто раздражает Царя царей. Nemo me impune lacesset – никто не будет провоцировать меня безнаказанно.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Henry, Matthew. "Concise Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". "Matthew Henry Concise Commentary
>
>on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mhn/proverbs-20.html. 1706.

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible

How formidable kings are to those who provoke them! how much more foolish then is it to provoke the King of kings!

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Henry, Matthew. "Concise Commentary on Proverbs 20:2". "Matthew Henry Concise Commentary
>
>on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mhn/proverbs-20.html. 1706.