Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Proverbs 20:20

He who curses his father or his mother, His lamp will go out in time of darkness.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Children;   Darkness;   Lamp;   Mother;   Thompson Chain Reference - Blasphemy-Profanity;   Children;   Cursing;   Darkness;   Filial Honour;   Honour;   Light-Darkness;   Mothers;   Respect;   Young People;   The Topic Concordance - Curses;   Parents;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Lamps;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Lamp;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Family Life and Relations;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Pardon;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Proverbs, the Book of;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Proverbs, Book of;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Lamp;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Prov'erbs, Book of;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Lamp;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Dark;   Obscurity;   Relationships, Family;   Woman;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Ancestor Worship;   Cursing;   Eye;   Family and Family Life;   Fear of Man;   Furniture, Household;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Whoso curseth his father - Such persons were put to death under the law; see Exodus 21:17; Leviticus 20:9, and here it is said, Their lamp shall be put out - they shall have no posterity; God shall cut them off both root and branch.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/proverbs-20.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

A connecting link between Leviticus 20:9 and Matthew 15:4. The words, “his lamp shall be put out,” describe the failure of outward happiness.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/proverbs-20.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

"Whoso curseth his father or his mother, His lamp shall be put out in blackness of darkness."

Cursing father or mother was a capital offense under the law of Moses (Exodus 21:17; Leviticus 20:9; Matthew 15:4); and there is an obvious reference to that in this proverb. In America today, a teen-ager may murder his parents, claim child-abuse as an excuse, and get off with ten years probation and a year of psychiatric counseling at the state's expense. When will we ever learn?

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/proverbs-20.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Whoso curseth his father or his mother,.... This is dreadful indeed! a person must be got to a great pitch of wickedness to do this; to curse his parents, one or other of them, that have been the instruments of his being, and by whom he has been brought up and put out into the world; to slight them, despise them, and mock at them, is highly base and criminal, but to curse them is shocking! what can such expect but the curse of God upon them?

his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness; he shall be deprived of his natural sight; see Proverbs 30:17; or the very light of nature shall be extinct in him; and indeed such an one acts as if not guided by it, nor under its influence; or whatsoever favour from the Lord he has enjoyed, it shall be taken from him; his lamp or candle of outward felicity shall be quenched, and burn no longer; see Job 18:5; or his soul, the candle of the Lord, in him, Proverbs 20:27; shall be removed; or he "shall die", not only a corporeal but an eternal death; see Exodus 21:17; "blackness of darkness"F8באישון חשך "in obscuritate tenebrarum", Pagninus, Mercerus; "in nigredine tenebrarum", Michaelis. as the words may be rendered, are reserved for him in the world to come, and which will be his portion, Judges 1:13.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/proverbs-20.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

his lamp — (Compare Proverbs 13:9; Proverbs 24:20).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/proverbs-20.html. 1871-8.

Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary

The following group begins, for once more the aim of this older Book of Proverbs becomes prominent, with an inculcation of the fourth

(Note: i.e., The fifth according to the arrangement of the Westminster Confession.)

commandment.

20 He that curseth his father and his mother,

His light is extinguished in midnight darkness.

The divine law, Exodus 21:17; Leviticus 20:9, condemns such an one to death. But the proverb does not mean this sentence against the criminal, which may only seldom be carried into execution, but the fearful end which, because of the righteousness of God ruling in history, terminates the life of such an unnatural son (Proverbs 30:17). Of the godless, it has already been said that their light is extinguished, Proverbs 13:9, there is suddenly an end to all that brightened, i.e., made happy and embellished their life; but he who acts wickedly ( קלּל, R. קל, levem esse , synon. הקלה, Deuteronomy 27:16), even to the cursing of his father and mother, will see himself surrounded by midnight darkness (Symmachus, σκοτομήνῃ, moonless night), not: he will see himself in the greatest need, forsaken by divine protection (Fleischer), for Jansen rightly: Lux et lucerna in scripturis et vitae claritatem et posteritatem et prosperitatem significat . The apple of the eye, אישׁון, of darkness ( vid ., Proverbs 7:9), is that which forms the centre of centralization of darkness. The Syr. renders it correctly by bobtho, pupil of the eye, but the Targ. retains the אשׁוּן of the Kerı̂, and renders it in Aram. by אתוּן, which Rashi regards as an infin., Parchon as a particip. after the form ערוּך ; but it may be also an infin. substantive after the form עזוּז, and is certainly nothing else than the abbreviated and vocally obscured אישׁון . For the Talm. אשׁן, to be hard, furnishes no suitable idea; and the same holds true of אשׁוּני, times, Leviticus 15:25 of the Jerusalem Targ.; while the same abbreviation and the same passing over of o into u represents this as the inflected אישׁון (= עת ). There is also no evidence for a verb אשׁן, to be black, dark; the author of Aruch interprets אשׁונא, Bereschith Rabba, c. 33, with reference to the passage before us, of a dark bathing apartment, but only tentatively, and אישׁון is there quoted as the Targ. of צל, Genesis 19:8, which the text lying before us does not ratify. Ishon means the little man (in the eye), and neither the blackness (Buxtorf and others) nor the point of strength, the central point (Levy) of the eye.

(Note: Vid ., Fleischer in Levy's Chald. Wörterbuch, i. 419.)

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The Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.
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Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/proverbs-20.html. 1854-1889.

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary on the Bible

Here is, 1. An undutiful child become very wicked by degrees. He began with despising his father and mother, slighting their instructions, disobeying their commands, and raging at their rebukes, but at length he arrives at such a pitch of impudence and impiety as to curse them, to give them scurrilous and opprobrious language, and to wish mischief to those that were instruments of his being and have taken so much care and pains about him, and this in defiance of God and his law, which had made this a capital crime (Exodus 21:17, Matthew 15:4), and in violation of all the bonds of duty, natural affection, and gratitude. 2. An undutiful child become very miserable at last: His lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness; all his honour shall be laid in the dust, and he shall for ever lose his reputation. Let him never expect any peace or comfort in his own mind, no, nor to prosper in this world. His days shall be shortened, and the lamp of his life extinguished, according to the reverse of the promise of the fifth commandment. His family shall be cut off and his posterity be a curse to him. And it will be his eternal ruin; the lamp of his happiness shall be put out in the blackness of darkness (so the word is), even that which is for ever, Judges 1:13, Matthew 22:13.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Henry, Matthew. "Complete Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". "Matthew Henry Complete Commentary on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mhm/proverbs-20.html. 1706.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.

Lamp — His name and memory shall utterly perish.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/proverbs-20.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Proverbs 20:20 Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.

Ver. 20. Whoso curseth his father, &c.] {See Trapp on "Exodus 21:17"} {See Trapp on "Matthew 15:4"} Parents usually give their children sweet and savoury counsel; but they, for want of grace, listen rather to flatterers and whisperers, vilipending their parents’ advice, and vilifying them for the same, as Eli’s sons did.

His lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.] Heb., In blackness of darkness. These are those "raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever." [ 1:13] All exquisite torment such are sure of in hell, whom the Holy Ghost curseth in such an emphatic manner, in such exquisite terms; besides the extreme misery they are likely here to meet with, who, when they ought to be "a lamp" to their parents, 1 Kings 15:4 as Abner was, or by his name should have been - do seek to put out their lamp, to cast a slur upon them, and to "quench their coal that is left," as she said, 2 Samuel 14:7. It may very well be that the temporal judgment here threatened, is, that such a graceless child shall die childless, and that there shall be Nullus cui lampada tradat.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/proverbs-20.html. 1865-1868.

The Popular Commentary by Paul E. Kretzmann

v. 20. Whoso curseth his father or his mother, in a bold and blasphemous transgression of the Fourth Commandment, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness, the picture being that of hopeless destruction of property and life, a condemnation under the wrath of God.

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Kretzmann, Paul E. Ph. D., D. D. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". "Kretzmann's Popular Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kpc/proverbs-20.html. 1921-23.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Or his mother, Heb. and his mother; which is used for or, Exodus 12:5 Leviticus 6:3, and elsewhere.

His lamp; his comfort and happiness, his name and memory, which are oft compared in Scripture to

a lamp or light; shall be put out in obscure darkness; shall utterly perish; he shall die childless, and with ignominy.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/proverbs-20.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

20.Whose curseth his father or his mother — The word may mean, either by speaking of them lightly or contemptuously, or especially uttering against them imprecations, and thus in the boldest manner transgressing the fifth commandment.

His lamp — Denoting life, happiness, descendants.

Shall be put out — Extinguished. This is a threatening of heavy calamity. Some understand it to import an extinction of posterity. His lamp shall be quenched, his family shall become extinct. Under the law, those who ill treated their parents were put to death. Leviticus 20:9; Exodus 20:12; Exodus 21:17; Matthew 15:4; Mark 7:10.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/proverbs-20.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Lamp. Prosperity, or children.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/proverbs-20.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

curseth = revileth.

lamp shall be put out. A Figure of speech Hypocatastasis (App-6), denoting that he shall die childless.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/proverbs-20.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.

Whoso curseth his father ... his lamp (the temporary prosperity which he may have) shall be put out in obscure darkness - literally, 'in the obscurity of darkness;' i:e., in the most extreme misery, the outer and everlasting darkness.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/proverbs-20.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(20) His lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.—See above, on Proverbs 13:9.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/proverbs-20.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.
curseth
30:11,17; Exodus 20:12; 21:17; Leviticus 20:9; Deuteronomy 27:16; Matthew 15:4; Mark 7:10-13
his
13:9; 24:20; Job 18:5,6,18; Matthew 22:13; 25:8; Jude 1:13
lamp
or, candle.
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 21:18 - obey the voice;  2 Samuel 18:9 - taken up;  Job 11:20 - their hope;  Job 12:5 - a lamp;  Job 21:17 - oft;  Job 29:3 - candle;  Ezekiel 22:7 - set;  Ezekiel 32:8 - dark;  Ephesians 6:2 - GeneralColossians 3:20 - obey;  1 Timothy 1:9 - murderers

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-20.html.

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible

Этот стих говорит о том, что

(1) непослушный ребенок постепенно становится нечестивцем. Он начинает с того, что пренебрегает отцом и матерью, смотря сквозь пальцы на их наставления, не повинуясь их повелениям, возмущаясь их упреками, и потом достигает такой степени наглости, что проклинает их, оскорбительно и непристойно разговаривает с ними, желая зла тем, кто был инструментом его бытия, прилагал так много усилий и заботился о нем. Тем самым он бросает вызов Богу и Его закону, делая свою вину заслуживающей смерти (Исх. 21:17; Мат.15:4), нарушая узы долга, природных чувств и благодарности.

(2) В конце своей жизни непокорное дитя становится очень несчастным: его светильник погаснет среди глубокой тьмы. Его слава окажется лежащей во прахе; он навсегда потеряет свою добрую репутацию. Такой человек не должен надеяться иметь мир или утешение в своем разуме, как и процветать в этом мире. Его дни будут сокращены и светильник жизни угаснет за непокорность пятой заповеди. Его семья будет истреблена, а потомство – проклято. Это будет его вечной гибелью; светильник его блаженства будет поставлен во мрак тьмы (дословный перевод), который будет навеки (Иуда 13; Мат.22:13).

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Henry, Matthew. "Concise Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". "Matthew Henry Concise Commentary
>
>on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mhn/proverbs-20.html. 1706.

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible

An undutiful child will become very miserable. Never let him expect any peace or comfort.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Henry, Matthew. "Concise Commentary on Proverbs 20:20". "Matthew Henry Concise Commentary
>
>on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mhn/proverbs-20.html. 1706.