Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Proverbs 5:14

"I was almost in utter ruin In the midst of the assembly and congregation."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Adultery;   Harlot (Prostitute);   Temptation;   Women;   Young Men;   The Topic Concordance - Disobedience;   Whoredom;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Prostitution;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Proverbs, Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Medicine;   Proverbs, Book of;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Proverbs book of;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Wisdom;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Chastity;   Congregation;   Godliness;   ;   Joseph ben Simeon;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

I was almost in all evil - This vice, like a whirlpool, sweeps all others into its vortex.

In the midst of the congregation and assembly - In the mydel of the Curche and of the Synagoge - Old MS. Bible. Such persons, however sacred the place, carry about with them eyes full of adultery, which cannot cease from sin.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Proverbs 5:14". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/proverbs-5.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The conscience-stricken sinner had been “almost” given up to every form of evil in the sight of the whole assembly of fellow-townsmen; “almost,” therefore, condemned to the death which that assembly might inflict Leviticus 20:10; Deuteronomy 22:22. The public scandal of the sin is brought in as its last aggravating feature.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Proverbs 5:14". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/proverbs-5.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

I was almost in all evil,.... Scarce a sin but he was guilty of; contempt of private and public instructions, the instructions of parents and ministers of the Gospel, and following lewd women, commonly lead to the commission of all other sins, even the most atrocious. Some understand this, not of the evil of sin, but of the evil of punishment; and that the sense is, that there is scarce any calamity, distress, or misery, that a man can be in, but his profaneness and lewdness had brought him into; and he was just upon the brink of hell itself: and so Jarchi paraphrases it,

"there was but a step between me and hell.'

Aben Ezra observes, that the past is put for the future, "I shall be"; and then the meaning is, in a little or in a short time I shall be in complete misery; and so they are the words of one under consciousness of sin, despairing of mercy;

in the midst of the congregation and the assembly; that is, either be despised and neglected the instructions which were given in a public manner; or he committed all the evil he did openly; not only in company with wicked men, which he frequented, but even in the presence and before the people of God; yea, before the civil magistrates, the great sanhedrim, which is sometimes designed by the last word here used: or when he was in the house of God, attending public worship, his eyes were full of adultery, and his heart of impure lusts; and neither place, service, nor people of God, where he was, commanded any awe and reverence in him, nor in the least restrained his unclean thoughts and wanton desires; and which is mentioned as an aggravation of guilt. Or else the sense is, that his calamities and miseries were as public as his crimes; he was made a public example of, and all the people were witnesses of it; which served to spread his infamy, and make his punishment the more intolerable: both the sins and punishment of those that commit fornication with the whore of Rome will be public and manifest, Revelation 18:5.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 5:14". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/proverbs-5.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

I was almost in all evil in the midst of the congregation and g assembly.

(g) Although I was faithfully instructed in the truth, yet I almost fell to utter shame and destruction nonetheless, by good bringing up in the assembly of the godly.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Proverbs 5:14". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/proverbs-5.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

evil — for affliction, as in Genesis 19:20; Genesis 49:15.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 5:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/proverbs-5.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

I was almost in all evil in the midst of the congregation and assembly.

A moment — In how little a time am I now come into remediless misery! Assembly - And that in the congregation of Israel, where I was taught better things.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 5:14". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/proverbs-5.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Proverbs 5:14 I was almost in all evil in the midst of the congregation and assembly.

Ver. 14. I was almost in all evil.] Abraham Ben Ezra reads it in the future tense, Brevi ero in omni malo, I shall shortly be in all evil; and so his repentance here appears to be poenitentia sera, Iscariotica, such as was that of Judas and of those popelings, [Revelation 18:19] a desperate repentance, and not "toward God," [Acts 20:24] not a repentance for sin, as it is offensivum Dei, et aversivum a Deo, an offence against God, and a turning away from him. Such a repentance in this man had been, as the Romans said of Pompey, (a) Eχθρου πατρος φιλτατον τεχνον, a fair and happy daughter of an ugly and odious mother - of his sin I mean, the sight whereof had sent him to Christ.

In the midst of the congregation.] That is, Openly, and before all men. And this he brings as an aggravation of his misery, that there were so many eye witnesses thereof. No unclean person can have any assurance that his sin shall always be kept secret, no, not in this life. The Lord hath oft brought such - sometimes by terror of conscience, sometimes by frenzy - to that pass, that themselves have been the blazers and proclaimers of their own secret filtifiness. Yea, observe this, saith one, (b) in them that are the most cunning in this sin, that, though nobody peradventure can convince them evidently of the fact, yet everybody, through the just judgment of God, condemns them we for it. As the Lord seeth their secret villanies, even so ofttimes he testifieth agaiust them, accordins to that which he threateneth, "I will be a swift witness against the adulterers." [Malachi 3:5]

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 5:14". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/proverbs-5.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Proverbs 5:14. I was almost in all evil I am plunged into almost all evils in the midst of the assembly of my people. Calmet. Houbigant renders it, I am well nigh become the most miserable of all those amongst whom I live. "What a wretched man am I! There is scarcely any misery in respect of estate, or body, or soul, into which I am not already plunged." The words also are, and may be well rendered thus, In a moment I am come into almost all evil. "In how little a time, and for what short and momentary pleasures, am I now reduced to extreme and remediless evils!"

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Proverbs 5:14". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/proverbs-5.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

I was almost in all evil. Oh what a miserable man am I! There is scarce any misery, in respect of estate, or body, or soul, into which I am not already plunged. The words also are and may well be rendered thus, In a moment I am come into all evil. In how little a time, and for what short and momentary pleasures, am I now come into extreme and remediless misery!

In the midst of the congregation and assembly: I, who designed and expected to enjoy my lusts with secrecy and impunity, am now made a public example and shameful spectacle to all men, and that in the congregation of Israel, where I was taught better things, and where such actions are most infamous and hateful.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Proverbs 5:14". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/proverbs-5.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

14.In all evil — The common interpretation is, The gratification of my lusts by degrees led me into nearly all kinds of wickedness; not merely in secret, but openly; in the assembly of God’s people even, in the presence of the magistrates and judges. Such persons, however sacred the place, have eyes full of adultery, which cannot cease from sin. Compare Numbers 25:7; Numbers 35:12. But very respectable critics interpret differently, namely, that the adulterer was exposed to punishment for his crime, and this punishment usually terminated in his being sold into slavery — probably to a cruel master. Proverbs 5:9. If the injured person prosecuted the adulterer, he might insist on the punishment of death, (Deuteronomy 22:22,) but if he chose he might act more leniently, and sell him into bondage, the price obtained being accepted as a mulct for the crime. What a slave earns by his toil goes into the house of his master, and becomes his wealth. Proverbs 5:10. By the assembly (Proverbs 5:14) is understood the magistrates and judges — the sanhedrin, which surrounded him to condemn and punish him by stoning to death. Understood thus, the all evil of the verse would mean the great evil, the extreme danger, to which he was exposed. See Stuart in loco; also Zockler, who translates, “Well nigh had I fallen into utter destruction, in the midst of the assembly and the congregation.”

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Proverbs 5:14". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/proverbs-5.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Evil. Infirm and worn out, having lost my reputation, &c. (Calmet) --- Though I lived among the faithful, I was under no restraint. (Menochius)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Proverbs 5:14". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/proverbs-5.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

I was almost in all evil. The Beth Essentiae denotes "in", in the sense of "as" = I soon became as an evil man, &c. See App-75.

almost = in a little while. Hebrew. kim"at. Occurs eighteen times (Genesis 26:10. 2 Samuel 19:36. 1 Chronicles 16:19. 2 Chronicles 12:7. Ezra 9:8. Job 32:22. Psalms 2:12; Psalms 73:2; Psalms 81:14; Psalms 94:17; Psalms 105:12; Psalms 119:87. Psalms 5:14; Psalms 10:20. Song of Solomon 3:4. Isaiah 1:9; Isaiah 26:20. Ezekiel 16:47). It is rendered "almost" only in Psalms 73:2, Psalms 119:87, and here, where it may as well be rendered "soon" or "quickly" as in Job 32:22. Psalms 81:14; Psalms 94:17 (margin) It denotes in a little time, as in Psalms 2:12; Psalms 105:12 (= soon numbered). 2 Chronicles 12:7 (= a little while). Song of Solomon 3:4 (= a little while; i.e. scarcely). Isaiah 26:20.

evil. Hebrew. ra"a". App-44.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Proverbs 5:14". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/proverbs-5.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

I was almost in all evil in the midst of the congregation and assembly.

I was almost in all evil-in the midst of the congregation and assembly. There was scarcely any sin that I did not engage in; and this, in the midst of the congregation and assembly - i:e., openly, shamelessly, in the assembly for worship, where of all places I should have abstained from evil: like the Israelite committing fornication with the Midianite woman in the sight of all the congregation (Numbers 25:6-7; Ezekiel 8:5-16); and like Eli's sons "at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation (1 Samuel 2:22). Too "congregation" - Hebrew, qaahaal (Hebrew #6951) - means the whole body of worshippers, the Church [ ekkleesia (Greek #1577)], without reference to a fixed place or appointed time of meeting. The "assembly" - [Hebrew, `eedaah (Hebrew #5712)] - means, on the contrary, an appointed meeting of the congregation at a fixed place and time. Every assembly of persons meeting together is 'eedaah. But a great consenting assembly or body, consisting of the citizens of one state as distinct from others, is qaahaal. The church and the congregation is the best translation. Lust makes men shameless and reckless as to all sin.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 5:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/proverbs-5.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(14) I was almost in all evil . . .—Rather, I had almost fallen into every sin: I was so infatuated that I might have committed any sin, and that openly before all. Or, I might have been visited with extremest punishment at the hands of the congregation, death by stoning (Leviticus 20:10, John 8:5). The offender’s eyes are now opened, and he shudders at the thought of the still greater troubles into which he might, in his infatuation, have fallen.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Proverbs 5:14". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/proverbs-5.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

I was almost in all evil in the midst of the congregation and assembly.
13:20; Numbers 25:1-6; Hosea 4:11-14; 1 Corinthians 10:6-8; 2 Peter 2:10-18; Jude 1:7-13
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 8:6 - even

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 5:14". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-5.html.