Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 15:8

And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from His power; and no one was able to enter the temple until the seven plagues of the seven angels were finished.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - God;   Plague;   Temple;   The Topic Concordance - Wrath;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Power;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Jesus Christ;   Order;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Heaven;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Moses;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Plague;   Smoke ;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Temple, the;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Smoke;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Finish;   Print;   Revelation of John:;   Smoke;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The temple was filled with smoke - So was the tabernacle when consecrated by Moses, Exodus 40:34, Exodus 40:35, and the temple when consecrated by Solomon, 1 Kings 8:10, 1 Kings 8:11; 2 Chronicles 5:14. See Isaiah 6:4. This account seems at least partly copied from those above.

When the high priest entered into the holy of holies, and the ordinary priest into the holy place, they always carried with them a great deal of smoking incense, which filled those places with smoke and darkness, which prevented them from considering too attentively the parts and ornaments of those holy places, and thus served to produce an air of majesty in the temple, which none dared to approach without the deepest reverence. To this Calmet thinks the allusion may be here.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-15.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And the temple was filled with smoke - The usual symbol of the divine presence in the temple. See the notes on Isaiah 4:5; Isaiah 6:4.

From the glory of God - From the manifestation of the divine majesty. That is, the smoke was the proper accompaniment of the Divine Being when appearing in majesty. So on Mount Sinai he is represented as appearing in this manner: “And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the Lord descended on it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly,” Exodus 19:18. The purpose here seems to have been, partly to represent the smoke as the proper symbol of the divine presence, and partly to represent it as so filling the temple that no one could enter it until the seven plagues were fulfilled.

And from his power - Produced by his power; and the symbol of his power.

And no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled - Until those vials had been poured out, and all that was indicated by them was accomplished. The meaning here seems to be, that no one would be permitted to enter to make intercession - to turn away his wrath - to divert him from his purpose. That is, the purpose of punishment had been formed, and would certainly be executed. The agents or instrumentalities in this fearful work had been now sent forth, and they would by no means be recalled. The mercy-seat, in this respect, was inaccessible; the time of judgment on the great foe had come, and the destruction of the grand enemy of the church was certain. The point, therefore, at which this vision leaves us is, that where all the preparations are made for the infliction of the threatened punishment on the grand anti-Christian power which had so long stood up against the truth; where the agents had prepared to go forth; and where no intercession will ever avail to turn away the infliction of the divine wrath. The detail follows in the next chapter.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-15.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and none was able to enter into the temple, until the seven plagues of the seven angels should be finished.

And the temple was filled with smoke ... "The main point of this is the inevitability of the plagues. When God's good time has come, nothing can stop final judgment."[47] This symbolizes the judicial hardening of the incorrigibly wicked. It will be recalled from Isaiah 6:4ff that the "smoke" from God's presence meant the prophecy of the hardening of Israel. So here, the smoke means that, in this situation, God's work of grace is finished. "None was able to enter into the temple." "The sanctuary is inaccessible ... the time for intercession is past."[48]

Rather than limit this to the end time, when this very condition of the human race will probably have occurred, why should it not also include the irrevocably wicked of any and all generations? It is a dreadful thing to contemplate, no matter how it may be interpreted. How dreadful must be that day, when for any man, or any nation, there comes the time when God's face is turned away, when his holy presence is obscured by smoke, and when prayer may receive no answer except the petitioner's agony. The bowls of the wrath of God were indeed once poured out upon rebellious Jerusalem, not because she rebelled against Rome, but because she had previously rebelled against God in the rejection of Christ. They were again poured out upon pagan Rome. When the vast wicked empire had finished with tormenting and persecuting the saints, and when the time came for God to humiliate her under the heel of the invader, the city fell in 476 A.D. From this it may be concluded that there is no world situation of entrenched wickedness anywhere on earth that has ever been safe, or ever will be safe, from the type of judgments signified by these bowls.

[47] Leon Morris, op. cit., p. 191.

[48] F. F. Bruce, op. cit., p. 656.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-15.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the temple was filled with smoke,.... Not with the smoke of false doctrine and superstition; that comes out of the bottomless pit, this from God, Revelation 9:2 and besides, Gospel churches will grow purer and purer, while the seven angels are pouring out the vials: but rather this may be understood of judicial blindness and hardness of heart, upon the antichristian party, which will come upon them from God in righteous judgment; so that they will not be reformed by the plagues, and vials of wrath, nor repent of their sins; but blaspheme God, who has power over the plagues, and so shall not be able to enter into the temple: or else this may design God's powerful and gracious presence in his church, in allusion to the cloud which filled the tabernacle, so that Moses could not enter; and which filled the temple, so that the priests could not minister, Exodus 40:34 since this is said to be

from the glory of God, and from his power; whose presence is the glory in the midst of his church, and a covert, a protection and defence, to the saints, so that none can come into the temple to hurt them: see Isaiah 4:5 or rather this intends "the smoke of the anger of God", as the Ethiopic version renders it, and which is intolerable; and it may have respect not only to the wrath of God, which is insupportable, but to that great affliction which will befall the saints in those times, through the last struggle of the beast; called the earthquake, and the hour of temptation, and a time of trouble, as never the like was, and which will be shortened for the elect's sake:

and no man was able to enter into the temple till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled. None of the anti-Christian party will attempt to enter in, because of their blindness and obduracy; nor can they get in to do any mischief, because the glorious and powerful presence of God is a defence against them: and this may also have some respect to the darkness of God's judgments, which will not be clearly manifest until these seven plagues are accomplished; till that time God's judgments on antichrist will remain a great deep, and be unsearchable; there will be no entering into the temple, so as fully to understand them, which is meant by going into the sanctuary of God, Psalm 73:17 and this makes the interpretation of the pouring out of these vials, in the next chapter, very difficult.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-15.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; 14 and no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled.

(14) None of those seven angels could return, till he had performed fully the charge committed to him, according to the decree of God.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/revelation-15.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

filled — (Isaiah 6:4); compare Exodus 40:34; 2 Chronicles 5:14, as to the earthly temple, of which this is the antitype.

the glory of God and  …  power — then fully manifested.

no man was able to enter  …  the temple — because of God‘s presence in His manifested glory and power during the execution of these judgments.

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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-15.html. 1871-8.

People's New Testament

And the temple was filled with smoke... and none was able to enter into the temple until, etc. Does this mean that the heavens are shut against man during this period? Does it mean that no one can enter the true Church until the plagues are poured out? So some have mistakenly maintained. The doors of the kingdom were opened on Pentecost, and will never be closed until the marriage supper of the Lamb. The true meaning is plain. The place of intercession has just been seen. The seven {wrath} angels came forth. The smoke then fills the temple so that no one can approach the place of intercession. The Greek original says {no one,} instead of {no man}. It means that the Divine purpose is fixed; the wrath angels {shall} pour out their vials, {there is no place longer given for intercession} to prevent the just judgments of God. The time of intercession has passed by, and the time for judgment has come. "No one can enter the temple" to the tabernacle of testimony, the place of intercession, to avert these judgments "till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled."

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Original work done by Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
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Johnson, Barton W. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "People's New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pnt/revelation-15.html. 1891.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Was filled with smoke (εγεμιστη καπνουegemisthē kapnou). First aorist passive indicative of γεμιζωgemizō (from γεμωgemō), to fill full, and with the genitive καπνουkapnou (smoke). Smoke is here the symbol of God‘s presence (Exodus 19:18; Isaiah 6:5).

Till should be finished (αχρι τελεστωσινachri telesthōsin). Temporal clause for future time with αχριachri (equal to εωςheōs in import) and the first aorist passive subjunctive of τελεωteleō a metaphorical and symbolic “smoke screen” to keep all out of the sanctuary for the time being.

sa60

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-15.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Smoke

Compare Exodus 40:34; 1 Kings 8:10; Psalm 18:8; Isaiah 6:4; Ezekiel 10:2-4.

None was able to enter

“God cannot be approached at the moment when He is revealing Himself in all the terrors of His indignation” (Milligan). See Exodus 19:21.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-15.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled.

And the temple was filled with smoke — The cloud of glory was the visible manifestation of God's presence in the tabernacle and temple. It was a sign of protection at erecting the tabernacle and at the dedication of the temple. But in the judgment of Korah the glory of the Lord appeared, when he and his companions were swallowed up by the earth. So proper is the emblem of smoke from the glory of God, or from the cloud of glory, to express the execution of judgment, as well as to be a sign of favour. Both proceed from the power of God, and in both he is glorified.

And none — Not even of those who ordinarily stood before God.

Could go into the temple — That is, into the inmost part of it.

Till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled — Which did not take up a long time, like the seven trumpets, but swiftly followed each other.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-15.html. 1765.

Scofield's Reference Notes

angels

(See Scofield "Hebrews 1:4").

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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
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Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Revelation 15:8". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/revelation-15.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

8 And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled.

Ver. 8. And the temple was filled] This shows that God graciously approves and miraculously protects the reformed Churches. See Exodus 40:34-35, 1 Kings 8:10. So he did the Hussites in Bohemia. All Germany was up in arms against them. Actum iam de Hussitis videbatur. Verum Germani, nondum viso hoste, Panico terrore perculsi, diffugerunt, saith the historian. And when things seemed to be in a desperate condition, the Germans, smitten with a panic terror, fled all away before they had looked the enemy in the face. How wonderfully is Geneva preserved in the midst of many mighty enemies! What should I speak of Rochelle relieved, and Leyden rescued, both from heaven! We of this nation have lately seen as much of God’s glory and power in our temple as ever did any.

Till the seven plagues] No Antichristian could understand the end of the seven plagues, till beaten into a better mind. Vexatio dat intellectum.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-15.html. 1865-1868.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Revelation 15:8. καπνοῦ, smoke) The covering of the Divine majesty.(176)

εἰς τὸν ναὸν, into the temple) although it was opened, ver. 5. When the plagues are finished, approach to the temple is permitted.—V. g.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-15.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

And the temple; that is, the church, as temple most ordinarily signifieth in this book.

Was filled with smoke: by smoke, doubtless, is meant confusions and troubles.

From the glory of God, and from his power; caused by God’s glorious manifestation of his power, in bringing antichrist to ruin, who had so twisted his interest with that of the civil magistracy in several kingdoms, that there was no rooting him out, without a terrible shaking of all those parts of the earth where he set his foot.

And no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled; so as no part of the church could be at rest until God had fulfilled his ruin by these plagues: nor must any quiet state of the church be expected, until this great work be effected.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-15.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

наполнилсядымом Ср. Исх. 19:16-18; 40:34-35; 3Цар. 8:10, 11; Ис. 6:4.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-15.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Smoke; the symbol of God’s presence, as a holy and jealous God prepared to execute vengeance on the wicked. 1 Kings 8:10; Isaiah 6:4.

No man was able to enter; because of the smoke: alluding to the cloud which covered the tabernacle, and filled the temple when they were dedicated. Exodus 40:34-35; 1 Kings 8:10-11. Though God often waits long upon the wicked and his judgments seem to linger, in due time they will come; and continuance in sin against all warnings and entreaties will bring inevitable and overwhelming destruction.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-15.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

REFLECTIONS

READER! we were called upon in the last Chapter, to shout with songs of holy joy, in beholding the Lord, our great and glorious Redeemer, standing with his Church, on Mount Zion, encircled with his army: and here we are called upon again, to shout with the Church, in beholding the people of God, who have gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his mark, standing upon the sea of glass mingled with fire, singing the song of Moses and the Lamb! Oh! the felicity, when from a renewed heart, regenerated by grace, we can sing the praises of Him, who hath called us out of darkness, into his marvellous light!

And already we contemplate the sure victory over hell, and all the awful heresies abounding, in the view of the angels going forth from the Church of God, with their vials of God's wrath, to pour out upon them. Every false religion, every idol, and abomination, shall sink under the dreadful plague, to be poured upon them. The man of sin, that mystery of iniquity, which still doth work, shall be destroyed; and that wicked one, both of East, and West, the Lord will consume with the Spirit of his mouth, and destroy, with the brightness of his coming. We see the seven angels coming forth from the temple. We behold them armed with the seven golden vials, full of the wrath of God. And, by faith, we contemplate the glory of God which shall assuredly follow, when they begin their awful visitation. Lord Jesus! arm thy redeemed with grace, and strengthen them with power, to bear their testimony against the awful abominations of the day. And, oh! for grace to look on, stand still, and see the salvation of our God! For yet a little while, and the antichristian heresy of the West, and the false prophet of the East, shall both be no more; and the true Church of Christ shall behold them, with the dragon, all cast alive into the lake of fire and brimstone, and shall never again harass and afflict the Church anymore. Even so: Amen!

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Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/revelation-15.html. 1828.

Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

4. And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled--15:8. The vision of the cloud-filled temple filled with the smoke from the glory of God, and from his power was the symbol of the invisible presence of God. As recorded in Exodus 40:34-35 none could enter the tabernacle during the manifestations of God's presence. So in this vision no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled--that is, until the order of events resulting in the destruction of the old Jerusalem and the old temple had been accomplished, after which the new Jerusalem, and the new temple would be open to all true worshipers; when the tabernacle of God with men would be accessible to all nations of men. But until this succession of events occurred the entrance of the temple was barred, and none could appear in intercession before God to avert the doom of destruction pronounced on Jerusalem, that once "faithful city turned harlot," and the fallen Babylon of apostasy.

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Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-15.html. 1966.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

The smoke probably symbolizes the presence of God (cf. Exodus 19:18; Exodus 40:34; 1 Kings 8:10-11; 2 Chronicles 5:11-14; 2 Chronicles 7:1-3; Isaiah 6:4; Ezekiel 11:23; Ezekiel 44:4). No one could enter God"s presence until He had finished judging the earth-dwellers. This indicates the climactic nature of these judgments.

This chapter is really more of a prelude to chapter16 than a conclusion to chapters12-14. Chapters12-14record prophetically historical information about the Great Tribulation but not in the chronological sequence of the three sets of seven judgments (seals, trumpets, and bowls). Chapter15 is similar to Revelation 8:1 in that it prepares for the next set of judgments, the bowls. It prepares for the resumption of the chronological progression of events on earth that ended temporarily in Revelation 11:19.

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-15.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 15:8. And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from his power. This smoke is no smoke of incense, nor is it simply the thick cloud of the majesty of God. It is the smoke by which He is surrounded as the righteous Lawgiver, that which proceeds from the fire of His wrath. The figure seems to be derived from Exodus 40:34-35.

And no one was able to enter into the temple till the seven plagues of the seven angels should be finished. The meaning of these words is perhaps best to be ascertained by comparing them with Exodus 19:21. God cannot be approached at the moment when He is revealing Himself in all the terrors of His indignation.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-15.html. 1879-90.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Revelation 15:8. And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God — In the same manner the tabernacle, when it was consecrated by Moses, and the temple, when it was dedicated by Solomon, were both filled with a cloud, and the glory of the Lord; which cloud of glory was the visible manifestation of God’s presence at both times, and a sign of God’s protection. But in the judgment of Korah, when the glory of the Lord appeared, he and his companions were swallowed up by the earth. So proper is the emblem of smoke from the glory of God, or from the cloud of glory, to express the execution of judgment, as well as to be a sign of favour. Both proceed from the power of God, and in both he is glorified. And no man — Not even those who ordinarily stood before God; was able to enter into the temple — As neither Moses could enter into the tabernacle, nor the priests into the temple, when the glory of the Lord filled those sacred places; a further proof of the majestic presence and extraordinary interposition of God in the execution of these judgments: till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled — Or were finished: till they had poured them out by the divine command.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/revelation-15.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

The temple was filled with smoke, &c., as in the time of Solomon. (2 Paralipomenon vii.) (Witham) --- The vials are given to the Angels by one of the four living creatures, that is, by a prophet, because at that time the effects had not happened, but were to happen in time to come, and are therefore announced by way of prophecy; and the temple was filled with smoke, manifesting first the majesty of God, and secondly his power. (Pastorini)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/revelation-15.html. 1859.

Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books

Hailey points out three Old Testament uses of smoke in relation to God"s work. (1.) Smoke was used to represent His glory. (Exodus 19:18; Habakuk 3:3) (2.) It represented God"s anger being poured out in judgment. (Deuteronomy 29:20; Psalms 18:8; Psalms 74:1) (3.) Smoke was used to represent God"s protective care enshrouding the faithful. When the tabernacle was finished and later when Solomon"s temple was finished, God"s glory filled those places so no one could enter. (Exodus 40:34-35; 1 Kings 8:10-11) This smoke may, therefore, best be thought of as God"s glory filling his dwelling place so no one could enter while his wrath is being poured out in plagues upon the earth. The time for mercy is over and God is ready to punish those who have not repented.

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Hampton, Gary. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghc/revelation-15.html. 2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

glory. See p. 1511.

power. App-172.

no man = no one. Greek. oudeis.

into. App-104.

were fulfilled. Compare App-125.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-15.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled.

Temple was filled (Isaiah 6:4 : cf. Exodus 40:34; 2 Chronicles 5:14) - the earthly temple, of which this is antitype.

The glory of God, and ... power - then fully manifested.

No man was able to enter into the temple - because of God's manifested glory and power during these judgments.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-15.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(8) And the temple . . .—Translate, And the temple (the same word—naos—is used as in Revelation 11:1) was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his might; and no one was able to enter into the temple until the seven plagues of the seven angels should be finished. As in the wilderness (Exodus 40:34-35), and as at the dedication of Solomon’s temple (1 Kings 8:10-11), the tokens of God’s presence filled the temple, so it is now, but with a difference: it is smoke, not cloud, which is the symbol of God’s presence. But the vision which perhaps, under all circumstances, most nearly corresponds with the present is that of Isaiah (Isaiah 6); there the prophet beheld the vision of God. His train filled the temple, and the house was filled with smoke, and a message of judgment was given to the prophet; that message declared that the sin of the people had reached a climax: they had trifled with convictions, and henceforward the words of God’s servants would harden rather than awaken them. “Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes,” &c. (Isaiah 6:9-10), till the desolating judgments had fallen. The general drift of the present vision is similar; the days of warning are over: the plagues which now fall will fall on those who have trifled with convictions: the sanctuary which was opened as a refuge is now closed: none can enter till the plagues have descended. The time has come when the judgments of God fail to stir the conscience which has been deadened by sin; the day when the gracious influences towards repentance was felt has passed. The word that has been spoken is about to descend in judgment (John 7:48). “Who shall not pray, with an agony of earnestness, From hardness of heart and contempt of Thy word and commandment, good Lord, deliver us?” (Dr. Vaughan).

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-15.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled.
was
Exodus 40:34; 1 Kings 8:10; 2 Chronicles 5:14; Psalms 18:8-14; Isaiah 6:4
from the
Psalms 29:9; 2 Thessalonians 1:9
no
Jeremiah 15:1; Lamentations 3:44; Romans 11:33
till
1 Reciprocal: Exodus 19:18 - GeneralExodus 40:35 - General1 Kings 8:9 - when;  2 Chronicles 7:2 - the priests;  Isaiah 6:1 - filled;  Ezekiel 10:4 - and the house;  Revelation 8:4 - General

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-15.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

Temple was filled with smoke. This was not the smoke of incense as is sometimes mentioned, for that occurs only when righteous servants are performing worship, and that is not what is going on now. It is the smoke of God's wrath against the corruptions of the beast. Those guilty of the corruptions are under judgment and God is about to execute wrath upon them. It is too late for them to expect mercy from God, hence no one will be permitted to enter the temple to plead for it.

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-15.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 15:8

Revelation 15:8 And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled.

The glory of God, and his power in his holy temple, was so great, and his presence in the midst of a dark cloud of smoke, so terrible, that Moses was not able to enter into the tent (or tabernacle) of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle, { Exodus 40:34-38} and so his cloudy presence filled the holy Temple, { 1 Kings 8:10-12} nor could the priests enter into worship, for the glory of Gods presence, though he veiled himself with a dark cloud.

And no man was able to enter into the Temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled;

that Isaiah, until the Roman Papal Church, and all her harlots, national or parochial, and all false worship and worshippers be destroyed, by the righteous judgments and last plagues of God Almighty.

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Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-15.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Revelation 15:8. And the temple was full of the smoke of the glory of God and of his power; and no one could go into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were finished. Smoke in the Revelation is always the product of fire, Revelation 8:4, Revelation 9:2, Revelation 14:11, Revelation 18:18, comp. Psalms 148:8; and must rather be regarded in this light here, as fire was all but expressly named in Revelation 15:7. For, when the golden vials are said to be full of the wrath of God, this can only be rendered visible by the symbol of fire. But fire, in so far as it belongs to God, constantly appears in the Revelation as a sign of his wrath. It is no contradiction to this view of the smoke, as proceeding from the fire of God's wrath, that it is said to be the smoke "of (literally, out of) the glory of God, and of his power." For, this does not properly denote the origin of the smoke, but the origin of the fact, that the temple was full of the smoke of God. In Habakkuk 2:14, also, "for the earth is full of the knowledge of the glory of the Lord, as waters cover the sea," the glory of the Lord is an angry one, manifesting itself in judgments. So also in the fundamental passage, Numbers 14:21; and here in ver. 10, and in ch. Revelation 16:19, where the wrathful glory of the Lord appears before the whole community. It is decidedly confirmed by Isaiah 6:4, "and the house was full of smoke." The whole manifestation there bears a wrathful character. Isaiah cries out before an angry God, "Woe is me, for I am undone." The message he receives is one of wrath. Of the same description, too, is the smoke in Exodus 19:18, "And Mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the Lord descended on it in fire, and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace." The whole manifestation there also was an angry one—comp. Hebrews 12:18. It called aloud to Israel, that his God was a consuming fire, that no one could escape, who might venture to set at nought his commandments. Nowhere in Scripture is smoke a symbol "of God's presence as rich in grace," or "a covering of the divine majesty, so that no one might come too near, or approach at an unseasonable time." (See my Comm. on Psalms 18:8, and for some further remarks on smoke as a symbol of divine anger).

The second part rests on Exodus 40:34-35, "Then the cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle. And Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle." Comp. also 1 Kings 8:10-11, "And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the holy place, that the cloud filled the house of the Lord; so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud. For the glory of the Lord filled the house of the Lord." The cloud there corresponds to the smoke here, and produced the same effect; although we must still carefully distinguish between them, and not, like Vitringa, put the cloud in place of the smoke in both passages alike. That the cloud, as usual in other cases, bears also a threatening character in the pillar of cloud and fire, is plain from the correspondence between the fire by night and the cloud by day (Numbers 9:15-16). It was out of the cloud that destruction came forth on the Egyptians (Exodus 14:24). In the pillar of cloud the Lord came down to execute judgment on Miriam and Aaron (Numbers 12:5). But there, as well as here, the threatening carries a promise in its bosom. If Israel is truly Israel, it affects only the enemies, and is to him a pledge of salvation (Num. 9:35). The God of energetic zeal for righteousness is his God. So long as Israel was the people of the Lord the pillar of cloud exclaimed to all his enemies, "Touch not mine anointed, and do my prophets no harm." So here; that the temple is full of smoke, and no one is able to go into it, this is "a sign for believers, that the Lord in love to them was now going to complete the destruction of their enemies."(Züllig). Besides, we see quite plainly in Isaiah 6 the reason why none could enter in. If God manifests himself in the whole glory of his nature, in the whole energy of his punitive righteousness, the creature must feel itself penetrated by a deep, feeling of its nothingness— not merely the sinful creature, as there in the case of Isaiah, but also the finite, according to Job 4:18, Job 15:15. Comp. on the words in ch. Revelation 1:17, "and I fell down at his feet as dead." Bengel remarks, "when God pours out his fury, it is fit that even those who stand well with him should withdraw for a little, and should restrain their inquiring looks. All should stand back in profound reverence, till by and bye the sky become clear again." Bossuet, too, "while God strikes, one betakes to flight, and rather endeavours to conceal one's self than to enter into the place whence the strokes proceed. When he has ceased to send forth his plagues we may then again enter into his sanctuary to consider there the order of his judgments."

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-15.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

Depot of divine wrath upon Babylon—in Jerusalem temple, Revelation 15:8.

8.Smoke from the glory—The glory was as a central fire-point, whence issued the smoke, or intense vapour, indicative of the actual divine PRESENCE.

And from his power—As if within this citadel of the Lord’s capital, namely, the Jerusalem temple, the concentrated omnipotence of Jehovah was gathered, charged with destructive judgment, ready to be discharged upon the devoted capital of Satan.

No man was able to enter—The divine Presence was so dense as to exclude all entrance; was too sacred for mortal approach; too fearful for mortal safety. So at the completion of the first tabernacle the glory of the Lord within excluded even Moses. Exodus 40:34-35. So also at the completion of Solomon’s temple the priests were excluded by the filling glory. 1 Kings 8:10-11.

Till’ plagues’ fulfilled—So that Jehovah himself, within the mystic Jerusalem temple, is the source whence Babylon’s destruction goes forth through the plagues of his ministers of justice. They are but the manifested forms of the secret, sacred, avenging power in the holy place. Until the retributions do their perfect work the central fire is burning in the temple, into which none may enter.

And now, from that awful Presence in the holy place, the commission of the seven angels is about to go forth. So the next words will declare.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-15.html. 1874-1909.

The Bible Study New Testament

8. The temple wasfilled with smoke. Symbolic of the complete and thorough action of God’s wrath. [Compare Isaiah 6:4; Isaiah 14:31; Psalms 14:1; Psalms 18:8.]No one could go into the temple. God’s wrath has closed the door of mercy. No one can “plead with God” for the rebels who are about to be punished. Compare 1 John 5:16. [This does not mean God has closed the doors to the church of Christ. Those doors were opened that Pentecost, and will not be closed until Christ’s Second Coming. But those who rebel against God Almighty finally reach a place where they have used up all their opportunities. Then there is nothing left at all, but the certain vengeance of the Lord.]

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Revelation 15:8". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/revelation-15.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.