Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 16:20

And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Good and Evil;   Island;   Meteorology and Celestial Phenomena;   Wicked (People);   Scofield Reference Index - Antichrist;   Resurrection;   The Topic Concordance - Day of the Lord;   Earthquakes;   Israel/jews;   War/weapons;   Wrath;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Earthquakes;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Babylon;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Millennium;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Order;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Antichrist;   Plagues of Egypt;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Mount Mountain ;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Desire of All Nations;   Island;   Revelation of John:;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Every island fled away - Probably meaning the capture of seaport towns, and fortified places.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-16.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And every island fled away - Expressive of great and terrible judgments, as if the very earth were convulsed, and everything were moved out of its place. See the notes on Revelation 6:14.

And the mountains were not found - The same image occurs in Revelation 6:14. See the notes on that place.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-16.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.

Every island ... mountains were not found ... For ages, such convulsions of nature have been understood as symbolical references to the fall of nations and governments; but in the holy Scriptures, "such things are invariably associated with the final judgment";[78] and that is the way we understand them here. The removal of the earth itself is to be accompanied by a mighty earthquake (Hebrews 12:27,28). Therefore Ladd may have been exactly correct in viewing the last three verses of this chapter as "a renovation of the entire created order and the ushering in of a new heavens and a new earth."[79] Whatever is the exact implication of the language here, it would seem to be certain that the final judgment day itself is the occasion in view.

Barnes and other historicists see in this chapter such various things as: successive historical blows by which the Papacy will fall, the French Revolution, the Napoleonic wars, the successive revolutions that came after Napoleon, and various other events, even the battle of Armageddon! To us, however, that entire system of interpretation is erroneous. Some of the things "seen" by such. interpreters in Revelation are surely there; but no blueprint of the future is to be found. Revelation has been fulfilled, is being fulfilled, and is yet to be fulfilled. Is not this exactly the meaning of what John said in Revelation 1:19?

The great hail ... This is to be viewed as another element in the great convulsions of nature coming at the end of time.

Men blasphemed God ... In the judgment? Yes. The hardened will not change, whatever may be their experience. This vision stops short of revealing what God will do with such per sons, but later episodes in the prophecy will make it starkly clear.

[78] A. Plummer, op. cit., p. 397.

[79] George Eldon Ladd, op. cit., p. 218.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-16.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And every island fled away,.... This may be understood either of the dissolution of the world, the present heavens and earth, when there will be no more sea, Revelation 21:1 and so consequently no islands:

and the mountains were not found; for the earth and the heaven will be fled away at the appearance of Christ the Judge, and there will be no place found for them, Revelation 20:11 and new heavens, and a new earth, without sea or mountains, will succeed: or rather this may signify the utter extirpation of all the antichristian powers in every shape, whether on islands or on the continent; for this day of the Lord will be upon every high mountain and hill, to bring them low, and the Lord alone shall be exalted, Isaiah 2:14 and may particularly respect the dissolution of monasteries, and the plundering them of their riches and revenues.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-16.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And every island fled away, and the mountains 29 were not b found.

(29) That is, were seen no more, or were no more extant. A borrowed Hebraism.

(b) Literally "appeared not"; (Genesis 5:24)

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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/revelation-16.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Plainly parallel to Revelation 6:14-17, and by anticipation descriptive of the last judgment.

the mountains — rather as Greek, “there were found no mountains.”

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-16.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Fled (επυγενephugen). Second aorist active indicative of πευγωpheugō Islands sometimes sink in the sea in earthquakes (Revelation 6:14).

Were not found (ουχ ευρετησανouch heurethēsan). First aorist passive indicative of ευρισκωheuriskō See Revelation 20:11 for the same idea.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-16.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.

Every island and mountain was "moved out of its place," Revelation 6:14; but here they all flee away. What a change must this make in the face of the terraqueous globe! And yet the end of the world is not come.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-16.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.

Ver. 20. Fled away] Either swallowed up by the water or consumed by the fire.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-16.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

These are the effects of great earthquakes: see Revelation 6:14. Some, by islands and mountians, understand the inhabitants of both. I know not whether those reverend authors, who by this term understand their idol worship and superstition, or ecclesiastical dignities, (I suppose because the heathens, and Jews, in imitation of them, committed idolatry on mountains and high hills), be not here too critical.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-16.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

всякий остров убежалгор не стало Это мощное землетрясение коренным образом изменит топографию всей земли и приготовит ее для грядущего Тысячелетнего Царства (ср. 6:12-14; Ис. 40:4, 5; Иер. 4:23-27).

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-16.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Every island fled away-the mountains were not found; representing the overthrow by mighty revolutions of all the powers opposed to Christ and his people.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-16.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

The earthquake will produce other effects. It will level mountains and cause islands to disappear. A less literal view is that it will only produce political turmoil. [Note: Caird, p209.] As the Flood produced global topographical changes, so will this earthquake. It will prepare the earth for the Edenic conditions that the prophets predicted would characterize the earth during the Millennium. These changes will be a foreview of the final disappearance of the old creation and the creation of a new earth (cf. Revelation 20:11; Revelation 21:1-2). A literal interpretation of these changes does not preclude an earthly reign of Christ, as some have claimed. [Note: E.g, Beasley-Murray, p247.]

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-16.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 16:20. And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. The particular thus mentioned is the sixth, and the language used is even stronger than that of chap. Revelation 6:14, ‘and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.’ The climax of judgment appears in the climax of description.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-16.html. 1879-90.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.

Parallel to Revelation 6:14-17; by anticipation descriptive of the last judgment.

The mountains - `there was found no mountains.'

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-16.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(20) And every island fled.—So wide-spread are the effects of the earthquake; the convulsion tests every spot; there is only one kingdom which cannot be shaken. (Comp. Daniel 2:44; Daniel 6:26; Hebrews 10:28.)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-16.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.
6:14; 20:11; Isaiah 2:14-17; Jeremiah 4:23-25
Reciprocal: Psalm 46:3 - mountains;  Ezekiel 38:19 - Surely;  Zechariah 4:7 - O great;  Revelation 18:21 - and shall

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-16.html.

Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 16:20. — "And every island fled, and mountains were not found."{*Under the sixth Seal "mountain and Island were moved out of their places" (Revelation 6:14), here the greater severity of the judgment is intimated in their complete disappearance, "not found."} Detached or isolated interests and governments, as islands separated from the mainland, are overwhelmed in the universal catastrophe; while seats of authority and stability, as mountains, are dissolved. Ruin is everywhere, and on everything, however seemingly firm and stable. Everything that God has not established must go in the general wreck. Such, then, are the effects of the mighty earthquake.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition available at BibleSupport.com. Public Domain.
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Scott, Walter. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". "Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sor/revelation-16.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

Island in symbolic language means inhabited spots and mountains denotes units of government. John saw these flee away in the vision which was symbolical, and the meaning is on the same subject that has been under consideration through many of the passages, namely, the downfall of the political power of Rome.

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-16.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 16:20

Revelation 16:20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.

By island, we may understand such things as are separated from a common unto some sacred (or rather superstitious) use; such are all popish consecrated and dedicated things, as parish churches, cathedrals, abbies, priories, nunneries, bishops, lands, glebe lands, dean and chapter lands, etc. All these

fled away

that Isaiah, they shall be removed and restored to their common use as before their consecration or dedication. By

mountains

here, we may understand the great powers, dominions, and kingdoms of the Roman papal monarchy, and all other monarchs and monarchies of the world, ( Isaiah 40:4; Jeremiah 51:25; Zechariah 4:7 especially, Daniel 2:21-45).

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Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-16.html.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Revelation 16:20. Here, as at Revelation 6:14, the removal of hills tallies with the Iranian belief (shared by later Jewish Christian apocalyptic, cf. Böklen, 131 f.) that mountains as the work of Ahriman would disappear with him (S. B. E. ver. 129), leaving the earth in its ideal state of a smooth plane on which mankind could dwell in unity of speech and intercourse, free from barriers. The collocation of mountain and island (so Revelation 6:14) is possibly a relic of the ancient point of view, for which (i.e., for dwellers in the West) these formed the apparent source of the sun’s rising, where his light first became visible.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Revelation 16:20". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/revelation-16.html. 1897-1910.