Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 18:16

saying, ‘Woe, woe, the great city, she who was clothed in fine linen and purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls;
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Colors;   Pearl;   The Topic Concordance - Judges;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Commerce;   Precious Stones;   Riches;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Poetry of the Hebrews;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - City;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Color, Symbolic Meaning of;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Stones, Precious;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Dress;   Pearl;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Crimson;   Minerals and Metals;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Babylon;   Linen;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Colours;   Debt, Debtor;   Gold ;   Linen ;   Mourning;   Pearl ;   Precious;   Precious Stones ;   Trade and Commerce;   Witness;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Babylon the Great ;   Pearl;   Purple;   Scarlet;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Babel;   Babylon;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - City;   Old - golden;   Palm;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Purple;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Babylon in the New Testament:;   Color;   Fine;   Linen;   Purple;   Ships and Boats;   Worm;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Clothed in fine linen, and purple, etc. - The verb περιβαλλεσθαι, which we here translate clothed, signifies often to abound, be enriched, laden with, and is so used by the best Greek writers; see many examples in Kypke. These articles are not to be considered here as personal ornaments, but as articles of trade or merchandise, in which this city trafficked.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 18:16". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-18.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And saying, Alas, alas … - notes on Revelation 18:10.

That was clothed in fine linen - In the previous description Revelation 18:12-13, these are mentioned as articles of traffic; here the city, under the image of a female, is represented as clothed in the most rich and frivolous of these articles.

And purple, and scarlet - See the notes on Revelation 17:3-4. Compare Revelation 18:12 of this chapter.

And decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls - notes on Revelation 17:4.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 18:16". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-18.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And saying, alas, alas! that great city,..... Using the same words the kings of the earth do, Revelation 18:10 only adding, suitable to their characters as merchants, and the things they traded in with her,

that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls; See Gill on Revelation 18:12, Revelation 17:4, see also Ezekiel 27:32.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 18:16". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-18.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

And — so Vulgate and Andreas. But A, B, and C omit.

decked — literally, “glided.”

stones … pearlsGreek, “stone … pearl.” B and Andreas read “pearls.” But A and C, “pearl.”

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 18:16". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-18.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

For the Woe see Revelation 18:10, and Revelation 18:19. For the next clause see Revelation 17:4 with the addition here of βυσσινονbussinon (Revelation 18:12).

For in one hour so great riches is made desolate (οτι μιαι ωραι ηρημωτη ο τοσουτος πλουτοςhoti miāi hōrāi ērēmōthē ho tosoutos ploutos). The reason (οτιhoti) for the “woe.” First aorist passive indicative of ερημοωerēmoō for which verb see Revelation 17:16; Revelation 18:19. This is the dirge of the merchants.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 18:16". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-18.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Decked ( κεχρυσωμένη )

See on Revelation 17:4.

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Bibliographical Information
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 18:16". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-18.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

Here the writer returns to the image of the woman, by which the city was represented in the Revelation 17:1-18.

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Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on Revelation 18:16". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/revelation-18.html. 1878.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

16 And saying, Alas, alas, that great city, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls!

Ver. 16. With gold and precious stones] All these avail not in the day of wrath. Neither need we envy wicked men their plenty; it is their portion, all they are like to have. The whole Turkish empire is nothing else, saith Luther, nisi panis mica, quam dives paterfamilias proiecit canibus, a crust cast to the dogs, by God the great householder. I have no stronger argument (said the same Luther) against the pope’s kingdom, quam quod sine cruce regnat, than this, that he suffered nothing. Surely there is the more behind, there will be bitterness in the end, no doubt.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 18:16". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-18.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Alas, alas that great city! The Church of Rome, that was so gay, and splendid, and rich, and glorious.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 18:16". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-18.html. 1685.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

The description of the city here is very similar to that of the harlot in Revelation 17:4. One city is in view in both chapters. This dirge begins and ends the same way as that of the kings in Revelation 18:10 did. However the merchants bewail the city"s lost opulence and splendor whereas the kings grieved over its broken strength (cf. Ezekiel 16:23; Ezekiel 28:13).

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 18:16". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-18.html. 2012.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

And. Omit.

Alas, alas, = Woe! woe! as Revelation 18:10 and Revelation 18:19.

that = the.

stones = stone.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 18:16". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-18.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And saying, Alas, alas, that great city, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls!

And. So Vulgate, Andreas; but 'Aleph (') A B C omit.

Decked - `gilded.'

Stones ... pearls - `stone ... pearl.' B, Andreas, read "pearls;' but A 'Aleph (') C, 'pearl.'

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 18:16". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-18.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And saying, Alas, alas, that great city, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls!
Alas
10,11; 17:4; Luke 16:19-31
Reciprocal: Judges 8:26 - purple;  2 Kings 6:5 - master;  Psalm 60:3 - to drink;  Isaiah 14:4 - golden city;  Isaiah 47:5 - for;  Jeremiah 48:39 - How is it;  Jeremiah 49:25 - GeneralJeremiah 50:23 - GeneralLamentations 1:1 - How doth;  Ezekiel 6:11 - Alas;  Ezekiel 24:8 - I have set;  Ezekiel 26:17 - How art;  Ezekiel 28:14 - stones;  Amos 5:16 - Wailing;  Nahum 3:7 - Nineveh;  1 Peter 1:7 - that;  Revelation 11:18 - shouldest;  Revelation 16:19 - the great;  Revelation 17:1 - I will;  Revelation 17:16 - and naked;  Revelation 18:19 - weeping;  Revelation 21:21 - pure

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 18:16". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-18.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

The items mentioned are used symbolically, but there is some special appropriateness in the materials named. The formalities of the old Pagan Roman ceremonies were copied by the clergy of Papal Rome. Linen was used for the official robes in the services, and purple and scarlet were the royal colors. The garments were decked literally with gold and precious stones. The city is said to have all these decorations because the scarlet woman was located in the city for her corrupt practices.

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Bibliographical Information
Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 18:16". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-18.html. 1952.