Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 2:22

Behold, I will throw her on a bed of sickness, and those who commit adultery with her into great tribulation, unless they repent of her deeds.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Adultery;   Church;   Contingencies;   Fellowship;   God Continued...;   Idolatry;   Impenitence;   Lukewarmness;   Minister, Christian;   Wicked (People);   Scofield Reference Index - Life;   Repentance;   Rewards;   The Topic Concordance - Adultery;   Government;   Heart;   Obedience;   Prophecy and Prophets;   Rendering;   Repentance;   Teaching;   Tribulation;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Afflictions of the Wicked, the;   Alliance and Society with the Enemies of God;   Repentance;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Jezebel;   Thyatira;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Patience of God;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Adultery;   Thyatira;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Adultery;   Thyatira;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Bed, Bedroom;   Fornication;   Nicolaitans;   Repentance;   Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Asia;   Magi;   Nicolas;   Peter, Second Epistle of;   Thyatira;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Bed, Couch;   House;   Moses;   Tares ;   Thyatira ;   Tribulation;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Adultery;   Tribulation;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Sepharvaim;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jezebel;   Thyatira;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Thyati'ra,;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Bed;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Divorce in Old Testament;   Philippi;   Revelation of John:;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Adultery;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Behold, I will cast her into a bed - "This again alludes to the same history. Ahaziah, son of Ahab and Jezebel, by his mother's ill instruction and example, followed her ways. God punished him by making him fall down, as is supposed, from the top of the terrace over his house, and so to be bedridden for a long time under great anguish, designing thereby to give him time to repent; but when, instead of that, he sent to consult Baalzebub, Elijah was sent to pronounce a final doom against his impenitence. Thus the son of Jezebel, who had committed idolatry with and by her advice, was long cast into the bed of affliction, and not repenting, died: in the same manner his brother Jehoram succeeded likewise. All this while Jezebel had time and warning enough to repent; and though she did not prevail with Jehoram to continue in the idolatrous worship of Baal, yet she persisted in her own way, notwithstanding God's warnings. The sacred writer, therefore, here threatens the Gnostic Jezebel to make that wherein she delighteth, as adulterers in the bed of lust, to be the very place, occasion, and instrument, of her greatest torment. So in Isaiah, the bed is made a symbol of tribulation, and anguish of body and mind. See Isaiah 28:20; Job 33:19.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-2.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Behold, I will cast her into a bed - Not into a bed of ease, but a bed of pain. There is evidently a purpose to contrast this with her former condition. The harlot‘s bed and a sick-bed are thus brought together, as they are often, in fact, in the dispensations of Providence and the righteous judgments of God. One cannot be indulged without leading on, sooner or later, to the horrid sufferings of the other: and how soon no one knows.

And them that commit adultery with her - Those who are seduced by her doctrines into this sin; either they who commit it with her literally, or who are led into the same kind of life.

Into great tribulation - Great suffering; disease of body or tortures of the soul. How often - how almost uniformly is this the case with those who thus live! Sooner or later, sorrow always comes upon the licentious; and God has evinced by some of his severest judgments, in forms of frightful disease, his displeasure at the violation of the laws of purity. There is no sin that produces a mere withering and desolating effect upon the soul than what is here referred to; none which is more certain to be followed with sorrow.

Except they repent of their deeds - It is only by repentance that we can avoid the consequences of sin. The word “repent” here evidently includes both sorrow for the past, and abandonment of the evil course of life.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-2.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

Behold, I cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of her works.

I cast her into a bed ... into great tribulation ... This appears to be an immediate and summary judgment against the type of wicked error rampaging in Thyatira. It is hard not to see in this exactly the same kind of judgment referred to in Revelation 2:16; that is, a divine visitation similar to that which befell Ananias and Sapphira (Acts 5:1-10). There even seems to be a distinction between "them that commit adultery with her," as in this verse, contrasted with "her children" in Revelation 2:23, suffering being the punishment here, and death there.

Except she repent ... Even yet, the gates of mercy had not closed, but this was the final warning.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-2.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Behold, I will cast her into a bed,.... Of sickness and languishing; and which denotes the sickly, pining, and languishing state of the church of Rome, as a just retaliation for her bed of luxury and deliciousness, adultery and idolatry, she had indulged herself in; this was threatened, and was yet to come, and began at the time of the Reformation, signified by the next church state; and, ever since, the whore of Rome has been visibly sickening and decaying. The Alexandrian copy reads, "into a prison":

and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation: the kings of the earth, and their subjects, who have joined in the idolatries and corruptions of the Romish church, Revelation 17:2, which may be understood either of that distress and uneasiness the Reformation in some countries gave them; or those outward troubles, wars, and desolations they have been since attended with, particularly the empire of Germany; which has been in great tribulation, formerly by the Turks, and of late by internal broils among themselves, and by the armies of other princes entering into it; or it may regard that eternal vengeance that will be recompensed to all such persons:

except they repent of their deeds; their spiritual fornication or idolatry, and all the abominations the members of that apostate church are guilty of. There seems to be an allusion in this verse to Ahaziah and Joram, sons of Ahab and Jezebel, who followed their mother's idolatrous practices, and were cast upon a bed of sickness, 2 Kings 1:2.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-2.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Behold — calling attention to her awful doom to come.

I willGreek present, “I cast her.”

a bed — The place of her sin shall be the place of her punishment. The bed of her sin shall be her bed of sickness and anguish. Perhaps a pestilence was about to be sent. Or the bed of the grave, and of the hell beyond, where the worm dieth not.

them that commit adultery with her — spiritually; including both the eating of idol-meats and fornication. “With her,” in the Greek, implies participation with her in her adulteries, namely, by suffering her (Revelation 2:20), or letting her alone, and so virtually encouraging her. Her punishment is distinct from theirs; she is to be cast into a bed, and her children to be killed; while those who make themselves partakers of her sin by tolerating her, are to be cast into great tribulation.

except they repentGreek aorist, “repent” at once; shall have repented by the time limited in My purpose.

their deeds — Two of the oldest manuscripts and most ancient versions read “her.” Thus, God‘s true servants, who by connivance, are incurring the guilt of her deeds, are distinguished from her. One oldest manuscript, Andreas, and Cyprian, support “their.”

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-2.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

I do cast (βαλλωballō). Futuristic present active indicative rather than the future βαλωbalō since judgment is imminent.

Into a bed (εις κλινηνeis klinēn). “A bed of sickness in contrast with the bed of adultery” (Beckwith).

Them that commit adultery with her (τους μοιχευοντας μετ αυτηςtous moicheuontas met' autēs). Present active articular participle accusative plural of μοιχευωmoicheuō The actual paramours of the woman Jezebel, guilty of both πορνειαporneia (fornication, Revelation 2:21) and μοιχειαmoicheia (adultery), works of Jezebel of old and of this Jezebel. There may be also an allusion to the spiritual adultery (2 Corinthians 11:2) towards God and Christ as of old (Jeremiah 3:8; Jeremiah 5:7; Ezekiel 16:22).

Except they repent (εαν μη μετανοησουσινean mē metanoēsousin). Condition of first class with εαν μηean mē and the future active indicative of μετανοεωmetanoeō put in this vivid form rather than the aorist subjunctive (ωσιν̇ōsin) third-class condition.

Of her works (εκ των εργων αυτηςek tōn ergōn autēs). ΑυτηςAutēs (her) correct rather than αυτωνautōn (their). Jezebel was chiefly responsible.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-2.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Into a bed

Of anguish. The scene of the sin is also the scene of the punishment.

Commit adultery ( μοιχεύοντας )

A wider term than πορνεῦσαι tocommit fornication. Compare the metaphorical meaning expressing the rebellion and idolatry of Israel (Jeremiah 3:8; Jeremiah 5:7; Ezekiel 16:32).

With her ( μετ ' αὐτῆς )

Not with her as the conjux adulteri, but who share with her in her adulteries.

Of their deeds ( ἐκ τῶν ἔργων αὐτῶν )

Read αὐτῆς her(deeds). Repent out of ( ἐκ ) as in Revelation 2:21.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-2.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds.

I will cast her into a bed-into great affliction-and them that commit either carnal or spiritual adultery with her, unless they repent - She had her time before.

Of her works — Those to which she had enticed their and which she had committed with them. It is observable, the angel of the church at Thyatira was only blamed for suffering her. This fault ceased when God took vengeance on her. Therefore he is not expressly exhorted to repent, though it is implied.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-2.html. 1765.

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

Into a bed; a bed of sickness and sufferings.

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Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/revelation-2.html. 1878.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

22 Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds.

Ver. 22. Behold, I will cast her into a bed] A bed of affliction for that bed of security upon which she had stretched herself, Amos 6:4. God hath his season, his harvest for judgment, Matthew 13:30. Men may expect a time of healing when they shall find nothing else but a time of trouble, Jeremiah 14:19. One may defer a sore till it be incurable. See Ezekiel 24:13.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-2.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Revelation 2:22. Behold, I will cast her into a bed, This again alludes to the same history. Ahaziah, son of Ahab and Jezebel, by his mother's ill instruction and example, followed her ways; and God punished him, by making him, or permitting him to fall down, as is supposed, from the top of the terrace over his house, and so to be bed-ridden for a long time under great anguish, designing thereby to give him time to repent; but when, instead of that, he sent to consult Baalzebub, 2 Kings 1:2-3. Elijah was sent to pronounce a final doom against his impenitence. Thus the son of Jezebel, who had committed idolatry with, and by her advice, was long cast into the bed of affliction, and, not repenting, died; and Jehoram his brother succeeded him. All this while Jezebel had time and warning enough to repent; and though she could not prevail with Jehoram to continue in the idolatrous worship of Baal, yet she persisted in her own way, notwithstanding God's warning. The sacred writer, therefore, here threatens the Gnostic Jezebel to make that wherein she delighteth, as adulterers in the bed of lust, to be the very place, occasion, and instrument of her greatest torment. So in Isaiah, the bed is made a symbol of tribulation, and anguish of body and mind. See Isaiah 28:20. Job 38:19.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/revelation-2.html. 1801-1803.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

22.] Behold (arrests attention, and prepares the way for something unexpected and terrible), I cast her (evidently against her will: but there is not necessarily violence in the word: it is the ordinary verb for being “cast” on a bed of sickness: see reff. and Matthew 8:6; Matthew 8:14) into a bed ( ἀντὶ τοῦ, εἰς ἀῤῥωστίαν, Areth(38): will change her bed of whoredom into a bed of anguish: see Psalms 41:3. So most Commentators. Perhaps the threat has reference to a future pestilence. Bed(39), Lyra, al., understand the bed to be “infernalis pœna,” the latter referring to Isaiah 14:11. Ansbert, curiously enough, “severitatis vel audaciæ lectum,” into which God casts his enemies before their destruction), and those who commit adultery (not now πορνεύοντας, but a more general term, embracing in its wide meaning both the πορνεῦσαι and εἰδωλόθυτα φαγεῖν, and well known as the word used of rebellious and idolatrous Israel, cf. Jeremiah 3:8; Jeremiah 5:7; Ezekiel 16:32 al.) together with her μετʼ αὐτῆς is not = αὐτήν, so that she should be the ‘conjux adulterii,’ but implies merely participation—those who share with her in her adulteries. These μοιχεύοντες μετʼ αὐτῆς, as interpreted by the tone with which the rebuke began, will mean, those who by suffering and encouraging her, make themselves partakers of her sin. And this rather favours the idea that not one individual, but a dominant party, is intended. See below) into great tribulation (this clause forms a kind of parallelism with the former, so that εἰς θλίψιν μεγ. is parallel with εἰς κλίνην. But it is not to be regarded as interpreting κλίνη. Her punishment and that of her children (see below) is one thing; that of the partakers in her adulteries, those in the church who tolerated and encouraged her, another, viz. great tribulation. This is forcibly shewn by the ἔργων αὐτῆς following), if they do not (aor.: speedily and effectually, shall not have done so by the time which I have in my thoughts) repent of her (not their: they are Christ’s servants who are tampering with her temptations and allowing themselves in her works, which are alien from their own spiritual life) works. And her children (emphatically put forward as distinguished from the last mentioned: q. d., “And as to her children, &c.” These are her proper adherents: not those who suffer her, but those who are begotten of her, and go to constitute her. Some Commentators have vainly dreamt of the slaughter of Ahab’s 70 sons, 2 Kings 10; but they were not Jezebel’s children. The historical figure is obviously dropped here) I will slay with (in, but perhaps merely instrumental: see above, on Revelation 2:16) death (the expression is probably a rendering of the Heb. מוֹת־יוּמַת, as in Leviticus 20:10, which the LXX render by θανάτῳ θανατούσθωσαν, and which there occurs in reference to adultery. But we need not, as Hengst., suppose a direct reference to that passage: for there is nothing of adultery here: we have done with τοὺς μοιχεύοντας μετʼ αὐτῆς, and are come to the judgment on τὰ τέκνα αὐτῆς): and all the churches (this remarkable expression, meaning not, all the Asiatic churches, but all the churches in the world till the end of time, lifts the whole of this threatening and its accompanying encouragements out of proconsular Asia, and gives us a glimpse into the œcumenical character of these messages) shall know (the fanciful Hengst. imagines a reference in γνώσονται to the false γνῶσις: but in so common and solemn a formula of the O. T., this must surely be out of the question) that I am he that searcheth the reins and the hearts (which, see reff. is the attribute of God: and therefore of the Son of God. Cf. Revelation 2:18 above, and note. Grotius says, “Per renes intelliguntur desideria, ut et Psalms 139:13, Jeremiah 12:2, Proverbs 23:16; per cor, cogitata, 1 Samuel 16:7; 1 Samuel 16:1 Reg. 8:39 al.” But it seems doubtful whether so minute a distinctionis in the words; whether they are not rather a general designation for the whole inward parts of a man): and I will give to you (‘will render, in My doom of judgment.’ The strain of the Lord’s message is Suddenly changed into a direct address to those threatened) to each according to your works ( ἔργα, not the mere outward products of the visible life, but the real acts and verities of the inward man, discerned by the piercing eye of the Son of God).

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/revelation-2.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Revelation 2:22. βαλῶ(42)) Thus Hunt. Æth. Arab. Lat. and many others, who read I will send, and Tertullian, who has I will give. The others read βάλλω. For the copyists frequently put λλ for λ in the use of this verb; and ἰδοὺ is usually construed with a present, though sometimes also with a future: Luke 1:20; Luke 1:31; Luke 1:48. And the future agrees with this passage, because the condition, unless they shall repent, gives an interval of time: and ἀποκτενῶ accords with βαλῶ: and lastly, in all these denunciations, the sense of the future prevails: ch. Revelation 2:5, κινήσω; Revelation 2:16, πολε΄ήσω; Revelation 2:24, βαλῶ, where also many read βάλλω; ch. Revelation 3:4, περιπατησουσι; Revelation 2:9, ποιήσω, with ἰδού; Revelation 2:20, εἰσελεύσο΄αι, κ. τ. λ.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-2.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

I will cast her into a bed; another kind of bed than she hath sinned in and by, not a bed of ease and pleasure, but of pain and torment. Nor shall the seduced escape, they shall also be cast into

great tribulation, pains and torments of conscience, or afflictions more corporal, either from the more immediate hand of God, or the hands of men.

Except they repent of their deeds; this is to be supposed to all God’s threatenings of judgments, the execution of them ordinarily may be prevented by repentance, and such is the patience of God, that he gives the vilest sinners a space to repent.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-2.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

на одрв великую скорбь Буквально на «ложе», на «постель». Предоставив этой женщине время для раскаяния, Бог должен судить ее на одре (на ложе), так как она пользовалась роскошной постелью для совершения любодеяний и удобной кушеткой на идолопоклоннических пирах, предлагая угощения лжебогам. Он должен был приготовить ей одр в аду, где она будет возлежать вечно.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-2.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

I will cast her into a bed; a bed of sickness, instead of the bed of fornication which she encourages. Thus Christ will punish her and her followers with great judgments.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-2.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 2:22. Behold, I do cast her into a bed, etc. The bed is not one of lust, but of sickness and sorrow (comp. Psalms 41:3).

And them that commit adultery with her. We are not to understand that she is the adulteress with whom sin is committed, but that, as she is an adulteress, so they along with her are also adulterers and adulteresses.—Except they repent out of her works. The contrast of ‘they’ and ‘her’ in these words is worthy of notice, showing as it does the close identification of the followers of Jezebel with herself (comp. John 9:4, and note there).

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-2.html. 1879-90.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

will = do.

tribulation. Compare Romans 2:8, Romans 2:9, Romans 2:16.

their = her, according to some texts.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-2.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds.

Behold - calling attention to her awful doom.

I will - present, 'I cast her.'

A bed. The bed of her sin shall be her bed of anguish. Perhaps a pestilence was to be sent. Or the bed of the grave, and the hell beyond, where the worm dieth not.

Them that commit adultery with her - spiritually: including both the idol meats and fornication. "With [ meta (Greek #3326)] her" implies participation in her adulteries-namely, by suffering her (Revelation 2:20), or letting her done, virtually encouraging her. Her punishment is distinct from theirs: she is to be cast into a bed, and her children to be killed; while those who partake in her sin, by tolerating her, are to be cast into great tribulation.

Except they repent, [ metanoeesoosin (Greek #3340)] - aorist, "repent" at once: shall have repented by the time limited in my purpose.

Their deeds. So A, Cyprian; but 'Aleph (') B C, Vulgate, Coptic, Syriac, 'her.' God's true servants, who, by connivance, incur the guilt of her deeds, are distinguished from her.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-2.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(22) I will cast her into a bed.—The chamber of voluptuousness will become the chamber of sickness. The spot of the sin shall be the scene of punishment. (Comp. 1 Kings 21:19.)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-2.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds.
and them
17:2; 18:3,9; 19:18-21; Ezekiel 16:37-41; 23:29,45-48
except
Jeremiah 36:3; Ezekiel 18:30-32; 33:11; Zephaniah 3:7; Luke 13:3,5; 2 Corinthians 12:21; 2 Timothy 2:25,26
Reciprocal: Exodus 9:2 - GeneralNumbers 5:16 - set her;  Proverbs 7:16 - decked;  Jeremiah 44:5 - they;  Ezekiel 32:25 - set her;  Luke 15:15 - he went;  John 8:11 - go;  Revelation 2:5 - and repent;  Revelation 2:16 - Repent;  Revelation 3:3 - repent;  Revelation 3:19 - repent;  Revelation 9:20 - yet

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-2.html.

Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation

JEZEBEL, HER ADHERENTS AND CHILDREN.

Revelation 2:22. — "Behold, I cast her into a bed, and those that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, unless they repent of her works, and her children will I kill with death." Here are three parties threatened with judgment: (1) Jezebel; (2) those having intercourse with her; (3) her children. We have been already told that Jezebel will not repent, so her judgment is certain; those, too, who traffic with her are threatened unless they repent of "her works." Her children — persons and systems — who are born of Rome, who have imbibed her principles and teachings, are unconditionally threatened with death.

"Behold, I cast her into a bed." The word "bed" is evidently used in sharp contrast to the bed of the harlot with its illicit pleasure. It will be a bed of affliction. "Those that commit adultery with her." This is the first and only instance of the word "adultery" in the Apocalypse. Those who have tampered with the evil, who have defiled themselves by association with Jezebel, are the class here referred to — an increasing company in our times, a company born of the false spirit of toleration and of indifference to evil. Her children killed "with death" is a singular expression, and seems to denote the intensity of the Lord's judgment. This finds its answer in Revelation 17:1-18; Revelation 18:1-24 of the Apocalypse. Such is the character and doom of the papacy, and of all directly and remotely connected with it. There are varying degrees of guilt, but the main point to seize upon is that God judges evil according to the measure of each one's responsible connection with it.

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Bibliographical Information
Scott, Walter. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sor/revelation-2.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

This verse indicates that spiritual adultery (idolatry) is what is meant through most of these verses. The Lord here threatens to punish this wicked woman by casting her and her customers into a bed together. That would not be any punishment for a woman who was a literal adulteress. But the form of language is used that indicates something unpleasant was to be inflicted, for it refers to the bed as a place of tribulation. Of course in a case of literal adultery the Lord would regard an impure woman and her patrons as being guilty together. Likewise if a woman entices the professed servants of God to commit idolatry, the whole group would be held as partners in the guilt. (See Matthew 15:14.)

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Bibliographical Information
Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-2.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 2:22

Revelation 2:22 Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds.

Behold,

that Isaiah, consider what I say, and how I threaten this false prophetess, or wicked woman, and lay it to heart; she is past recovery, having lived impenitently in her whoredoms, both corporal and spiritual fornications; but yet those that have been seduced and enticed by her doctrine to commit fornication, shall have some longer time of repentance. This "bed" is a bed of great tribulation, some corporal and some spiritual judgments are hereby threatened. {as Ezekiel 32:25} They have set her bed in the midst of the slain, with all her multitude.

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Bibliographical Information
Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-2.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

22.Behold—A challenge of attention to this threatened judgment; a judgment so clear and palpable as to strike all the Churches, Revelation 2:23.

Cast her into a bed—Her bed of adulteries shall be exchanged for a bed of tribulation; a figurative bed of penalty for the literal bed of sin.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-2.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Revelation 2:22. (bed, not a couch of revelry) aegritudinis non amoris; disease or sickness (cf. for the phrase, 1 Maccabees 1:5) the punishment of error, especially of error accompanied by licentiousness. The inscriptions from Asia Minor abound with instances of the popular belief that impurity, moral and even physical, was punished by disease or disaster to oneself, one’s property, one’s children. Sickness might even go the length of death (1 Corinthians 11:29-30). The prophet, however, seems to avoid calling Jesus or God or , a term appropriated by the popular religions of Phrygia and lavished on many deities as healers and helpers (C. B. P. i. 262 f.).— ., men and women who imitate her licentiousness. ., physical distress, illness.— , the fut. indic., expresses rather more probability than subj. with (cf. Blass, § 65, 5). For tense of see Zechariah 8:7, LXX, etc.

 

 

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Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/revelation-2.html. 1897-1910.

The Bible Study New Testament

22. And so I will throw her. A “bed” and “terrible suffering” are symbolic of God’s wrath. Those who refuse to turn from their sin bring upon themselves certain punishment!

 

 

 

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Bibliographical Information
Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Revelation 2:22". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/revelation-2.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.