Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 21:11

having the glory of God. Her brilliance was like a very costly stone, as a stone of crystal-clear jasper.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Church;   Crystal;   Glory;   God;   Heaven;   Jerusalem;   Readings, Select;   Thompson Chain Reference - Crystal;   Future, the;   Heaven;   Heavenly;   Home;   Jasper;   Light-Darkness;   Precious Stones;   Radiancy;   Radiant Lives;   Stones, Precious;   The Topic Concordance - Jerusalem;   Newness;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Glory of God, the;   Precious Stones;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Crystal;   Jasper;   Jerusalem;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Church, the;   Create, Creation;   Glory;   Jesus Christ;   New Jerusalem;   Touch;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Crystal;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Jasper;   Noah;   Temple;   Thousand Years;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Art and Aesthetics;   Crystal;   Heaven;   Heavenly City, the;   Jasper;   Minerals and Metals;   Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jewels and Precious Stones;   Quotations;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - New Jerusalem;   Precious;   Precious Stones ;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Jasper,;   Lamb;   29 Light Lamp Candle;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Gareb;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Crystal;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Jasper,;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Jasper;   Stone;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Jasper;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Clear;   Crystal;   Revelation of John:;   Stones, Precious:;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Eschatology;   Gems;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Having the glory of God - Instead of the sun and moon, it has the splendor of God to enlighten it.

Unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal - Among precious stones there are some even of the same species more valuable than others: for their value is in proportion to their being free from flaws, and of a good water, i.e., a uniform and brilliant transparency. A crystal is perfectly clear, the oriental jasper is a beautiful sea-green. The stone that is here described is represented as a perfectly transparent jasper, being as unclouded as the brightest crystal, and consequently the most precious of its species. Nothing can be finer than this description: the light of this city is ever intense, equal, and splendid; but it is tinged with this green hue, in order to make it agreeable to the sight. Nothing is so friendly to the eye as blue or green; all other colors fatigue; and, if very intense, injure the eye. These are the colors of the earth and sky, on which the eye of man is to be constantly fixed. To these colors the structure of the eye is adapted; and the general appearance of the earth and the sky is adapted to this structure.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-21.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Having the glory of God - A glory or splendor such as became the dwelling place of God. The nature of that splendor is described in the following verses.

And her light - In Revelation 21:23 it is said that “the glory of God did lighten it.” That is, it was made light by the visible symbol of the Deity - the “Shekinah.” See the Luke 2:9 note; Acts 9:3 note. The word here rendered “light” - φωστὴρ phōstēr- occurs nowhere else in the New Testament except in Philippians 2:15. It means, properly, a light, a lightgiver, and, in profane writers, means commonly a “window.” It is used here to denote the brightness or shining of the divine glory, as supplying the place of the sun, or of a window.

Like unto a stone most precious - A stone of the richest or most costly nature.

Even like a jasper stone - On the jasper, see the notes on Revelation 4:3. It is used there for the same purpose as here, to illustrate the majesty and glory of God.

Clear as crystal - Pellucid or resplendent like crystal. There are various kinds of jasper - as red, yellow, and brown, brownish yellow, etc. The stone is essentially a quartz, and the word “crystal” here is used to show that the form of it referred to by John was clear and bright.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-21.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Having the glory of God,.... Not only upon their souls, which will lie in the glorious robe of Christ's righteousness, the bride's wedding garment being on them, in the perfect holiness which will be in them, and in that complete knowledge of all spiritual and heavenly things they will be possessed of, they will have a glory revealed in them; but upon their bodies also, for this city, the church, the bride of Christ, will consist only of risen and changed saints, whose bodies will be freed from all dishonour; deformity, diseases, and imperfections, and will be made like unto Christ's glorious body, and will shine like the sun in the kingdom of God. Moreover, the presence of God may be intended by his glory, as the Shechinah, or the divine majesty of God in the tabernacle and temple was called, Exodus 40:35 1 Kings 8:11 for the glorious presence of God will now be in this church state, which will cast a lustre on all that are in it; for if the face of Moses, and of Stephen, shone so bright and glorious, through the presence of God with them; see 2 Corinthians 3:7 how much more gloriously will the saints shine in this state, when they shall enjoy the presence of God in a far more illustrious manner? to which may be added, that Jesus Christ, who is the brightness of his Father's glory, will now appear in that, and in his own, and in the glory of his angels; and all the saints will appear with him in glory; and to see them in all this glory is a glorious sight indeed!

And her light was like unto a stone most precious; by her "light" is not meant the light she will have in her, though that will be exceeding great, but the fountain of it from whence it comes; that which holds it forth to her, and supplies her with it: the word φωστηρ signifies an illuminator, and is used of the ministers of the Gospel, that hold forth the word of life and light to others, Philippians 2:15 but here it intends Christ, who is the sun of righteousness, the church's light or enlightener, Revelation 21:23 not with the light of nature, as he enlightens every man, nor with the light of grace, with which the saints are enlightened by him in the present state of things, by his Spirit, through the word and ordinances, but with the light of glory: and he is comparable to the most precious stone; he is more precious than rubies; he is so now to them that believe, in his person, offices, grace, and righteousness, and will be more so in his light and glory in the new Jerusalem state:

even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal: God the Father, who sits on the throne, is said to be to look upon like a "jasper"; See Gill on Revelation 4:2; and here Christ, the illuminator of his church, is said to be like one, because of the exceeding brightness of this stone, and the durableness of it, expressive of the perpetuity of Christ, as the light of his church and people; he is the everlasting light of it, Isaiah 60:19 and he is compared to the crystallising "jasper". There is one sort which is called "Aerizusa", like to airF3Ruaeus de Gemmis, l. 2. c. 1. , and another "Crystallizusa"F4Dioscorides, l. 5. c. 160. , clear as crystal. So Pliny speaksF5Nat. Hist. l. 37. c. 9. of a white "jasper" called "Astrios", and which, he says, is crystallo propinquans, "near to crystal", found in India, and on the shores of Pallene. To this Christ is like, because he is light itself, and in him is no darkness at all, and will cause an everlasting day; and such a clear and bright state of things, as that there will be no night, nor any more darkness, nothing but everlasting joy, peace, prosperity, and happiness; there seems to be some reference to Isaiah 60:1.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-21.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Having the glory of God — not merely the Shekinah-cloud, but God Himself as her glory dwelling in the midst of her. Compare the type, the earthly Jerusalem in the millennium (Zechariah 2:5; compare Revelation 21:23, below).

her lightGreek, “light-giver”: properly applied to the heavenly luminaries which diffuse light. Compare Note, see on Philippians 2:15, the only other passage where it occurs. The “and” before “her light‘ is omitted in A, B, and Vulgate.

even likeGreek, “as it were.”

jasper — representing watery crystalline brightness.

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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-21.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Having the glory of God (εχουσαν την δοχαν του τεουechousan tēn doxan tou theou). Syntactically this clause goes with Revelation 21:10, the feminine accusative singular participle εχουσανechousan agreeing with πολινpolin the radiance of the dazzling splendour of God as seen in Isaiah 60:1; Ezekiel 43:5. God‘s very presence is in the Holy City (the Bride).

Light (πωστηρphōstēr). “Luminary,” late word (in lxx, papyri), in N.T. only here and Philippians 2:15. Christ is the light (πωςphōs) of the world (John 8:12) and so are Christians (Matthew 5:14) who have received the illumination (πωτισμοςphōtismos) of God in the face of Christ (2 Corinthians 4:6) and who radiate it to men (Philippians 2:15). See both words in Genesis 1:3, Genesis 1:14. “The ‹luminary‘ of the Holy City is her witness to Christ” (Swete).

Like unto a stone most precious (ομοιος λιτωι τιμιωτατωιhomoios lithōi timiōtatōi). Associative instrumental case after ομοιοςhomoios ΤιμιωτατωιTimiōtatōi is the elative superlative.

As it were a jasper stone (ως λιτωι ιασπιδιhōs lithōi iaspidi). As in Revelation 4:3, which see.

Clear as crystal (κρυσταλλιζοντιkrustallizonti). Verb not found elsewhere from κρυσταλλοςkrustallos (old word, Revelation 4:6; Revelation 22:1), “of crystalline brightness and transparency” (Thayer), “transparent and gleaming as rock-crystal” (Moffatt).

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-21.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Glory of God

Not merely divine brightness, but the presence of the God of glory Himself. Compare Exodus 40:34.

Light ( φωστὴρ )

Strictly, luminary; that with which the city is illumined, the heavenly Lamb. See Revelation 21:23. The word occurs only here and Philippians 2:15.

Jasper

See on Revelation 4:3.

Clear as crystal ( κρυσταλλίζοντι )

Lit., shining like crystal.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-21.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;

Having the glory of God — For her light, verse23, Revelation 21:23; Isaiah 40:1; Zec.

Her window — There was only one, which ran all round the city. The light did not come in from without through this for the glory of God is within the city. But it shines out from within to a great distance, verses23,24. Revelation 21:23,24

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-21.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

11 Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;

Ver. 11. Having the glory, of God] Who putteth upon her his own comeliness, Ezekiel 16:9-13, as Rachel was decked with Isaac’s jewels.

Even like a jasper] And so, like God himself, who is set out by a jasper, Revelation 4:3.

Clear as crystal] There is no such jasper in nature as is thus clear; but such a one must here be imagined. Nec Christus, nec caelum patitur hyberbolen. In speaking of Christ or heaven it is hard to hyperbolize. Christ’s blood (the true Pactolus) ρει τον πλουτον, floweth with riches. Uranople (the New Jerusalem) hath its foundation garnished with all manner of precious stones, to signify as well the durableness as the excellency of it. See Revelation 21:19-20.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-21.html. 1865-1868.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 21:11 begins the description itself(4288) which first of all states its gleaming appearance.

ἔχουσαν τὴν δόξαν τοῦ θεοῦ. What is most important, most peculiar, and what at the same time captivates the eye of the seer above all things, is the brilliancy which irradiates the whole city: “it has” in itself, it comprehends as dwelling and abiding within it,(4289) the present glory of God himself.(4290) The concrete character of this presentation is effaced by the reading of the א: ἀπὸ τ. θ.

τ. φωστὴρ, κ. τ. λ. The description now proceeds further independently of the ἕδειξεν; only the first item of the description ( ἕχουσαν τ. δόξ. τ. θ.) had been given in the formal connection of the original construction.(4291) From Revelation 21:23,(4292) it follows, that φωστὴρ αὐτῆς(4293) is not distinct from the δόξα τοῦ θεοῦ;(4294) the source of light for the city is the δόξα of God himself present therein.(4295)

ὅ΄οιος λίθῳ, κ. τ. λ. The appearance of God was illustrated similarly.

κρυσταλλίξοντι. Cf. Psellus in Wetst.: ἰάσπις φύσει κρυσταλλοειδής.(4296)

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Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/revelation-21.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Revelation 21:11. φωστὴρ) Hesychius, φωστὴρ, θυρίς. Isaiah 54:12, שמשתיך; the LXX., τὰς ἐπάλξεις σου, in the plural number. But φωστὴρ in the singular (comp. Genesis 6:16) means a part in a building which is open to the air, or admitting the light of the sun ( שמש), as windows are, or spaces between the ( ἐπάλξεις) battlements of the walls: or, φωστὴρ is λύχνος, Revelation 21:23. φωστὴρ is not compounded of φῶς and τηρῶ, but it is a word derived from its own root.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-21.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Having the glory of God; a most excellent glory, received from God.

And her light, that is, (as some interpret it), that which gave her light, (as the sun is called the light of the earth), or her enlightener,

was like unto a stone most precious, was Christ himself, who is a stone most precious: Revelation 21:23,

The Lamb is the light thereof.

Like a jasper stone: see Revelation 4:3. God is there compared to a jasper stone; here, to a

jasper stone, clear as crystal. They say of the jasper stone, that it is very glorious to the eye, precious and pure; so it is very fit to resemble in part a pure and glorious God.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-21.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

яспису Это не перевод, а транслитерация греческого слова, которое означает не современный, темный яспис, а совершенный драгоценный камень чистой воды с ярким светом Божией славы, исходящим из него и льющимся на новое небо и новую землю (ср. 4:3).

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-21.html.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

having the glory of God: her light was like unto a stone most precious, as it were a jasper stone, clear as crystal:

A jasper ... clear as crystal ... See more on this stone under Revelation 4:3, above. "The jasper, which probably represents the modern diamond, is the characteristic of him who sat on the throne (Revelation 4:3)."[29] Thus, the redeemed church will have the same appearance as that of the Lord himself.

ENDNOTE:

[29] A. Plummer, op. cit., p. 511.

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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-21.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

This city obviously appeared extremely impressive to John. The first and most important characteristic that John noted was its radiant glow. It shone with the splendor of God Himself because He was in it (cf. Exodus 40:34; Numbers 9:15-23; 1 Kings 8:11; 2 Chronicles 5:14; Isaiah 24:23; Isaiah 60:1; Ezekiel 43:5; John 12:41; Acts 26:13).

John compared the glory of the city to that of a beautiful gem. Jasper stones were very beautiful but not always clear. As mentioned earlier (cf. Revelation 4:3), this is probably a crystal clear gem with many facets of brilliance, probably what we call a diamond. This stone described God Himself earlier ( Revelation 4:3), so its brilliance is a further reflection of God"s presence in the city.

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-21.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 21:11. The description of the city begins, and first she is spoken of as having the glory of God. This light lightens her both within and without. From the subsequent description it appears that the idea of the Holy of Holies is in the Seer’s mind, and we cannot therefore be wrong in thinking that the ‘glory’ which he has in view is that of the Shechinah. By it the Almighty lightened of old the innermost recesses of His sanctuary. By it He now lightens the whole of that glorious abode in which His people dwell with Him.

Her light was like unto a stone most precious, as it were a jasper stone, clear as crystal. The word of the original translated ‘light’ is rather light-bearer or light-giver, and it refers to the light which the city sheds everywhere around her like the sun or the stars of heaven. It is light of crystalline clearness and purity (comp. chap. Revelation 4:3).

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-21.html. 1879-90.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

glory. See p. 1611.

and. Omit.

light. App-130.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-21.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;

Having the glory of God - not merely the Shechinah, but God Himself, as her glory, dwelling in the midst of her. Compare the type, earthly Jerusalem in the millennium (Zechariah 2:5 : cf. Revelation 21:23, below).

Her light, [ foosteer (Greek #5458)] - 'light-giver:' properly applied to the sky's light-giving luminaries (note, Philippians 2:15, its only other occurrence). "And," before "her light," is omitted in 'Aleph (') A B, Vulgate.

Even like - `as it were.'

Jasper - representing watery crystalline brightness.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-21.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(11) Having the glory of God . . .—The glory of God is the glorious presence of God, the true Shechinah, of which we have read before (Revelation 15:8, and see Revelation 21:23). The light of the city is described: And her light (or, brightness: it is the light which she gives; the same word is used as that employed in the LXX., Genesis 1:17, for the heavenly bodies) is like a stone most precious, as it were a jasper stone crystallising. On the meaning and appearance of this stone, see Note on Revelation 4:3. It is in all probability a stone transparent and clear as the crystal, but retaining the greenish hue belonging to the jasper. The general brightness of the city was lustrous as the diamond but shot with the green tint of the emerald bow which swept the throne. (Comp. Revelation 4:3.)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-21.html. 1905.

Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

3. Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal--21:11.

The attribute of glory here ascribed to the holy church in descent was an allusion to the cloud of glory that covered and filled the tabernacle at its completion-- the Shekinah, that divine manifestation through which God's presence was made known. The light of the City was like a jasper stone, clear as crystal. In chapter 4:3 the One on the throne had this appearance of crystal jasper; so the vision here is that the Holy City represented the resplendent glory of God Himself, as Paul affirmed of the church in Ephesians 3:21 : "Unto him be glory in the church by Jesus Christ throughout all ages, world without end."

The force of this descriptive attribute of the Holy City was the ultimate in glory and grandeur. The ancient crystal jasper was pellucid in its transparency and diaphonous in its translucency. As the sun is the luminary of the heavens, the glory of God Himself illumined this descending Holy City, the New Jerusalem church, with the divine effulgence of his presence.

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Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-21.html. 1966.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;
the glory
22,23; 22:5; Isaiah 4:5; 60:1,2,19,20; Ezekiel 48:35
her
19; Ezekiel 1:26; 28:13,14,16
clear
18; 4:6; 22:1; Job 28:17; Ezekiel 1:22
Reciprocal: Genesis 48:3 - God;  Exodus 24:10 - in his clearness;  Exodus 28:20 - a jasper;  1 Kings 8:11 - for the glory;  1 Kings 10:10 - and precious;  Psalm 3:3 - my;  Song of Solomon 6:10 - Who;  Zechariah 2:5 - the glory;  Acts 7:55 - and saw;  Romans 5:2 - the glory;  Revelation 4:3 - like a;  Revelation 21:21 - as it

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-21.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

Having the glory of God is understandable because anything that comes from heaven would be adorned with the glory of God. The glory of the city was so great that John likens it to the rays or a precious stone. There is something most significant about using precious stones as symbols in describing the splendors of the celestial city. We have all beheld diamonds and other precious jewels and admired their glittering brilliance. However, we have observed also that the greatest degree of their beauty is caused by the light that is reflected upon them from some outside source. So with these precious stones. that bedeck the city of God; they obtain their glow from the light that radiates from the throne of God. The one named in this verse is only referred to for a comparison, but the actual use of the stones themselves will be described in a later place in this chapter. The jasper that is used to compare the brilliant light is described as being clear as crystal. That is a description of a diamond which is among the most attractive of stones.

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-21.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 21:11

Revelation 21:11 Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;

This glory of the Church of God on earth in the latter days, was foretold by the holy prophets, ( Isaiah 28:5; Isaiah 60:1-13; Isaiah 62:2-3) etc.

And her light was like unto a stone most precious

Isaiah 30:19-26. For the people shall dwell in Zion at Jerusalem: thou shalt weep no more: he will be very gracious unto thee, at the voice of thy cry; when he shall hear it, he will answer thee-Moreover, the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall be seven fold, as the light of the seven days, in the day that the Lord bindeth up the breach of his people, and healeth the stroke of their wound, { Isaiah 60:19-20 } And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof. { Revelation 21:23 } And there shall be no night there, and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign forever and ever-And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this Prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the Book of Life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book. { Revelation 22:5-19 }

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Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-21.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Revelation 21:11. Which had the glory of God: her light like to the most precious stone, like a chrystal-clear jasper stone. The description of the city begins with the most glorious element belonging to it, the presence of God. "The name of the city henceforth is: Jehovah therein"—he is present in it in the entire fulness of his glory, protection, and favour; such was the statement with which Ezekiel had concluded his whole delineation of the new temple and the new Jerusalem. What he ended with is here made the beginning. God is present—this was the noblest ornament even of the church of the Old Testament, its most glorious privilege, its fundamental distinction from the heathen world. The rendering of this presence efficient was the highest privilege of the church of the New Testament during the present life. But in the new Jerusalem the presence of God shall manifest itself in a way hitherto unknown. Of the glory of God and Christ John speaks in the Gospel and the Apocalypse with great frequency (comp. at ch. Revelation 18:1). The glory of the Lord is always only there, where the Lord himself is; it is the Lord in his glory. It is said here, in Revelation 21:22, "the Lord God the Almighty is its temple;" in ch. Revelation 22:5, "God the Lord will shine upon them." These passages stand related to the one before us, as Isaiah 9:19, "And the Lord will be to it for an eternal light," to Isaiah 9:1, "the glory of the Lord rises over thee." In John 12:41 it is said, "This spake Isaiah, when he saw his glory." According to Isaiah 6:1 Isaiah had seen the Lord sitting upon his throne high and lifted up. Cocceius already remarks correctly on our verse, "God was there present with all his riches, and with all splendour."

What the city had in respect to the glory of God, is denoted in the words: her light, etc. There can be no doubt that the light is not diverse from the glory of the Lord; and the meaning is, that this glory is its light. That such is the case is plain from the circumstance that the glory can only be seen as light; and also from Revelation 21:23, "the glory of the Lord enlightened it," where John comes back upon the glory; finally from ch. Revelation 4:3, where the Lord himself, on account of his glory, is compared to the jasper-stone. In the designation of the glory of the Lord as light, allusion is not made to the lamps of the temple, but to the great lights of heaven. This appears from the language itself, in which the word employed is the one specially appropriated to the lights of heaven,[Note: Comp. Genesis 1:14 in the LXX.: καὶ εἶπεν ὁ θεός γενηθήτωσαν φωστῆρες ἐν τῷ στερεώματι τοῦ οὐρανοῦ εἰς φαῦσιν τῆς γῆς; ver.16; Wisdom, ch. 13:2, φωστῆρας οὐρανοῦ; Sir. ch. 43:7, where φωστὴρ is used of the moon; Philippians 2:15, where it is applied to Christians as the lights of the world, analogous to those natural lights. See also what is said of Christ in John 9:5.] and also from the manifest allusion of the parallel passage, Revelation 21:23, to Genesis 1:14, sq. Several expositors put splendour in place of light: And her splendour, that of the new Jerusalem, was, in consequence of her illumination by the glory of the Lord, like, etc. But this explanation is against Revelation 21:23, and the signification is arbitrarily put on the word. It never properly means splendour; in the Hellenistic and New Testament usage it always bears the sense of light. This latter fact is also against Bengel's supposition, according to which the word here must denote window: "The glory of God is itself the splendour, which makes the holy city light, and this splendour, which fills the city from within, shines forth through the clear window." Add to this, that the window, if it might otherwise be thought of, cannot ut any rate be referred to here; that the illuminating property of the glory of the Lord is not mentioned, nor is it said that the supposed window owes its lighting property to the glory of the Lord; finally, that a city of 12,000 stadia in length and breadth cannot have a single window.[Note: Quite correctly was the meaning of the verse given by Vitringa: Urbem hanc observatam Johanni magno splendore et clariate illustratam quipped cujus φωστὴρ, luminare, quod Jaspidem referret, esset deus ipse, auae gloriae radii seam illumnaus.]

With St John the jasper is the noblest of precious stones; as is evident from ch. Revelation 4:3, and of this chapter Revelation 21:18-19. It is possible that he had idealized it, in particular lent it the character of transparency and of bright splendour; possible, too, that afterwards the usage had changed. Dioscorides and Psellus also speak of a chrystal kind of jasper.

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-21.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

11.Having the glory of God—Of which it was the vehicle. This, the great fact, is more fully detailed, 23-27 and Revelation 22:1-5.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-21.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

“With the dazzling splendour of God,” cf. on Revelation 21:3, Ezekiel 43:5, Isaiah 60:1-2. Uxor splendet radiis mariti; , here, as usually in a apocalyptic literature, denotes the manifestation and realisation of the divine presence. A realistic turn is given to the expression by the “shimmering radiance” of . . . (asyndeton); “her brilliance is like a very precious stone, a jasper, crystal-clear” (i.e., transparent and gleaming as rock-crystal). The modern jasper is an opaque tinted quartz, only partially translucent at the edges. Perhaps, in reproducing Isaiah 54:11-12 ( ), the writer regarded both clauses as complementary (Cheyne); hence is . . . Otherwise might represent an opal, a diamond, or a topaz, any one of which answers better to the description of “transparent and valuable”. Flinders Petrie, however, suggests some variety of the dark green jasper.

 

 

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Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Revelation 21:11". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/revelation-21.html. 1897-1910.