Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 21:22

I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Church;   God Continued...;   Heaven;   Jerusalem;   Jesus Continued;   Lamb of God;   Readings, Select;   Thompson Chain Reference - Future, the;   Heaven;   Heavenly;   Home;   Lamb of God;   Lamb, Christ the;   Saviour, Christ Our;   Sin-Saviour;   Sufferings of Christ;   The Topic Concordance - Glory;   God;   Jerusalem;   Jesus Christ;   Light;   Name;   Newness;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Titles and Names of Christ;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jerusalem;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Book of life;   City;   Peace;   Temple;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Church, the;   Create, Creation;   Jesus Christ;   New Jerusalem;   Presence of God;   Temple;   Touch;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Sanctuary;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Candlestick;   Heaven;   Noah;   Temple;   Thousand Years;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Art and Aesthetics;   Heaven;   Heavenly City, the;   Heavens, New;   Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Eschatology;   God;   Lamb;   New Jerusalem;   Pre-Eminence ;   Presence (2);   Temple;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Almighty;   Gate;   God;   Lamb;   Millennium;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Ark;   Gareb;   Holiness;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Lamb;   Temple;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Altar;   Fire;   Jerusalem, New;   Omnipotence;   Revelation of John:;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Revelation (Book of);  
Devotionals:
Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for May 1;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

I saw no temple - There was no need of a temple where God and the Lamb were manifestly present.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-21.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And I saw no temple therein - No structure reared expressly for the worship of God; no particular place where he was adored. It was all temple - nothing but a temple. It was not like Jerusalem, where there was but one house reared expressly for divine worship, and to which the inhabitants repaired to praise God; it was all one great temple reared in honor of his name, and where worship ascended from every part of it. With this explanation, this passage harmonizes with what is said in Revelation 2:12; Revelation 7:15.

For the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it - They are present in all parts of it in their glory; they fill it with light; and the splendor of their presence may be said to be the temple. The idea here is, that it would be a holy world - all holy. No particular portion would be set apart for purposes of public worship, but in all places God would be adored, and every portion of it devoted to the purposes of religion.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-21.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And I saw no temple therein,.... No material temple, as was in the old Jerusalem, or such as is described in Ezekiel's vision; nor any place of public worship, as under the Gospel dispensation; for in this state there will be no such external form of worship as now, such as preaching the word and administering ordinances. The Jews expect a third temple, but in vain.

For the Lord God Almighty, and the Lamb, are the temple of it; God will be immediately present with his people, whose face they shall see, and whom they will serve in the most pure and spiritual manner; and Christ in his human nature, in the temple of his body, that tabernacle which God pitched, and not man, which is filled with the train of the divine perfections, and in which the fulness of the Godhead dwells bodily, will be the only medium of the divine Presence, and of the communications of glory to men, and of the saints' praise to God, which will be the service they will be employed in; and the Lamb being joined with the Lord God Almighty, shows his deity and his equality with his Father.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-21.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

God  …  the temple — As God now dwells in the spiritual Church, His “temple” (Greek, “{(naos},” “shrine”; 1 Corinthians 3:17; 1 Corinthians 6:19), so the Church when perfected shall dwell in Him as her “temple” ({(naos}: the same Greek). As the Church was &ldquo);His sanctuary,” so He is to be their sanctuary. Means of grace shall cease when the end of grace is come. Church ordinances shall give place to the God of ordinances.) Uninterrupted, immediate, direct, communion with Him and the Lamb (compare John 4:23), shall supersede intervening ordinances.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-21.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

I saw no temple therein (ναον ουκ ειδον εν αυτηιnaon ouk eidon en autēi). “Temple I did not see in it.” The whole city is a temple in one sense (Revelation 21:16), but it is something more than a temple even with its sanctuary and Shekinah Glory in the Holy of Holies.

For the Lord God the Almighty, and the Lamb are the temple thereof (ο γαρ Κυριος ο τεος ο παντοκρατωρ ναος αυτης εστιν και το αρνιονho gar Kurios ho theos ho pantokratōrnaos autēs estin kai to arnion). “For the Lord God, the Almighty, is the sanctuary of it and the Lamb.” The Eternal Presence is the Shekinah Glory of God (Revelation 21:3). In 2 Corinthians 6:16 we are the sanctuary of God here, but now God is our Sanctuary, and so is the Lamb as in chapters Revelation 4:1-11; Revelation 5:1-14. See Revelation 1:8 and often for the description of God here.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-21.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

No temple

The entire city is now one holy temple of God. See on Revelation 1:6.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-21.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it.

The Lord God and the Lamb are the temple of it — He fills the new heaven and the new earth. He surrounds the city and sanctifies it, and all that are therein. He is "all in all."

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-21.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

22 And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it.

Ver. 22. No temple] No need of external worships and ordinances; for they are all taught of God; they see his face and hear his voice. Now we see but in part, because we prophesy but in part, 1 Corinthians 13:9. They that understand it of the Church on earth, say, there is no temple in opposition to the Jewish temple, but a gospel temple. But, Revelation 21:25; "There shall be no night there," as here no temple. Now we shall not be above ordinances till above sin; which will not be in this world.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-21.html. 1865-1868.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Observe here, 1. St. John declares that the new Jerusalem shall not want either those spiritual supplies or natural advantages which Jerusalem below stood in need of; no need of any temple there for external worship and ordinances which it is our duty to wait upon God in here: What need of an house of prayer for them that want nothing to pray for? What need of ministers and ordinances, to teach them whose knowledge is perfected? What need of sacraments to remember Christ in and by, when they shall always see Christ face to face?

Again, what need of the natural light of the sun and moon, where the sun of righteousness for ever shineth, and where God is all in all? Happy they that enjoy him, for they enjoy all good in him and by him, he being the fountain of all goodness!

Observe, 2. Having thus described the city, St. John next declares who shall be the citizens, namely, the nations that are saved, all believing Jews and converted Gentiles, called elsewhere the general assembly and church of the first-born, which are a great multitude; these shall be admitted into it, and partake of the glory and happiness of it; and whereas it is added, that kings do bring their glory and honour into it, this is not to be so understood as if there would be a distinction in heaven between kings and subjects; no, all the saints there are kings and priests unto God; neither is it meant that kings shall carry their earthly glory and honour with them into heaven; but that kings who shall be so happy as to go thither, shall see all their honour and glory swallowed up in the glory and happiness of that place and state, and shall confess that all their crowns are infinitely short of the corwn of glory, and that their thrones are dunghills compared with the dignity of this throne.

Observe, 3. It is declared what perfect security and peace the saints enjoy in the New Jerusalem, together with their glory, riches, and happiness; this is signified, Revelation 21:25 The gates shall not be shut at all by day, and there is no night to shut them in; the gates shall be open, to show their peaceable state and secure tranquility, without fear of any hostile invasion or entry of enemies, either by force or fraud; it is added, there shall be no night there, either in a literal or a metaphorical sense, no darkness, no interruption of happiness, nor fear of danger, nothing that can either disturb or disquiet.

Observe, 4. Who the persons are that shall be everlastingly debarred the enjoyment of this happiness--all that have defiled themselves by lust and uncleanness, every person that hath not by holiness of heart and life separated himself from sin and wickedness, and dedicated himself to God and his service; nothing that defileth, nothing that worketh abomination; no open scandalous sinner, or he that maketh a lie, shall be admitted; to tell a lie is bad, but to make a lie is much worse, this is the devil's sin in a special manner, it is his by temptation, it is his by approbation, it is his by practice, he is a liar, and the father of lies and liars; it were well if our customary liars would consider it. The sum of all is, "That without grace and holiness here, there can be no expectation of glory and happiness hereafter; this fits at once for the employment of heaven, and the enjoyments of heaven, it makes meet for the inheritance in light: and if we have not our present fruit unto holiness, our end can never be everlasting life."

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Burkitt, William. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/revelation-21.html. 1700-1703.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 21:22 sq. The proper glory of the city is further described. It has no temple, because there is no need of one; for its temple is God himself and the Lamb. Nor does God, together with the Lamb, have a special dwelling-place in the city, but it is filled with the δόξα of God, everywhere present in it,(4352) and the city itself is indeed the bride of the Lamb(4353) who is immediately present to all the inhabitants of the city.(4354)

They, therefore, need not the light of sun and moon; for(4355) the δόξα of God and the Lamb itself fill them with light.(4356) Here where, indeed, the description implies that the δόξα τοῦ θεοῦ corresponds to the sun, and that of the Lamb to the moon,(4357) it does not follow that the same distinction is made also in Revelation 21:11,(4358) because there it is only a φωστήρ that is mentioned, viz., the δόξα τ. θ. appears as φωστήρ, because it φωτίζωι (Revelation 21:23).

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Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/revelation-21.html. 1832.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

And I saw no temple therein: I cannot take temple so strictly here, as those who understand all this but as a description of the blessed state of the militant church, during the thousand years; but understand it of all such worship and ordinances as we serve God in, and by, in this life.

For the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it; the immediate fruition of God shall there supply all, God shall be all in all, 1 Corinthians 15:28. Ordinances are but perspectives, of use in this life to see God at a distance; means, whereby we know in part: there we shall see God face to face, and know him as we are known. The saints there shall want nothing, and therefore shall not need a house of prayer; they shall know perfectly, and therefore will not need any to teach them; they shall always see Christ, and so will need no sacraments whereby to remember him.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-21.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

Храма же я не видел Многочисленные комментарии утверждают, что в небесах есть храм (3:12; 7:15; 11:19; 15:5). А здесь ясно сказано, что в вечности храма нет. Как такое может быть? Храм – это не здание, а Сам Господь Бог. Стих 7:15 имеет это в виду: «Сидящий на престоле будет обитать в них». Стих 23 продолжает мысль о том, что не будет храма, а только Бог и Агнец. Слава Божия, которая освещает все небеса, и есть Его храм. Нет необходимости иметь храм в вечности, потому что Сам Бог будет храмом, и в Нем все существует. Присутствие Бога заполняет все новое небо и новую землю (ср. ст. 3). Уйти на небеса будет означать присоединиться к безграничному присутствию Господа (ср. Ин. 14:3; 1Фес. 4:17).

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-21.html.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God the Almighty, and the Lamb, are the temple thereof.

No temple ... All devices for communicating with God will be unnecessary in the glorified state. In a sense, the entire eternal city will be the dwelling place of God (Revelation 21:3). A very interesting fact revealed from the Dead Sea Scrolls is that, "A prominent Jewish sect rejected the established temple,"[53] a position fully in harmony with the view we have taken of it throughout this series.

The Lord God the Almighty, and the Lamb ... These are the temple thereof. Christ is the only true temple of God that this earth ever saw; and it includes also his spiritual body the church. This is the temple which God promised David that "his seed" would build (2 Samuel 7:12,13).

ENDNOTE:

[53] George Eldon Ladd, op. cit., p. 283.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-21.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Unlike old Jerusalem, there was no temple in the new city because God Himself was there. The whole city will, therefore, be a virtual temple. [Note: Cf. Overstreet, pp460-62.] This is another respect in which the millennial temple contrasts with the New Jerusalem. The Lamb will play the central role in this temple along with Almighty God. The presence of God with man was the symbol of the earthly tabernacle and temple, but in the New Jerusalem that presence is a reality.

This verse and Revelation 21:23-27 stress that God will bring people into intimate relationship with Himself in the New Jerusalem. [Note: Wilcock, p210.]

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-21.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 21:22. The glory of the city is illustrated by other facts. And I saw no temple therein; for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it. What a revelation do these words present of the local giving place to the universal, the outward to the inward, the material to the spiritual! There could indeed be no spot more holy than another where all was holy, none purer than another where all was pure. God Himself and the Lamb in whom He is revealed to men sanctified every spot of ground within the city by their immediate presence. The inhabitants dwelt as if continually in the temple ‘praising God.’

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-21.html. 1879-90.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

No temple in it. No need of a temple for divine worship, where God is in such a perfect manner present to all the blessed, where nothing can distract or divert their souls from endless adorations, praises, &c. (Witham)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/revelation-21.html. 1859.

Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books

There will be no need for a special building in new Jerusalem to approach God in, since the glory of the Father and Sn will permeate the whole city. We will be able to worship God from one end to the other.

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Hampton, Gary. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghc/revelation-21.html. 2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Temple. Last occurance of the word.

therein = in (Greek. en) it.

Almighty. App-98.

Temple of it. This shows clearly that the wonders and glories revealed here belong to post-millennial times and ages. Therefore, the city of the great King during the thousand years, with "the sanctuary" of Ezekiel 45:2, et al., and its palace-temple, will have "passed away". There cannot be two Jerusalems on the earth at one and the same time. The new Jerusalem comes down on the new earth, thus taking the place of the former city. See App-197.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-21.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it.

No temple ... God ... the temple. As God now dwells in the spiritual Church, His "temple" [ naos (Greek #3485), shrine] (1 Corinthians 3:17; 1 Corinthians 6:19), so the Church perfected shall dwell in Him as her "temple" [ naos (Greek #3485)]. As the Church was "His sanctuary" (Psalms 114:2), so He is to be theirs. Means of grace cease when the end of grace is come. Church ordinances give place to the God of ordinances. Uninterrupted, immediate communion with Him and the Lamb (cf. John 4:23) supersedes intervening ordinances.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-21.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(22) And I saw no temple therein . . .—Rather, And temple I saw not in it, for the Lord God the Almighty is her temple, and the Lamb. In Ezekiel’s vision the vast and splendid proportions of the Temple formed a conspicuous part: its gigantic proportions declared it to be figurative (Ezekiel 48:8-20); but the present vision passes on to a higher state of things. “I saw no temple:” Ezekiel’s vision declared that the literal temple would be replaced by a far more glorious spiritual temple. The age of the Christian Church succeeds the age of the Jewish temple-worship; the age of the Church triumphing will succeed the age of the Church toiling; and there the external organisations, helps, and instrumentalities required for the edifying of the body of Christ will no longer be needed. Tongues, prophecies, knowledge, may pass away (1 Corinthians 13:9; Ephesians 4:11-13); churches will disappear, absorbed in the one glorious Church; ministries, missionary organisations, helps, governments, may cease. There God is all. The Lord is there—the temple, the sanctuary, the dwelling-place of His people. (Comp. Ezekiel 48:35.) Every merely local aspect of worship is at an end (John 4:21-24).

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-21.html. 1905.

Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

(5) The constituent spiritual characteristics of the glorious new Jerusalem--21:22-27.

According to Webster the word constituent is indicative of elements that form, or compose, or make up an existing thing; and characteristic is defined as distinctive, or serving to constitute the character of anything. On the high mountain outlook the vision not only exhibited to John the outward glories of the Holy City but displayed also the inward spiritual peculiarities of the City of the Lamb. In it there was no temple (verse 22), for there was no veil between God and the Redeemed, as in the temple that had been taken away (Matthew 27:51); and because the church itself is the temple of God. (Ephesians 2:21; Revelation 7:15) The old temple had been a type of the new, and there was no place in the vision for a symbol of that which had passed away.

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Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-21.html. 1966.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it.
I saw
4,5; 1 Kings 8:27; 2 Chronicles 2:6; 6:18; Isaiah 66:1; John 4:23
the Lord
1:8; 4:8; 11:17; 15:3; 16:7,14; 19:15
the Lamb
John 2:19-21; 10:30; Colossians 1:19; 2:9; Hebrews 9:1-12
Reciprocal: Genesis 28:3 - God;  Exodus 29:43 - sanctified;  Ruth 1:20 - the Almighty;  Psalm 73:25 - Whom;  Psalm 84:1 - How;  Isaiah 64:4 - have not;  Ezekiel 37:27 - tabernacle;  Ezekiel 48:8 - the sanctuary;  Matthew 13:43 - shall;  John 1:29 - Behold;  John 5:18 - God was;  John 13:32 - shall;  John 14:3 - I will;  John 14:23 - make;  John 17:24 - may;  1 Corinthians 13:10 - General2 Corinthians 6:18 - the Lord;  Ephesians 3:19 - that ye;  1 Thessalonians 4:17 - and so;  Revelation 19:6 - for;  Revelation 21:11 - the glory;  Revelation 22:3 - but;  Revelation 22:5 - no night;  Revelation 22:19 - and out

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-21.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

I saw no temple. John was thinking of the temple that was in the literal city of Jerusalem, and was contrasting that situation with what he saw in the vision. Even that temple which was built for the service to God was not good enough nor big enough to contain Him ( 1 Kings 8:27; Acts 7:47-50), much less would He need a temple to confine him when He is already occupying the whole city.

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-21.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 21:22

Revelation 21:22-24 And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it23And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof24And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it.

There shall be no material Temple in the new Jerusalem,

for the Lord God Almighty, and the Lamb, are the Temple of it. And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof

Isaiah 60:19

Revelation 21:24 by

the nations of them which are saved

we may understand all those that were redeemed by the precious blood of Christ out of all nations, { Revelation 5:9-10} that Isaiah, the gentile nations. { Isaiah 60:3}

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Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-21.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Revelation 21:22. And I saw no temple therein. For, the Lord God, the Almighty, is its temple, and the Lamb. The temple is contemplated here entirely after its specific Old Testament character. The temple was the brightest ornament of the typical Jerusalem, comp. Psalms 122:1; Jeremiah 7:4. To dwell spiritually in it, was deemed by godly persons the greatest boon they could enjoy in life, their highest privilege—comp. Psalms 23:6, "I dwell in the house of the Lord for ever," Psalms 27:4; "One thing sought I of the Lord, that do I seek after, that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all days of my life, to behold the beauty of the Lord, and to meditate thereon in his sanctuary," Psalms 84:3. The foundation of this view of the temple lies in this, that in it God had given a pledge to his people of his gracious fellowship with them. Whoever sought him under the old covenant, could find him only in the temple, in which God confirmed his word spoken in Exodus 25:8, "They shall make me a sanctuary, and I will dwell in the midst of them," comp. Exodus 29:40, Exodus 29:46, "and I dwell in the midst of the children of Israel." The name itself of the temple in its first form, Ohel Moed, the tent of meeting, characterizes it as the place where God was to meet with his people, entered into communion with them, (comp. my Beitr. Th. III. p. 628, sq). But what was the highest privilege of the Old Covenant, that was not the highest, which God could, and was designed, to give to his people. Union with God, the eternal good and source of all good, as it was represented by the temple, was only a provisional, an imperfect one. The privilege of the Old Testament was at the same time its defect. How imperfectly the fellowship of God with his people was represented by the temple, appears from the longing eye directed toward the future by those who enjoyed it, especially the liveliness of their hope toward the Messiah. All Messianic hope was a proof of poverty in respect to the temple. But because in the kingdom of God the imperfect is a prophecy of the perfect, the temple pointed forwards to a real union between God and his people. This took place in Christ. If the union of God with his people formed the kernel of the sanctuary, the manifestation of Christ must stand related to it as the body to the shadow. By means of it God truly dwelt among his people. He took from them and among them flesh and blood. To this typical relationship, in which the tabernacle and temple stand to the manifestation of Christ, John alludes in John 1:14. In John 2:19, also, Christ appears as the antitype to the temple, (see the Beitr. Th. III. p. 634 ) A similar indication is found also in Colossians 2:9, "In him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily," where Christ is referred to as the true tabernacle—comp. besides Colossians 1:19. With the personal manifestation of God in Christ, however, we must combine his dwelling among his people by his Holy Spirit, which stands related to the former as a stream to its source, (comp. Matthew 28:20, and especially 1 Timothy 3:15; 2 Corinthians 6:16). Because in the militant church the presence of God is still not perfectly realized, from the bodily presence of the Lord having been soon withdrawn from it again (comp. ch. Revelation 12:5), and from the agency of his Spirit being subjected to manifold restraints, it is only the triumphant church that is to be regarded as the full antitype of the Old Testament type. There only the words, "Behold the tabernacle of God is with men," and "I saw no temple therein, for the Lord God the Almighty is its temple and the Lamb," however they may be verified even during the period of the church's warfare, will find their complete and perfect realization. We have an Old Testament parallel passage in Jeremiah 3:16-17, "It will then no more be said, The ark of the covenant of the Lord! neither shall it come to mind, neither shall they remember it; neither shall they miss it, nor shall another be made. At that time they shall call Jerusalem the throne of the Lord, and all the heathen shall be gathered to it, because the name of the Lord is at Jerusalem." The ark of the covenant was the heart of the temple, the kernel and centre of the Old Covenant, "How infinitely great must be the compensation that was to be given for it, if this were to make the desire after it to cease, and itself to be forgotten, as belonging to the beggarly elements, to the image and shadow. We have here the announcement of an entire annihilation of the earlier form of God's kingdom, but of such an annihilation of the form, as is, at the same time, the highest perfectionment of the substance, a dissolution like that of the seed-corn, which dies only that it may bring forth much fruit, or of the body, which is sown in corruption, that it may be raised up in incorruption." In so far as the temple generally was the symbol of the church, it cannot be wanting in the new Jerusalem; it must be there as certainly as the church also is in heaven, (comp. ch. Revelation 7:15, Revelation 11:19, Revelation 14:15). That the temple once existed, is a pledge of its everlasting continuance. No truly divine institution can be of a merely temporal nature, (Matthew 5:17). That the temple is only in a certain sense wanting in the new Jerusalem, is evident even from the assertion here. For, the temple is not simply denied to it; it is accorded as well as denied. The designation of God: The Lord God the Almighty, points to the glory of the compensation. Where he is in the whole glory of his being, with the whole fulness of his gifts, there the loss of the poor temple with its imperfect manifestation of God's presence is to be considered real gain. Along with the Almighty God the Lamb is named. Bengel: "Thus are the same glorious properties ascribed to God and the Lamb, Revelation 21:23, ch. Revelation 22:1; Revelation 22:3, Revelation 7:10." Comp. Revelation 5:13, Revelation 6:16, Revelation 7:10. It is precisely through the Lamb, that the Almighty God has become for the church the reality of the temple. Till John knew the Lamb the temple was to him his one and all. From the entire cast of his mind we may be sure he clung to it with the most profound regard. That the Lamb still did not exist, was the cause of the old temple's poverty, of the imperfect manner in which it displayed God's presence. Immanuel! so was it proclaimed at the moment of Christ's appearance in the flesh; so still more loudly was it proclaimed when he finished the atonement; and so yet again, most gloriously of all, will it be proclaimed in the new Jerusalem.

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Bibliographical Information
Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-21.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

22.No temple therein—No place of sacrifice and ritual, for the very God himself was present. Yet the whole was a temple, and for that very reason needed no temple therein.

Are the temple of it—The divine Presence makes its temple.

 

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-21.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

 

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Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/revelation-21.html. 1897-1910.

The Bible Study New Testament

22. I did not see a temple in the city. God and the Lamb are its temple, and their glory fills the whole city! Compare Jeremiah 3:16-17; Jeremiah 31:33-34; Hebrews 8:7-13. In other words, the redeemed who live in this city have no need to go to a specific location to meet God. God fills all and is with them in contact so indescribable that we have no words to express it! [It would be useless to dissect the “picture-symbol” given in Revelation 21:12-21to make each jewel have a specific meaning. It intends to symbolically describe those things which human language cannot express! The eternal reward for God’s people is far beyond human imagination! And the church itself is “what no man ever thought could happen” (1 Corinthians 2:9).]

 

 

 

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Bibliographical Information
Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Revelation 21:22". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/revelation-21.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.