Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 6:14

The sky was split apart like a scroll when it is rolled up, and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Astronomy;   Despondency;   Earthquakes;   Heaven;   Meteorology and Celestial Phenomena;   Scofield Reference Index - Remnant;   Thompson Chain Reference - Heavens;   The Topic Concordance - Day of the Lord;   Earthquakes;   Seals;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Earthquakes;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Stars;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Darkness;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Revelation of John, the;   Writing;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Beast;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Eschatology;   Isaiah ;   Mount Mountain ;   Scroll (Roll) ;   Writing;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Scroll;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ascension;   Island;   Revelation of John:;   Roll (Scroll);  

Adam Clarke Commentary

And the heaven departed as a scroll - The whole system of pagan and idolatrous worship, with all its spiritual, secular, and superstitious influence, was blasted, shrivelled up, and rendered null and void, as a parchment scroll when exposed to the action of a strong fire.

And every mountain - All the props, supports, and dependencies of the empire, whether regal allies, tributary kings, dependent colonies, or mercenary troops, were all moved out of their places, so as to stand no longer in the same relation to that empire, and its worship, support, and maintenance, as they formerly did.

And island - The heathen temples, with their precincts and enclosures, cut off from the common people, and into which none could come but the privileged, may be here represented by islands, for the same reasons.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-6.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together,.... The manner of writing formerly was on rolls of parchment; hence the word volume is used for a book, which, when rolled up, the writing within could not be seen, not a syllable nor letter of it. In like manner the Roman empire, as Pagan, which was like a large sheet, or rather like the expanse or firmament of the heaven, stretched out over all the earth, was now, as to the Paganism of it, rolled up together, so that there were no more Heathen gods, nor Heathen priests; no more idolatry, and idolatrous worship of that kind were to be seen, and not so much as the names of Heathen gods to be heard of in the empire.

And every mountain and island were moved out of their places; by "every mountain" may be meant the places of idolatrous worship, which were usually upon mountains; see Jeremiah 3:6; which were now shut up, or demolished, or used for Christian worship; and "every island" being moved also may show, that Paganism was not only rooted out of the provinces of the empire upon the continent, but out of the islands also; and the ecclesiastical history of these times informs us, that there were Christian churches in the isles, which enjoyed the Gospel free of persecution and distress; as in the isles of Cyprus, Crete, the Cyclades, Sardinia, Siciiy, Corsica, and in ours of England, Scotland, and IrelandF15Centuriator. Magdeburg. Cent. 4. c. 2. p. 5, 8. . Mr. Daubuz thinks, that as "mountains" design the temples of idols, "islands" signify the revenues of them, which were now taken away, and applied to other uses.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-6.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

departedGreek,was separated from” its place; “was made to depart.” Not as Alford, “parted asunder”; for, on the contrary, it was rolled together as a scroll which had been open is rolled up and laid aside. There is no “asunder one from another” here in the Greek, as in Acts 15:39, which Alford copies.

mountain  …  moved out of  …  places — (Psalm 121:1, Margin; Jeremiah 3:23; Jeremiah 4:24; Nahum 1:5). This total disruption shall be the precursor of the new earth, just as the pre-Adamic convulsions prepared it for its present occupants.

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-6.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Was removed (απεχωριστηapechōristhē). First aorist passive indicative of αποχωριζωapochōrizō to separate, to part (Acts 15:39). “The heaven was parted.”

As a scroll when it is rolled up (ως βιβλιον ελισσομενονhōs biblion helissomenon). Present passive participle of ελισσωhelissō old verb, to roll up, in N.T. only here (from Isaiah 34:4) and Hebrews 1:12 (from Psalm 102:27). Vivid picture of the expanse of the sky rolled up and away as a papyrus roll (Luke 4:17).

Were moved (εκινητησανekinēthēsan). First aorist passive indicative of κινεωkineō to move.

Out of their places (εκ των τοπων αυτωνek tōn topōn autōn). See also Revelation 16:20 for these violent displacements in the earth‘s crust. Cf. Nahum 1:5; Jeremiah 4:24. Jesus spoke of faith removing mountains (of difficulty) as in Mark 11:23 (cf. 1 Corinthians 13:2).

Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-6.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Departed ( ἀπεχωρισθη )

The verb means to separate, sever. Rev., was removed.

Scroll ( βιβλίον )

See on Luke 4:17. Compare Isaiah 34:4.

Mountain and island

Compare Matthew 24:35; Nahum 1:5.

Copyright Statement
The text of this work is public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-6.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.

And the heavens departed as a book that is rolled together — When the scripture compares some very great with a little thing, the majesty and omnipotence of God, before whom great things are little, is highly exalted.

Every mountain and island — What a mountain is to the land, that an island is to the sea.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-6.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

14 And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.

Ver. 14. And every mountain] {See Trapp on "Revelation 6:12"} Cinis quidam noxius e Visuvio emissus, Romam venit (inquit Dio) ita ut incolae putare coeperunt omnia sursum deorsum ferri, solemque in terram cadere, ac terrain in caelum conscendere. I myself saw, saith Bellarmine, a huge hill removed by an earthquake, and brought down to a town, which was wholly covered by it, and as it were buried under it. Perhaps he meant Pleurs in Rhetia, which was overcovered suddenly with a mountain, so that 1500 persons were buried there alive.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-6.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Two expressions more signifying the same thing. The first is used by the prophet, to signify the change God would make in the state of the Edomites, Isaiah 34:4, as will appear by comparing what that prophet saith, with what Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Obadiah say, upon the same argument, Jeremiah 49:7-22 Ezekiel 35:1-15.

And every mountain and island were moved out of their places; all sorts of people shall be destroyed, or all the paganish religion shall be rooted out.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-6.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

И небо скрылось, свившись как свиток Земная атмосфера каким-то образом подвергнется очень сильному влиянию, и небо (такое, каким мы его знаем) исчезнет (ср. Ис. 34:4).

всякая гора и остров двинулисьПод влиянием глобального землетрясения огромные сегменты земной коры начнут сдвигаться, разрушая и перестраивая целые континенты.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-6.html.

Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

5. The heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled-- 6:14.

The word heaven here refers to the seats of government, the powers of dominion. The persecuting powers would depart, fold up, as a scroll, and roll back. Using the same figure in describing the fall of Babylon, Isaiah said "the host of heaven shall be dissolved and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll." (Isaiah 34:4)

The disintegration of the enemies of the church was also foretold in the Messianic prophecies of Isaiah by the use of the same figures as John employed in the imagery of Revelation; and it is again comparable to the Lord's pronouncement concerning the events after the fall of Jerusalem, that with a great sound of a trumpet, he would send his messengers to "gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other"--(Matthew 24:31) -a description of expansion of the gospel after the destruction of Jerusalem and the downfall of Judaism. And in verse 34 the Lord said with the emphasis of Verily I say unto you that "this generation shall not pass until all these things be fulfilled." Here is the blanket proof that these events belonged to that time, that they pertained to the church and the nations of the persecution period and not to a distant future of far and remote centuries.

6. Every mountain and island were moved out of their places--6:14.

This is another symbolic expression to designate the divine visitations on the persecuting powers. Figuratively the mountains denoted places of authority in a kingdom (Amos 4:1), and the powerful concentration of enemies (Isaiah 41:15). The island denotes the inhabitants of the sea, from over the sea, or any land bordering the sea; and the prophets referred to the Gentile peoples as the "isles of the Gentiles" and "isles of the sea."

In the imagery of this sixth seal mountains and islands --both Jewish and Gentile persecuting authorities, Palestinian and Romans--would be overthrown, moved out of their places, their power dissipated. Pronouncing judgment on Tyrus for oppressing Jerusalem, Ezekiel said the isles would "shake" and "tremble" at her fall and "all the isles of the sea shall be troubled at thy departure." (Ezekiel 26:15-18) So of these Jewish and Gentile authorities "after the tribulation of those days." Jesus said "the powers of the heavens shall be shaken." (Matthew 24:29)

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition available at BibleSupport.com. Public Domain.
Bibliographical Information
Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-6.html. 1966.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Evidently the sky will appear to split and roll back in two opposite directions (cf. Isaiah 34:4). [Note: Thomas, Revelation 1-7, p454.] The universe will seem to be coming apart. Apparently the opening of the sky will give earth-dwellers a glimpse into the throne-room of heaven ( Revelation 6:16). Probably the earthquake ( Revelation 6:12) will cause mountains and islands to rise and fall (cf. Nahum 1:6).

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-6.html. 2012.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

And every mountain. In the dreadful confusion of the Roman empire, in the time of Constantine, so great was the revolution, that mountains appeared, as it were, moved out of their places; islands shifted from their accustomed situations. We behold at one time seven persons, Maximin Galerius, Maxentius, Severus Cæsar, Maximin, Alexander, Maximin Hercules, and Licinius, all aiming at the empire. The first six perished in nine years, from 305 to 314: Licinius was strangled in 324. All these were enemies of the Christian religion. Constantine, who supported it, remained sole master of the empire. (Calmet)

====================

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/revelation-6.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

departed = parted asunder. See Acts 15:39.

scroll. See Revelation 1:11.

when, &c. = rolling itself up.

moved = removed, as Revelation 2:5.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-6.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.

Departed, [ apechooristhee (Greek #673)] - 'was separated from' its place: 'made to depart.' Not as Alford, 'parted asunder;' on the contrary, it was rolled together as an open scroll is rolled up and laid aside. There is no 'asunder one from another,' as in Acts 15:39.

Mountain ... moved out of their places - (Psalms 121:1, margin; Jeremiah 3:23; Jeremiah 4:24; Nahum 1:5). This disruption shall be the precursor of the new earth, as the preAdamic convulsions prepared it for its present occupants.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-6.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.
the heaven
Psalms 102:26; Isaiah 34:4; Hebrews 1:11-13; 2 Peter 3:10
and every
16:20; Isaiah 2:14-17; Jeremiah 3:23; 4:23-26; 51:25; Habakkuk 3:6,10
Reciprocal: Job 9:5 - removeth;  Job 14:18 - the mountain;  Psalm 46:6 - earth;  Psalm 99:1 - earth;  Psalm 104:5 - that it;  Isaiah 1:31 - as tow;  Isaiah 13:13 - I will;  Isaiah 24:21 - the Lord;  Jeremiah 25:35 - the shepherds;  Matthew 24:35 - Heaven;  Luke 6:48 - the flood;  2 Peter 3:12 - the heavens;  Revelation 20:11 - from

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-6.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

The heaven refers to the region that covers the earth, used here as a symbol of the great domain in which important men ruled with selfish interests. The disappearance of this reign of selfishness is likened to a scroll that is rolled up and laid away. Mountains and isles in symbolic language means seats of government, and these began to be altered by the revolutionary work of Constantine.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-6.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 6:14

Revelation 6:14 And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.

The departing of the

heaven

signifies the total revolution, and final destruction of the pagan sate of the Roman Empire; by Constantine the Great.

And every mountain,

that is their high places on which they worshipped their idols. {Read Ezekiel 18:6; Isaiah 57:7; Ezekiel 6:13} Then shall ye know that I am JEHOVAH, when their slain men shall be among their idols, round about their altars, upon every high hill in all the tops of the mountains-The place where they did offer sweet savours unto all their idols. And by every island, we may understand every separated place (as islands are from the land) so all their consecrated temples, altars, &c. were dedicated unto their idol gods, and separated from there common places, and were removed; that is taken away and abolished. Their panyeon and all the rest of their idol temples, were taken away by the Christian emperors; and the worship of Christ set up gradually throughout the whole Roman Empire, by the edicts, decrees, and government of Constantine; {as Zephaniah 2:10-11} JEHOVAH will famish all the gods of the earth, and destroy the idols and the heathen.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-6.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

14.Heaven departed as a scroll—Compare our notes on the passing “away with a great noise,” of 2 Peter 3:10; and also on “the earth and the heaven fled away,” of Revelation 20:11. These parallels prove the identity of this dissolution with that of those two passages, as well as with that of Matthew 24:29. This identity of the three is conclusive against a pre-millennial advent.

A scroll—A sheet of parchment, papyrus, or paper, loosely crumpled and vanishing away. To the eye of the spectator, in this scene of rocking terrene convulsion, the apparent sky of clouds and firmament will seem to crumple and rush away.

Mountain’ island’ moved—As seen from a bird’s-eye view, the prominent geographical points will appear to change their places.

 

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 6:14". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-6.html. 1874-1909.