corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Dictionaries

Charles Buck Theological Dictionary


Resource Toolbox
Additional Links

A delight of the mind arising from the consideration of a present for assured approaching possession of a future good. When it is moderate, it is called gladness; when raised on a sudden to the highest degree, it is then exultation or transport; when we limit our desires by our possessions, it is contentment; when our desires are raised high, and yet accomplished, this is called satisfaction; when our joy is derived from some comical occasion or amusement, it is mirth; if it arise from considerable opposition that is vanquished in the pursuit of the good we desire, it is then called triumph; when joy has so long possessed the mind that it is settled into a temper, we call it cheerfulness; when we rejoice upon the account of any good which others obtain, it may be called sympathy or congratulation. This is natural joy; but there is,

2. A moral joy, which is a self-approbation, or that which arises from the performance of any good actions; this is called peace, or serenity of conscience: if the action be honourable, and the joy rise high, it may be called glory.

3. There is also a spiritual joy, which the Scripture calls a "fruit of the Spirit, " Galatians 5:22 . "the joy of faith." Philippians 1:25 . and "the rejoicing of hope, " Hebrews 3:6 .

The objects of it are,

1. God himself, Psalms 43:4 . Is. 41: 10.

2. Christ, Philippians 3:3 . 1 Peter 1:8 .

3. The promises, Psalms 119:162 .

4. The administration of the Gospel, and Gospel ordinances, Psalms 89:15 .

5. The prosperity of the interest of Christ, Acts 15:3 . Revelation 11:15 ; Revelation 17:1-18 :

6. The happiness of a future state, Romans 5:1-21 . Matthew 25:1-46 :

The nature and properties of this joy:

1. It is or should be constant, Philippians 4:4 .

2. It is unknown to the men of the world, 1 Corinthians 2:14 .

3. It is unspeakable, 1 Peter 1:8 .

4. It is permanent, John 16:22 . Watts on the Pass. sect. 11; Gill's Body of Div. p. 111.3d. vol. 8vo. edit.; Grove's Mor. Phil. vol. 1: p. 356.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Buck, Charles. Entry for 'Joy'. Charles Buck Theological Dictionary. 1802.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
Search for…
Enter query in the box:
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Y  Z 

Prev Entry
John, st
Next Entry
Joy of God
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology