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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Joy, Joyfulness, Joyfully, Joyous

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A — 1: χαρά

(Strong's #5479 — Noun Feminine — chara — khar-ah' )

"joy, delight" (akin to chairo, "to rejoice"), is found frequently in Matthew and Luke, and especially in John, once in Mark (Mark 4:16 , RV, "joy," AV, "gladness"); it is absent from 1Cor. (though the verb is used three times), but is frequent in 2Cor., where the noun is used five times (for 2 Corinthians 7:4 , RV, see Note below), and the verb eight times, suggestive of the Apostle's relief in comparison with the circumstances of the 1st Epistle; in Colossians 1:11 , AV, "joyfulness," RV, "joy." The word is sometimes used, by metonymy, of the occasion or cause of "joy," Luke 2:10 (lit., "I announce to you a great joy"); in 2 Corinthians 1:15 , in some mss., for charis, "benefit;" Philippians 4:1 , where the readers are called the Apostle's "joy;" so 1 Thessalonians 2:19,20; Hebrews 12:2 , of the object of Christ's "joy;" James 1:2 , where it is connected with falling into trials; perhaps also in Matthew 25:21,23 , where some regard it as signifying, concretely, the circumstances attending cooperation in the authority of the Lord. See also the Note following No. 3.

Note: In Hebrews 12:11 , "joyous" represents the phrase meta, "with," followed by chara, lit., "with joy." So in Hebrews 10:34 , "joyfully;" in 2 Corinthians 7:4 the noun is used with the Middle Voice of huperperisseuo, "to abound more exceedingly," and translated "(I overflow) with joy," RV (AV, "I am exceeding joyful").

A — 2: ἀγαλλίασις

(Strong's #20 — Noun Feminine — agalliasis — ag-al-lee'-as-is )

"exultation, exuberant joy." Cp. B, No. 3, below. See GLADNESS.

A — 3: εὐφροσύνη

(Strong's #2167 — Noun Feminine — euphrosune — yoo-fros-oo'-nay )

is rendered "joy" in the AV of Acts 2:28 , RV, "gladness," as in 14:17. See GLADNESS.

Note: "Joy" is associated with life, e.g., 1 Thessalonians 3:8,9 . Experiences of sorrow prepare for, and enlarge, the capacity for "joy," e.g., John 16:20; Romans 5:3,4; 2 Corinthians 7:4; 8:2; Hebrews 10:34; James 1:2 . Persecution for Christ's sake enhances "joy," e.g., Matthew 5:11,12; Acts 5:41 . Other sources of "joy" are faith, Romans 15:13; Philippians 1:25; hope, Romans 5:2 (kauchaomai, see B, No. 2); 12:12 (chairo, see B, No. 1); the "joy" of others, Romans 12:15 , which is distinctive of Christian sympathy. Cp. 1 Thessalonians 3:9 . In the OT and the NT God Himself is the ground and object of the believer's "joy," e.g., Psalm 35:9; 43:4; Isaiah 61:10; Luke 1:47; Romans 5:11; Philippians 3:1; 4:4 .

B — 1: χαίρω

(Strong's #5463 — Verb — chairo — khah'ee-ro )

"to rejoice, be glad," is translated "joyfully" in Luke 19:6 , lit., "rejoicing;" "we joyed," 2 Corinthians 7:13; "I joy," Philippians 2:17; "do ye joy," Philippians 2:18; "joying," Colossians 2:5; "we joy," 1 Thessalonians 3:9 . It is contrasted with weeping and sorrow, e.g., in John 16:20,22; Romans 12:15; 1 Corinthians 7:30 (cp. Psalm 30:5 ). See FAREWELL , GLAD , GREETING , HAIL , REJOICE.

B — 2: καυχάομαι

(Strong's #2744 — Verb — kauchaomai — kow-khah'-om-ahee )

"to boast, glory, exult," is rendered "we joy," in Romans 5:11 , AV (RV, "we rejoice"). It would have been an advantage to translate this word distinctively by the verbs "to glory" or "to exult."

B — 3: ἀγαλλιάω

(Strong's #21 — Verb — agalliao — ag-al-lee-ah'-o )

"to exult, rejoice greatly," is translated "with exceeding joy" in 1 Peter 4:13 (Middle Voice), lit., "(ye rejoice, chairo) exulting." Cp. A, No. 2. See GLAD , REJOICE.

B — 4: ὀνίνημι

(Strong's #3685 — Verb — oninemi — on-in'-ay-mee )

"to benefit, profit," in the Middle Voice, "to have profit, derive benefit," is translated "let me have joy" in Philemon 1:20 (RV marg., "help"); the Apostle is doubtless continuing his credit and debit metaphors and using the verb in the sense of "profit."

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Joy, Joyfulness, Joyfully, Joyous'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/j/joy-joyfulness-joyfully-joyous.html. 1940.

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