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American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
A species of serpent, more commonly called viper. The word adder is used five times in the Bible, as a translation of four different serpents of the venomous sort. In Genesis 49:17 , it seems to mean the cerastes, or horned viper, of the color of sand, and very deadly bite; accustomed to lie hidden in the tracks in the sand, and dart up on the unwary traveller. In Psalm 58:4 91:13 , it is probably the asp. In Psalm 140:3 perhaps the tarantula, or some serpent that strikes backwards. See SERPANT, VIPER.
These files are public domain and are a derivative of the topics are from American Tract Society Bible Dictionary published in 1859.
Rand, W. W. Entry for 'Adder'. American Tract Society Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ats/a/adder.html. 1859.