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American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
The Hebrews have very few names of particular species of fish. Moses says in general, that all sorts of river, lake, or sea fish, which have scales and fins, may be eaten; all others shall be to the Hebrews an abomination, Leviticus 11:9-12 Deuteronomy 14:9,10 . The Nile had an early celebrity, which it still retains, for the abundance and excellence of its fish, Exodus 7:18-21 Numbers 11:5 . The Sea of Tiberias also still abounds in fish, Luke 5:5 John 21:6-11 . They were a common article of food among the Jews, Matthew 7:10 , and were obtained from the Mediterranean, Nehemiah 13:16 , and from the Jordan. They were caught with hooks, Amos 4:2 , spears, Job 41:7 , and nets, Isaiah 19:8-10 . The "great fish," Jonah 1:17 , which swallowed Jonah, may have been of the shark genus, as this animal is common in the Mediterranean. The original word, both in Hebrew and Greek, Matthew 12:40 , means a fish, and not specifically a "whale." See Matthew 4:18-22 .
The early Christians, in times of persecution, used to engrave the form of a fish on their medals, seals, and tombs, as a tacit confession of their faith; as the five letters of the Greek word for fish are the initial letters of five words, signifying "Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the Savior." This symbol has thus become the subject of a superstitious regard.
These files are public domain and are a derivative of the topics are from American Tract Society Bible Dictionary published in 1859.
Rand, W. W. Entry for 'Fish, Fisher'. American Tract Society Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ats/f/fish-fisher.html. 1859.
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11