American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
A son of Noah, Genesis 5:32 6:10 , always named before Ham and Japheth, as the eldest son; or, as some think, because he was the forefather of the Hebrews. In Genesis 10:21 , the word elder may be applied to Shem, instead of Japheth. He received a blessing from his dying father, Genesis 9:26 , and of his line the Messiah was born. He had five sons, and their posterity occupied the central regions between Ham and Japheth, and peopled the finest provinces of the East. The languages of some of these nations are still called the Shemitic languages, including the Hebrew, Chalee, Syriac, Arabic, Ethiopic, etc.; but in this general class are found several languages spoken by nations descended from Ham.
These files are public domain and are a derivative of the topics are from American Tract Society Bible Dictionary published in 1859.
Rand, W. W. Entry for 'Shem'. American Tract Society Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ats/s/shem.html. 1859.