American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
The largest known inhabitant of the sea, Job 7:12 , put by our translators for a Hebrew word including all the huge marine monsters, as in Genesis 1:21 . In Ezekiel 32:2 , referring to Egypt and the Nile, it doubtless means the crocodile; as also in Psalm 74:13; Isaiah 27:1; 51:9; Ezekiel 29:3 , where it is translated "dragon." The "great fish" that swallowed Jonah cannot be named with certainty. The Greek word in Matthew 12:40 being also indeterminate. Whales, however, were anciently found in the Mediterranean, and sharks of the largest size.
These files are public domain and are a derivative of the topics are from American Tract Society Bible Dictionary published in 1859.
Rand, W. W. Entry for 'Whale'. American Tract Society Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ats/w/whale.html. 1859.