Charles Buck Theological Dictionary
A sect in Scotland, who separated from the Presbyterians in 1666, and continued long to hold their religious assemblies in the fields. They took their name from Richard Cameron, a famous field-preacher, who, refusing to accept the indulgence to tender consciences, granted by king Charles II. thinking such an acceptance an acknowledgment of the king's supremacy, made a defection from his brethren, and even headed a rebellion, in which he was killed. The Cameronians adhere rigidly to the form of government established in 1648. There are not, it is said, above fourteen or fifteen congregations among them, and these not large.
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Buck, Charles. Entry for 'Cameronians'. Charles Buck Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/cbd/c/cameronians.html. 1802.