Charles Buck Theological Dictionary
Denotes any thing that is universal or general. The rise of heresies induced the primitive Christian church to assume to itself the appellation of Catholic, being a characteristic to distinguish itself from all sects, who, though they had party names, sometimes sheltered themselves under the name of Christians. The Romish church now distinguished itself by Catholic in opposition to all who have separated from her communion, and whom she considers as heretics and schismatics, and herself only as the true and Christian church. In the strict sense of the word, there is no Catholic church in being; that is, no universal Christian communion.
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Buck, Charles. Entry for 'Catholic'. Charles Buck Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/cbd/c/catholic.html. 1802.