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Charles Buck Theological Dictionary
A word commonly used for a council house of ecclesiastical persons, or place of justice in the spiritual court: a session or assembly of prelates. Every archbishop and bishop of every diocese hath a consistory court, held before his chancellor or commissary, in his catherdral church, or other convenient place of his diocese for ecclesiastical causes. The bishop's chancellor is the judge of this court, supposed to be skilled in the civil and canon law; and in places of the diocese far remote from the bishop's consistory, the bishop appoints a commissary to judge in all causes within a certain district, and a register to enter his decrees, &c. Consistory at Rome, denotes the college of cardinals, or the pope's senate and council, before whom judiciary causes are pleaded. Consistory is also used among the reformed for a council or assembly of ministers and elders to regulate their affairs, discipline, &c.
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Buck, Charles. Entry for 'Consistory'. Charles Buck Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/cbd/c/consistory.html. 1802.