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Bible Dictionaries

Charles Buck Theological Dictionary

Essenes

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A very ancient sect, that was spread abroad through Syria, Egypt, and the neighbouring countries. They maintained that religion consisted wholly in contemplation and silence. Some of them passed their lives in a state of celibacy; others embraced the state of matrimony, which they considered as lawful, when entered into with the sole design of propagating the species, and not to satisfy the demand of lust. Some of them held the possibility of appeasing the Deity by sacrifices, though different from that of the Jews; and others maintained that no offering was acceptable to God but that of a serene and composed mind, addicted to the contemplation of divine things. They looked upon the law of Moses as mysterious truths; and renounced, in its explication, all regard to the outward letter.

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Bibliography Information
Buck, Charles. Entry for 'Essenes'. Charles Buck Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/cbd/e/essenes.html. 1802.

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