Charles Buck Theological Dictionary
The religious doctrines and rites of the Jews, the descendants of Abraham. Judaism was but a temporary dispensation, and was to give way, at least the ceremonial part of it, at the coming of the Messiah. The principal sects among the Jews were the Pharisees, who placed religion in external ceremony; the Sadducees, who were remarkable for their incredulity; and the Essenes, who were distinguished for their austere sanctity. At present, the Jews have two sects; the Caraites, who admit no rule of religion but the law of Moses; and the Rabbinists, who add to the law the traditions of the Talmud.
See those articles, and books recommended under article JEWS, in this work.
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Buck, Charles. Entry for 'Judaism'. Charles Buck Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/cbd/j/judaism.html. 1802.