Charles Buck Theological Dictionary
Compounded of two words which signify the love of mankind. It differs from benevolence only in this: that benevolence extends to every being that has life and sense, and is of course susceptible of pain and pleasure; whereas philanthropy cannot comprehend more than the human race. It differs from friendship, as this affection, subsists only between a few individuals, whilst philanthropy comprehends the whole human species. It is a calm sentiment, which perhaps hardly ever rises to the warmth of affection, and certainly not to the heat of passion.
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Buck, Charles. Entry for 'Philanthropy'. Charles Buck Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/cbd/p/philanthropy.html. 1802.