Charles Buck Theological Dictionary
Among the Papists, a person shut up in a small cell of an hermitage or monastery, and cut off not only from all conversation with the world, but even with the house. This is a kind of voluntary imprisonment from a motive either of devotion or penance.
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Buck, Charles. Entry for 'Recluse'. Charles Buck Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/cbd/r/recluse.html. 1802.