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Charles Buck Theological Dictionary
In theology, denotes our recovery from sin and death by the obedience and sacrifice of Christ, who, on this account, is called The Redeemer, Isaiah 59:20 . Job 19:25 . Our English word redemption says Dr. Gill, is from the Latin tongue, and signifies buying again; and several words in the Greek language of the New Testament, are used in the affair of our redemption, which signify the obtaining of something by paying a proper price for it: sometimes the simple verb, to buy, is used: so the redeemed are said to be bought unto God by the blood of Christ, and to be bought from the earth, and to be bought from among men, and to be bought with a price; that is, with the price of Christ's blood. 1 Corinthians 6:20 . Hence the church of God is said to be purchased with it, Acts 20:28 . Sometimes the compound word is used; which signifies to buy again, or out of the hands of another, as the redeemed are bought out of the hands of justice, as in Galatians 3:13 . and Galatians 4:5 . In other places, another word is used or others derived from it, which signifies the deliverance of a slave or captive from thraldom, by paying a ransom price for him: so the saints are said to be redeemed not with silver or gold, the usual price paid for a ransom, but with a far greater one, the blood and life of Christ, which he came into this world to give as a ransom price for many, and even himself, which is an answerable, adequate, and full price for them, 1 Peter 1:18 . The evils from which we are redeemed or delivered are the curse of the law, sin, Satan, the world, death, and hell. The moving cause of redemption is the love of God, John 3:16 . The procuring cause, Jesus Christ, 1 Peter 1:18-19 . The ends of redemption are, that the justice of God might be satisfied; his people reconciled, adopted, sanctified, and brought to glory. The properties of it are these:
1. It is agreeable to all the perfections of God.
2. What a creature never could obtain, and therefore entirely of free grace.
3. It is special and particular.
4. Full and complete.
5, lastly, It is eternal as to its blessings.
See articles PROPITIATION, RECONCILIATION, SATISFACTION; and Edwards's History of Redemption; Cole on the Sovereignty of God; Lime Street Lect. lect. 5; Watts's Ruin and Recovery; Dr. Owen on the Death and Satisfaction of Christ; Gill's Body of Divinity.
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Buck, Charles. Entry for 'Redemption'. Charles Buck Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/cbd/r/redemption.html. 1802.