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Bible Dictionaries

Charles Buck Theological Dictionary

Semi-Pelagians

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A name anciently, and even at this day, given to such as retain some tincture of Pelagianism. Cassian, who had been a deacon of Constantinople, who was afterwards a priest at Marceilles, was the chief of these Semi-Pelagians, whose leading principles were,

1. That God did not dispense his grace to one more than another, in consequence of predestination, 1:e. an eternal and absolute decree, but was willing to save all men, if they complied with the terms of his Gospel.

2. That Christ died for all men.

3. That the grace purchased by Christ, and necessary to salvation, was offered to all men.

4. That man, before he received grace, was capable of faith and holy desires.

5. That man was born free, and was, consequently, capable of resisting the influences of grace, or of complying with its suggestion.

6. The Semi-Pelagians were very numerous; and the doctrine of Cassian, though variously explained, was received in the greatest part of the monastic schools in Gaul, from whence it spread itself far and wide through the European provinces. As to the Greeks, and other Eastern Christians, they had embraced the Semi-Pelagian doctrines before Cassian. In the sixth century the controversy between the Semi- Pelagians and the disciples of Augustin prevailed much, and continued to divide the Western churches.

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Bibliography Information
Buck, Charles. Entry for 'Semi-Pelagians'. Charles Buck Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/cbd/s/semi-pelagians.html. 1802.

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