Charles Buck Theological Dictionary
Emptiness. It is often applied to the man who wishes you to think more highly of him than what he really deserves; hence the vain man flatters in order to be flattered; is always fond of praise, endeavours to bribe others into a good opinion of himself by his complaisance, and sometimes even by good offices, though often displayed with unnecessary ostentation. The term is likewise applied to this world, as unsatisfactory, Ecclesiastes 1:2; to lying, Psalms 4:2; to idols, Deuteronomy 32:21; to whatever disappoints our hopes, Psalms 60:11 .
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Buck, Charles. Entry for 'Vanity'. Charles Buck Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/cbd/v/vanity.html. 1802.