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Easton's Bible Dictionary
The first earthquake in Palestine of which we have any record happened in the reign of Ahab (1 Kings 19:11,12 ). Another took place in the days of Uzziah, King of Judah (Zechariah 14:5 ). The most memorable earthquake taking place in New Testament times happened at the crucifixion of our Lord (Matthew 27:54 ). An earthquake at Philippi shook the prison in which Paul and Silas were imprisoned (Acts 16:26 ).
It is used figuratively as a token of the presence of the Lord (Judges 5:4; 2 Samuel 22:8; Psalm 77:18; 97:4; 104:32 ).
These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain.
Easton, Matthew George. Entry for 'Earthquake'. Easton's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ebd/e/earthquake.html. 1897.