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Easton's Bible Dictionary
Gr. praitorion (John 18:28,33
; Matthew 27:27
), "common hall." In all these passages the Revised Version renders "palace." In Mark 15:16
the word is rendered "Praetorium" (q.v.), which is a Latin word, meaning literally the residence of the praetor, and then the governor's residence in general, though not a praetor. Throughout the Gospels the word "praitorion" has this meaning (Compare Acts 23:35
). Pilate's official residence when he was in Jerusalem was probably a part of the fortress of Antonia.
The trial of our Lord was carried on in a room or office of the palace. The "whole band" spoken of by Mark were gathered together in the palace court.
These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain.
Easton, Matthew George. Entry for 'Judgment Hall'. Easton's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ebd/j/judgment-hall.html. 1897.