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the Week of Proper 5 / Ordinary 10
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Bible Dictionaries
Mercy-Seat

Easton's Bible Dictionary

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(Heb. kapporeth, a "covering;" LXX. and N.T., hilasterion; Vulg., propitiatorium), the covering or lid of the ark of the covenant (q.v.). It was of acacia wood, overlaid with gold, or perhaps rather a plate of solid gold, 2 1/2 cubits long and 1 1/2 broad (Exodus 25:17; 30:6; 31:7 ). It is compared to the throne of grace (Hebrews 9:5; Ephesians 2:6 ). The holy of holies is called the "place of the mercy-seat" (1 Chronicles 28:11 : Leviticus 16:2 ).

It has been conjectured that the censer (thumiaterion, meaning "anything having regard to or employed in the burning of incense") mentioned in Hebrews 9:4 was the "mercy-seat," at which the incense was burned by the high priest on the great day of atonement, and upon or toward which the blood of the goat was sprinkled ( Leviticus 16:11-16; Compare Numbers 7:89 and Exodus 25:22 ).

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. Entry for 'Mercy-Seat'. Easton's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/​dictionaries/​eng/​ebd/​m/mercy-seat.html. 1897.
 
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