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Tuesday, April 16th, 2024
the Third Week after Easter
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Bible Dictionaries
Publican

Easton's Bible Dictionary

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One who farmed the taxes (e.g., Zacchaeus, Luke 19:2 ) to be levied from a town or district, and thus undertook to pay to the supreme government a certain amount. In order to collect the taxes, the publicans employed subordinates (5:27; 15:1; 18:10), who, for their own ends, were often guilty of extortion and peculation. In New Testament times these taxes were paid to the Romans, and hence were regarded by the Jews as a very heavy burden, and hence also the collectors of taxes, who were frequently Jews, were hated, and were usually spoken of in very opprobrious terms. Jesus was accused of being a "friend of publicans and sinners" (Luke 7:34 ).

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. Entry for 'Publican'. Easton's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/​dictionaries/​eng/​ebd/​p/publican.html. 1897.
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