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Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("vain, empty, son of Zipper".) Not hereditary king, but imposed on Moab by Sihon. (See Numbers 22:6), and his hope of prevailing by Balaam's enchantments being disappointed, he let them alone thenceforth. His "warring against Israel" (Joshua 24:9-10) consisted not in "fighting," which is denied in Judges 11:25, but in hiring Balak against them.; HUR (2).) His employment of Balaam to curse Israel was near the close of Israel's journeying. His knowing as to the seer in Mesopotamia would imply a circulation of intelligence, great considering the times. Moab's descent from Lot, originally of Mesopotamia; also the merchant caravans passing across the deserts; also the advanced civilization of Moab in letters, proved by the Moabite stone some centuries later: all make it intelligible. Finding Israel "too mighty" for him (
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Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Balak'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/fbd/b/balak.html. 1949.