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Fausset's Bible Dictionary
All not Greek, in contrast to the Greeks (Romans 1:14). Primitively all speaking an unknown tongue (1 Corinthians 14:11); the Maltese, as speaking a Punic dialect (Acts 28:2; Acts 28:4). Subsequently the word implied cruelty and savagery. Distinguished from Scythians, the wild races beyond the Roman empire; "barbarians" were within it (Colossians 3:11).
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Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Barbarian'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/fbd/b/barbarian.html. 1949.