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Fausset's Bible Dictionary
(Galatians 4:9): "weak and beggarly" rudiments; the elementary symbols of the law, powerless to justify, in contrast to the justifying power of faith (Galatians 3:24; Hebrews 7:18); beggarly, in contrast with the riches of the believer's inheritance in Christ (Ephesians 1:18). The child (Galatians 4:1-3) under the law is "weak," not having attained manhood. "beggarly," not having attained the inheritance.
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Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Elements'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/fbd/e/elements.html. 1949.