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Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Chief city of the Philistines in Abraham's and Isaac's time; now Khirbet el Gerar. The fertile region between the two deserts of Kadesh and Shut; resorted to therefore by Abraham and Isaac in time of famine. On the southern border of Canaan, near Gaza and Beersheba (Genesis 10:19; Genesis 20:1; Genesis 26:1-26). Near the deep wady Jurf el Gerar, "the rapid of Gerar" (2 Chronicles 14:13-14.) The people were pastoral in the times of Abraham, but warlike, with a regular "chief captain of the army," Phichol (the "mouth of all," implying a commanding voice as commander-in-chief. Abimelech ("father of kings," implying an hereditary not an elective monarchy) was the common royal title (Psalm 34 title, compare the margin). Condor (Palestine Exploration, August, 1875) identifies it rather with Tel-Jema, an enormous mound covered with broken pottery, immediately S. of Khirbet el Gerar. The name, lost to this the proper site, lingers in the neighboring Khirbet el Gerar.
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Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Gerar'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/fbd/g/gerar.html. 1949.