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Bible Dictionaries

Fausset's Bible Dictionary

Gershom

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Gershon. 1 Chronicles 6:1; 1 Chronicles 6:16. Firstborn of Moses and Zipporah "a sojourner in a foreign land" (geer )," sojourner," is common to Hebrew and Egyptian; shom is not from Hebrew sham "there," as margin, but shem , Coptic, "a strange land"); alluding to Moses' sojourn in Midian "for, he said, I have been a stranger in a strange land" (Exodus 2:22; Exodus 18:3). (See CIRCUMCISION and Exodus 4:25.) Gershom was founder of a family, of which was "Jonathan, son (descendant) of Gershom," the "young man the Levite," who became Micah's priest to the image (Judges 17:7; Judges 18:18-30), and subsequently the Danites' priest. His descendants held this priesthood until the taking of the ark by the Philistines, which is called "the day of the captivity of the land."

Gershom in the Hebrew text (kethib ) is called "son of Moses." The name is altered into Manasseh with a hanging 'n' (raised above the line to show it might either be inserted or omitted) in the Masoretic keri , or margin Hebrew "He did the deeds of idolatrous Manasseh," says the Talmud (Baba bathra, 109 b.), "therefore Scripture assigns him to the family of Manasseh." Rabbabar bar Channa says "it would have been ignominious to Moses to have had an ungodly son; he was the son of Manasseh in impiety, of Moses in descent." But other of Moses' descendants through Gershom reflected the piety of "the man of God." Shebuel Gershom's descendant was "ruler of the treasures" dedicated in the sanctuary under David (1 Chronicles 23:15-17; 1 Chronicles 26:24-28). One accompanied Ezra from Babylon (Ezra 8:2).

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Bibliography Information
Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Gershom'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/fbd/g/gershom.html. 1949.

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